Tillandsia - a variety of atmospheric beauties
Tillandsia is a rather rare plant, most of which are epiphytes or aerophytes, in which all organs are in the air and receive moisture and nutrients necessary for life from the air. Despite the difficulties of growing, they are quite popular as beautiful interior decorations that can be attached to various supports and surfaces. The remaining species of tillandsia are more familiar, they need soil and are planted in pots like ordinary ornamental plants.
Tillandsia (Tillandsia) is a genus of herbaceous plants of the Bromeliad family, numbering about 700 species, common in tropical and subtropical regions of America (Argentina, Chile, Central America, Mexico, the southern states of the USA).
Tillandsia are found in the most diverse climatic zones: savannahs, in marshy areas, in the semi-desert and even in the highlands. Therefore, the external characteristics and growing conditions for different species are very different.
In “atmospheric” tillandsia, they are scaly-shaped, which extract moisture from the air and absorb nutrients. Tillandsia grows well in the humid conditions of the greenhouse, but many types of plants are quite compact and hardy, they can be grown at home. The scales of the leaves, reflecting the light, give the plant a light colored appearance.
Popular types of tillandsia
Tillandsia silver (Tillandsia argentea) Its narrow filiform leaves emerge from the base of the bulb. Inflorescences are friable, consisting of small red flowers. Flowers appear in the summer.
Tillandsia "Jellyfish Head" (Tillandsia caput-medusae) Bent, swirling thick leaves at the base - bulbs swollen and enlarged. In the summer, red flowers with blue bracts are formed.
Tillandsia violet (Tillandsia ionantha) Silver curved leaves create compact rosettes. In summer, when small spike-shaped inflorescences of blue-violet color appear, the inner leaves of the rosettes turn red.
Tillandsia Sitnikova (Tillandsia juncea) Reed-like leaves are bundled. Bent outward, they form a bushy and thick rosette.
Tillandsia is unshaped (Tillandsia usneoides) Leaves of a cylindrical shape about five centimeters long are located on flowing thin stems. They form a whole cascade of shoots. In summer, blooms inconspicuous yellowish-green flowers.
In everyday life, Tillandsia is said to be aseiform - Spanish or Louisiana moss, or Spanish beard
Tillandsia, which are grown as ordinary flowering plants, differ in appearance from amospheric ones. Despite their small root system, they are still planted in pots. So u tillandsia blue (Tillandsia cyanea) - The rosette consists of narrow, grassy leaves. At the base, they are red-brown, and brown-striped in length.
In summer, a flattened elliptical spike appears on the plant, along the edges of which pink bracts are located, from which later reddish-blue flowers very similar to violets appear.
Tillandsia home care
In winter, the air temperature for atmospheric tillandsia should not be lower than 13 degrees, and for flowering - at least 18 degrees. Plants should be sprayed regularly, especially atmospheric ones. If possible, then use additional methods to create moisture around the plant.
Lighting should be intense. Avoid direct sunlight in summer. But atmospheric tillandsia can withstand low light.
They feed plants by spraying with fertilizer solutions, and potted plants can also be irrigated. Top dressing is produced during their active growth.
Atmospheric tillandsia are wired to pieces of wood or to any suitable support. Plants propagate by offspring.