Quince and a little about grades
Quince belongs to pome fruit crops. The fruits of garden quince are large, contain from 10 to 70 seeds. Quince is propagated by cuttings, inoculation, root offspring, sometimes seeds. The fruiting age of quince is 3-4 years. It belongs to very moisture-loving crops. Quince root system penetrates shallow into the soil, therefore, with insufficient irrigation, the quality of the fruit deteriorates sharply. They become small, hard, with a lot of stony cells. Quince is inferior to pear in frost resistance. Since the tree blooms late, it is not afraid of spring frosts.
Quince fruits are used mainly for processing, since they are not edible in fresh form. The advantages of quince include a high content of vitamins, a very large fruit size, the average weight of which is 1 - 2 kg. In gardens, quince is used as a dwarf stock for pears.
In cultural quince, there are three varieties that have different shapes of fruits. It is apple-shaped, pear-shaped, Portuguese.
For cultivation in regions with a warm climate, as well as in greenhouses, the following varieties are used.
Japonica. Another name is Henomeles. Originally from Japan. Shrub form, grows up to 3 m, a very photophilous variety. Less demanding on moisture and soil quality than other varieties. Fruits are smaller than other varieties and ordinary varieties of garden quince, average weight up to 70 g, yellowish-green color. Use them for processing.
Abundant Crimean. Variety of folk selection. Due to the relative winter hardiness, it can be grown in gardens, but better - in sheltered ground. The trees are medium-sized, the fruiting age is 3 to 4 years. The average weight of the fruit is 300 g, the color is lemon yellow, the pulp is dense, and is perfect for processing. The variety refers to self-infertile.
Crimean fragrant. The variety was bred at Nikitsky Botanical. The trees are vigorous, fruiting age is 2 - 4 years. The average weight of the fruit is 300 g, the color is lemon yellow, the flesh is juicy, sour. The tree is relatively frost-resistant, but flowers can be damaged by spring frosts. The variety refers to self-fertile.
World. Variety obtained in the Crimea. The trees are medium-sized, the fruiting age is 2 - 4 years. The variety is relatively winter-hardy, has a high regular yield. The average weight of the fruit is 500 - 600 g, excellent for canning. The variety refers to self-fertile.
An excellent pupil. The trees are medium-sized, the fruiting age is 3 years. The variety is relatively winter-hardy. Refers to self-fertile.
Portuguese. Variety of low winter hardiness, trees are vigorous, fruiting age is 4 years. The average weight of the fruit is 300 - 400 g, the pulp is yellow, tart. The variety is great for canning. Refers to pure self-fertile.