Away from the window - shade-tolerant plants
Everyone in the apartment has a corner that you want to decorate with plants, but, unfortunately, it is far from the window and there is not enough light. Of course, perhaps not a single plant can do without the sun, but there are some that could be grown far from the window in low light. What kind of plants can these be? Let's figure it out.
- The most shade-tolerant among indoor plants
- Strong shading plants that do not require additional lighting
- Shade-tolerant plants requiring additional illumination
- Light shade plants that require backlighting
The most shade-tolerant among indoor plants
The most shade-tolerant among indoor plants are plants of two families:
- Arrowroot (Marantaceae) - shade-tolerant plants, they prefer diffused light or light partial shade. A certain amount of direct sunlight is permissible only in the early morning or at the end of the day. If the lighting is too intense, the plant may get burned or just lose its color. Arrowroot - those of the few plants that can be grown completely in artificial light.
- Aroyd (Araceae) - in the spring and summer you need a shade from midday sunlight, and in winter the lighting should be very good, so direct rays are only useful.
Of course, it is worthwhile to understand that you cannot grow flowering plants in a shady corner, therefore, for the most part, plants that are suitable for us are decorative-deciduous. In addition, and among them, not all plants can feel favorably in such a place. I would like to warn that the well-being of your pets depends on many factors, such as: the distance from the window (natural light), the location of the windows, what care they are provided with, and whether there is additional lighting.
It seems advisable to arrange the names of the plants with decreasing shade tolerance. The list of plants that I offer you is based on personal observations and the observations of other gardeners.
Strong shading plants that do not require additional lighting
- Aspidistra (Aspidistra) - tolerates strong shading.
- Aucuba (Aucuba) - the genus Aucuba has 3 species of shrubs from the cornel family (Cornaceae). According to recent data, the genus belongs to the family of Garry (Garryaceae), also found as a family of Aucubae (Aucubaceae). Aucuba - an inhabitant of subtropical forests is so shade-tolerant that in the deep shade of forests, in the undergrowth, besides aucuba, sometimes nothing grows.
- Palisota (Palisota) - a rare plant. Belongs to the family of Commeline. Tolerates significant shading.
- Pellonia (Pellionia) - a rare houseplant from the Urticaceae family is a shade-tolerant plant, but it is best to put it in partial shade.
Shade-tolerant plants requiring additional illumination
- Aglaonema (Aglaonema) Is a relative of Dieffenbachia and therefore somewhat similar to it, differs only by narrower leaves, the size of the aglaoneema is much smaller than Dieffenbachia, and the plant itself has the shape of a bush. In winter, requires additional lighting
- Alocasia (Alocasia) - a beautiful houseplant, with large arrow-oval (or heart-shaped) leaves, which are no more than 6-7. In winter, requires additional lighting.
- Anthurium (Anthurium) - is grown as a flowering and ornamental foliage plant, as well as for cutting. With a lack of light, the leaves are small, the flowers lose their color.
- Asplenium (Asplenium) - in the culture is represented by several species that look very different from each other. Cultivated in moist and warm greenhouses and rooms.
- Deciduous begonias - begonias do not like direct sunlight, preferring partial shade. If begonia stands directly on the window, it receives enough light for development, however, it can be burned in direct sunlight, therefore, it should provide shading from direct sunlight. Some begonias also feel good in low light conditions, as happens, for example, in the northern windows. When determining the place for begonias in a room, the individual need for illumination of a particular species or variety should be taken into account. Decorative leaf begonias are plants of a neutral day. They grow well and bloom in both short and long daylight hours. The most shade-tolerant varieties: B. x Bow-arriola, B. hogwort, B. grapevine, B. diadem, B. yellow, different. Colorized leaf, B. red-leafed, B. mottled, or multi-colored, B. Richardson, B. Fist, B. fuchsiform, B. Schmidt, B. silver-spotted - requires year-round shading;
- Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia) - in winter requires additional illumination;
- Dracaena (Dracaena) - for good growth and development you need intense light. Variegated forms require more lighting than forms with green leaves. If there is enough light in the summer, then in winter the dracaena should be rearranged closer to the window, since in winter there is usually not enough light. Dracaena grows well under artificial lighting.
- Ktenanta (Ctenanthe) - partial shade, in bright light and in a too dark place the color of the leaves is lost. Direct sunlight should be avoided. In winter, plants should not be placed close to window panes;
- Mulenbekia (Muehlenbeckia) Is a photophilous plant, but a hot midday sun can kill it;
- Nephrolepis (Nephrolepis) - can grow in quite dark places, but the bush will be liquid and ugly;
- Ostyanka, or Oplismenus (Oplismenus) - Oplismenus is a rather shade-tolerant plant, but it is better to keep it in diffused light;
- Serpentine, or Ophiopogon (Ophiopogon) - unpretentious to the light mode, it feels great both in intensive sunlight, and in a shaded place;
- Ivy, or Heder (Hedera) - Ivy does not tolerate direct sunlight, but (especially variegated forms) prefers a well-lit place, and do not like changes in location in relation to the light source. Ivy green varieties can be attributed to shade-tolerant, but still it is desirable to provide him with a bright place. In winter, you need a lighter location;
- Fittonia (Fittonia) - partial shade, in bright light and in a too dark place, the color of the leaves fades. Protect from direct sunlight. In winter, plants should not be placed close to window panes.
Light shade plants that require backlighting
- Brunfelsia (Brunfelsia) - Brunfelsia prefer diffuse shadow, at the same time it is noted that in the open ground culture in a humid climate, some species (B. pauciflora) develop well in the sun and in partial shade;
- Calathea (Calathea) - although calatheas are not as whimsical as arrowroots in relation to air humidity, they also prefer high humidity. Also, plants do not tolerate temperature extremes. Ideal accommodation for calatheas - closed flower window;
- Cordilina (Cordyline) - a bright place, partial shade, does not tolerate direct sunlight. Many consider cordilina, like dracaena, a shade-loving plant, but in fact in a dark place it will lag behind in growth and become smaller. Good growth and development requires intense light. If there is enough light in the summer, then in winter the cordilines must be rearranged closer to the window, since in winter there is usually always not enough light;
- Privet (Ligustrum) - ligustrum will adapt to any conditions of detention. Ligustrum loves the sun, but grows well in partial shade;
- Maranta (Maranta) - the leaves have the ability to change their direction: the leaf blades under favorable conditions are located almost horizontally, and with a lack of lighting or other adverse conditions rise up and fold together;
- Monstera (Monstera) - does not tolerate direct sunlight. Many believe that the monstera is shady and put her in the darkest corner - this is not right. In fact, the monstera is shade-tolerant, and the best place for it is where there is bright but scattered light or light partial shade.
- Large-leaved podocarp, or Large-leaved legume (Podocarpus macrophyllus) - withstand shade, although, like any normal plant, prefers good lighting;
- Peperomia (Peperomia) - species of peperomia with dark green leaves grow in light partial shade, variegated species are more photophilous. In winter, good lighting is required, otherwise the leaves begin to fade and lose their color, so by winter, rearrange the peperomia closer to the window;
- Strawberry (Pittosporum) - can tolerate shading, but in this case it blooms worse;
- Syngonium (Syngonium) - species of syngonium with dark green leaves tolerate light penumbra, variegated varieties are more photophilous;
- Yew capitate (Cephalotaxus) - an evergreen columnar shrub, strictly vertical, slightly branched, with very densely spaced branches, more funnel-shaped or rounded-barrel-shaped with age, resembles a dark green, columnar yew with rough scales; grows slowly;
- Fatsia (Fatsia) - tolerates partial shade, in winter it requires good lighting;
- Philodendron (Philodendron) - representatives of the genus are climbing creepers, creepers with woody or semi-herbaceous branches and shoots, as well as long aerial roots;
- Hamedorea, or "bamboo palm" (Chamaedorea) - prefers bright diffused light, tolerates some shade. It can tolerate a small amount of direct sunlight, in the summer, a palm tree shade from them;
- Cissus (Cissus) - Antarctic and colorful cissuses do not tolerate direct sun and can grow in a shaded place, but the place near the east or west window is especially suitable for them;
- Eucharis (Eucharis) - during the flowering period - a wonderful solitary plant that can decorate shelving in the office, bookshelves in the office, bedside table, coffee table and even a bathroom (of course, with a window). During periods of dormancy, its succulent dark green leaves will be a great backdrop for a composition of potted plants. In the winter garden, eucharis is best placed under the canopy of large plants;
- Ficus (Ficus) - stable in indoor conditions, suitable for residential and office buildings, winter gardens. Ficus trees are very beautiful in the interior. Climbing and creeping showy in hanging ceramic vases. Grow fast, relatively light-heavy.
I would be glad if you share your experience, observations about those plants that could be grown in the shaded areas of apartments.