Kazura Japanese - a rarity of the room
Brilliant in every sense, attractive in its exoticism and surprisingly bright - this is how Kazura appears at the peak of its decorativeness. This is one of the most original ampelous cultures that can be found only in modern interiors. And one of the most difficult in nature. It is not easy to grow a mysterious Japanese woman, and her requirements for winter temperatures are not quite typical. It is difficult to find another plant with an equally bright oriental character. In terms of these indicators, kazura is comparable to rhododendrons.
- Japanese liana with luxurious foliage
- Caring for Japanese Kazura at home
- Diseases and pests
- Kazura propagation
Japanese liana with luxurious foliage
Kazuru is rightly ranked among the most exotic ampelous cultures. This is one of the rarest indoor plants to meet which is on sale - a great success. But low popularity with us does not detract from the beauty of kazura itself: after all, a decorative-flowering plant conquers at first sight even long before flowering - with the beauty of its glossy, non-standardly colored foliage on flexible shoots.
Kadsura or Kazura (Kadsura) - representative of the family Limonnikovyh (Schisandraceae) of the Magnoliferous order. It is easy to guess the relationship of the plant from its unusual picturesqueness and clearly Japanese charm. In nature, this plant is found in the subtropics and is traditionally associated with the flora of Japan, although you can admire the spectacular vine in China and India. With the need to recreate not at all simple climatic conditions of the motherland, all the difficulties in growing Kazura are also connected.
Despite the fact that in nature, Kazura is not at all a mono-species, in room culture there is one single plant of 20 species - kazura japanese (Kadsura japonica) This is not the largest, but the most spectacular representative of the genus.
Gorgeous curly evergreen creepers, which are attractive and greens, and flowering - these are rare in our country, but deserving much more popular Kazuras. The branches of this plant are not only elegant, they branch well enough, are capable of reaching three meters in length, but also show off with their interesting bark.
The reddish-purple young twigs gradually change color to green, and the bark seems to only emphasize the glossy sheen of the leaves of the plant. It is impossible to speak about the green of Kazura otherwise than the classical one. Elliptical, tapering at the ends, but not too pointed, up to 10 cm long, with a whole or coarse-edged edge, spectacular leathery leaves seem unusually beautiful. A shiny dark upper side and a matte light back underline the charm of the plant, as well as reddish petioles, the length of which is usually equal to the length of the leaves.
But the plant prepared the main surprise for the second half of the year: the closer to autumn, the more scarlet from petioles makes its way to leaf plates, the leaves gradually turn purple, creating a watercolor crown with amazing nuances of color. Kazur, of course, reaches the peak of decorativeness during flowering. But her crown is very beautiful - massive, ornamental, impressive and majestic - the kazura will decorate the interior at any time of the year.
Japanese kazura flowers are solitary, but this does not detract from the beauty of its flowering as a whole. They bloom in the axils of the leaves, are distinguished by their unique meatiness and unusual color, similar to a watercolor miracle. This is a dioecious plant, either female or male flowers bloom on the vine, moreover, they can be recognized only by close stamens of male flowers and pestles collected “into a bundle” of female flowers.
Touching miniature buds that transform into attractive white, yellowish or red-orange “fleshy” flowers with a diameter of up to 2 cm, and then (when growing two plants) - into bright berries, emphasize the picturesque nature of the plant. Berry-like fruits of multi-shoots with a diameter of only 0.5 cm look almost like artificial beads, sparkling with their red, saturated color. During flowering, kazura will pleasantly surprise you with a delicate, but very pleasant aroma. And the berries of this plant are not only beautiful, but also edible (and even healing).
In addition to ordinary kazur with dark leaves, variegated - variegate - forms and varieties are found on sale, on the leaves of which bright white, cream or yellow spots appear.
Caring for Japanese Kazura at home
Japanese Kazura is not the most popular of the vines, but certainly one of the fastest growing and special. If you provide her with a cool wintering, then she can become one of the most spectacular giants in the room collection. She needs a care systemic, but not extremely complex. This liana is suitable even for beginner gardeners, it will delight you with a change of colors, and the beauty of the leaves, and flowering, and even fruiting. True, for the latter you will have to start a couple of plants.
Lighting for japanese kazura
Delicate and sensitive, Kazura needs soft lighting. It should be protected from shading, and from direct sunlight. Diffused, but bright lighting on the eastern and western windowsills is ideal. When choosing illumination, it should be remembered that in nature, kazura mainly lives in forests, therefore it is diffused lighting that is most comfortable for it.
The main difficulties in growing this indoor plant are associated with a cool wintering. Kazura cannot winter in normal room conditions, almost all the leaves will dry on her, and the shoots will be bare and extended. The maximum allowable air temperature for it in the winter is only 13 degrees. Optimum performance for wintering is 10-12 degrees.
But even during the active phase of development, in spring and summer, kazura does not respond well to heat. Restrained, close to 18-20 degrees of temperature will be the most comfortable for this vine.
Watering and humidity
Japanese Kazura needs very careful watering. This vine is very sensitive to waterlogging, and too generous watering can become a significant stress for the plant. But drought does not have the best effect on the decorativeness of the plant, although it is tolerated more easily than dampness. Watering is carried out not too abundantly, evenly moistening the soil, but not over-moistening it. Control the frequency of watering by drying the soil in the upper layer.
In winter, in cool temperatures, watering for kazura should be especially careful, it is necessary to check before each procedure how the substrate dries. Usually, following the recommendations on winter temperatures in Kazur, one watering in 2-3 weeks is enough, but a specific frequency is set only individually.
Like all plants come from a warmer and wetter climate, kazura will prefer high or at least medium air humidity. The more temperatures go beyond the optimal range, the higher should be the humidity. It is not necessary to install humidifier devices or their artisanal analogues for kazura: the plant is quite content with the usual sprayings in spring and summer. But for this you can use only warm water.
Fertilizers for Japanese kazura
During the period of active growth, which usually lasts from May to September for this vine, not very frequent dressings are carried out for the plant. The optimal strategy is 1 dressing in 15-20 days, a standard portion of fertilizers recommended by the manufacturer.
For kazura, despite the status of decorative flowering culture, they do not use special fertilizers for flowering plants, but complex, universal mixtures or fertilizers for decorative and deciduous crops with a high content of trace elements.
For this, fertilizing plants are carried out only in liquid form, long-acting fertilizers cannot be used.
Trimming and tying
Kazuru is most often grown in ampel form or in containers on stands that allow spectacular plants to form cascades. But this does not mean that it can not be grown in ordinary pots. Provided that reliable supports are installed, kazuru can be formed at your discretion, giving it certain contours or simply tying the lashes to create a spectacular vertical.
Trimming Kazura is a very simple procedure. The plant blooms on the shoots of the current year, the shoots branch and independently form a beautiful crown. To achieve a more beautiful flowering, it is enough to shorten all branches by 1-2 eyes each spring to stimulate a more active growth.
Kazuru is rejuvenated or shaped as needed. If the plants dry, damage, or shoots are pulled out, then they are cut to healthy tissues or healthy leaves. The plant does not need cardinal rejuvenation.
Transplant and substrate
Almost any high-quality substrate is suitable for Japanese kazura - universal, permeable, not rough in texture. If the soil is mixed independently, then it is possible to combine equal parts of leaf, sod and humus soil with sand.
Liana is developing quite actively, quickly mastering the substrate available to her, so it is best to transplant kazura annually. Transplantation is carried out at any convenient time in the spring, but before the start of active growth. If the plant is old and massive, then instead of transplanting, it is possible to replace the top layer of the soil, but still less than once every 2-3 years, Kazuru is undesirable to transplant.
When transplanting to the bottom of the containers, a high layer of drainage must be laid. For this, plants use coarse-grained drainage (shards, expanded clay, brick chips). The level of deepening of the root neck is maintained the same. Whenever possible, an earthen lump around the roots is left intact, removing only loose and contaminated soil.
Diseases and pests
This rare Japanese woman can boast of her enviable stability. True, gray rot is found on kazur, but even for such a defeat, you need to seriously start the plant and allow constant misses with watering. If gray rot hit the roots and shoots, then the plant needs an emergency transplant with partial cleaning and treatment with fungicides of the roots and cutting out damaged aerial parts. After processing, kazuru is quarantined with limited watering until growth is restored.
Pests on this vine are very rare. If the plant was damaged as a result of infection of the entire collection, then the rhinestone fight begins with insecticides, and then preventive treatments are carried out for several years.
This amazing ampelous plant is mainly propagated by cuttings, but you can get your little kazura from seeds.
For cuttings, semi-lignified shoots are used, cutting off the top up to a length of 15 cm. Lower leaves must be removed. Kazura cuttings are treated with a growth accelerator, and are not rooted in an ordinary substrate, but in vermiculite — a mixture of equal parts of a substrate and vermiculite or peat and sand. The soil before deepening the cuttings is disinfected and moistened with warm water. Cuttings are buried by 2-3 cm. Branches can take root only at a stable high temperature from 22 to 25 degrees Celsius and under a cap.
It is easier to grow kazuru seeds if you remove the not fully ripened berries. Purchased seeds are characterized by low germination. Sowing is carried out immediately after collection, in any universal substrate, covering the seeds from above with a thin layer of soil. Germination is carried out under a film or glass, with constant soil moisture. After the appearance of a pair of true leaves, young plants are transferred to individual pots and grown under a hood: leaves fall off from dry air and unstable conditions. The plant is sensitive to soil compaction, therefore, when caring for it, they do not forget about loosening the soil.