Apple tree slender columns
Column-shaped apple trees were first discovered in America about 30 years ago. But since then, breeders in many countries have been working with them, because columnar apple trees - that is, without side branches - are very convenient.
Here are their benefits in our cold climate:
- Each gardener wants to have more different varieties with a limited area of the site. And if ordinary apple trees need to be planted at a distance of 4-6 meters from each other, then columnar trees should be planted at a distance of 40 cm to 1.2 m. That is, several times more varieties will enter the same area.
- In the frosty winter, they have a chance to survive, as there are more apple trees. In addition, they can simply be wrapped with insulation, or covered with a warm cap for the winter - therefore, have more southerly larger varieties on your site.
- It is much more convenient to process, monitor their health and harvest. In large farms, mechanized harvesting and gardening are possible.
- Column-shaped apple trees yield in the second year, and ordinary ones in the fifth.
- Such a garden pays off much faster.
There are varieties with side branches. But if you want only one trunk - they need to be deleted. Otherwise, they will look like a pyramidal poplar. Their side branches grow at an acute angle up. And if you buy a seedling with a well-developed root system and a height of 70-80cm, it can yield a crop in the first year. Column-shaped apple trees need fertilizing and fertilizing. And in watering - much less than ordinary apple trees. Only in the drought.