Mokritsa - medicinal weather forecaster
Mokritsa is considered a malicious weed, which is extremely difficult to fight when it gets to the summer cottage, in vegetable gardens and gardens. But not everyone knows how useful, decorative and interesting this plant is. The presence of wood lice among forage grasses contributes to an increase in milk yield in goats and cows. It is used in the textile industry for dyeing wool in blue. In early spring, it is suitable for preparing salads and seasonings, as well as for feeding birds and small animals, which we now partially plant in summer cottages. Mokritsa is a good honey plant, but it could find its best application in wellness and medical practice.
Mokrice commonly called plant species Asterisk medium (Stellaria media) - a species of plants of the genus Zvezdchatka (Stellaria) clove family (Caryophyllaceae).
Description of wood lice
Woodlouse, asterisk medium (Stellaria media) Is an annual herbaceous plant of the clove family. Also known among the people under the names: hernia, cardiac grass.
Medium asterisk - an annual herb from the clove family. The root is thin, the stems are weak, branched, tender and rooting, length from 10 to 30 cm. Leaves are opposite, ovate, whole, upper ones are sessile, lower ones are petiolate. Woodlice flowers on long pedicels, small, located in the axils of the upper leaves. The fruit of the lice is an oblong capsule. Because of the flowers resembling small stars, the plant received one of its names - asterisk. It blooms from May to September. It grows like a weed, on moist soils - on vegetable gardens, fields, along river banks, on forest edges, along ditches and ravines.
Location: Wood lice grows better in semi-shaded places on loose rather rich and moist soil.
Breeding: division of the bush and seeds, sowing which is carried out in the winter or in March-April. After two pickings, wood lice seedlings are planted in open ground at a distance of 4-5 cm between plants.
Using: Wood lice is a very unpretentious plant used in carpet flower beds as a background for the formation of white or yellow lawns.
An interesting fact about wood lice
Mokrica has the amazing ability to predict the weather, as it is very sensitive to fluctuations in temperature and humidity. In the old days, this plant barometer predicted the weather in the near future. If until 9 o’clock in the morning the corolla of the flower did not rise and did not open, then in the afternoon it would be raining. And after the rain, the plant becomes crystalline, as it were, thanks to the stems that are full of water, which shine in the sun. From here, probably, comes its popular name - wood lice.
How to deal with wood lice in the area?
The woodlouse blooms throughout the warm season. From spring to autumn it gives 2-3 generations. It can reproduce vegetatively. When seeds germinate in autumn, the plant hibernates and completes its development the following year. Even the most severe frosts are not afraid of him.
In early spring, adult plants, those that went under the snow, bloom. In less than a month they give seeds, which immediately germinate and after a month and a half, in turn, give seeds. In spring, seeds that overwintered in the soil also spring. Their plants usually bloom in May. And so race one generation after another, wood lice grows from April to October. Over the summer, if it is not timely destroyed, the weed can completely cover the surface of the site.
The green scourge is especially dangerous for those gardeners and gardeners who are not struggling with it or are not able to fight. For example, a person will uproot grass and leave it in the garden. Woodlouse is exceptionally tenacious and, if the soil is moist, the grass, even torn to pieces, takes root and grows.
The soil is so clogged with its seeds that it is only necessary to cross the top layer, as new generations of plants climb out of the ground. According to scientists, in the earth, wood lice seeds do not lose their germination until 30 years old! Therefore, the grass must be uprooted before it gives seeds. Stems should be taken out of the site or in the very corner, where they should be stacked in compost heaps.
Woodlouse settles exclusively on soils that have an acidic and strongly acidic reaction. If they are deoxidized to a neutral pH, then the weeds will simply disappear. Liming is best done in the fall, and in the spring use chalk or cement dust and subsequently select fertilizers that do not acidify the soil for the garden.
Thorough treatment of the site, crop rotation, fertilizing with seasoned manure will help the gardener not to provoke the active development of this weed on his site.
Yes, wood lice, quite justifiably, is considered one of the worst weeds, but besides this, it is very useful, and some types of asterisks are very decorative.
Genus Asterisk (Stellaria) contains about 120 species of plants that are distributed almost everywhere, mainly in the cold and moderately warm countries of both hemispheres, as well as in the mountainous regions of the subtropics and tropics.
Fork sprocket - Stellaria dichotoma
Siberia, Far East, Mongolia. In the mountain-steppe zone it rises to 2050 m, along rocky, well-warmed slopes, screes, in rock crevices, at rock outcrops, granite screes, sand dunes, gravelly gravels of dried up channels, in desert steppes, pine forest-steppe.
Perennial with a thick (5-15 mm thick) vertical root. Stems 10-30 cm tall, stiff, sticky from dense glandular pubescence and with long simple hairs, rarely almost bare, usually cylindrical or in the upper part slightly ribbed, dichotomously branched from the base, forming spherical bushes. Leaves (0.5) 1-2.5 cm in length, 1-8 (10) mm in width, from heart-ovate to elliptic, spiky, with a short spine at the apex, glandular pubescent or bare, sessile.
The flowers are numerous, in a complex, almost one-sided dichasia, on long stiff glandular pubescent bent pedicels, bracts grassy. Sepals 4-5 mm long, 1.5-2 mm wide, pointed, narrow-lanceolate, glandular pubescent, green, very narrow-fringed. Petals slightly longer than or equal to calyx, incised 1 / 2-1 / 3. Anthers yellow or white, approx. 0.5 mm long. Box about 3 mm in diameter, shorter than calyx, spherical-ovate, 2-3-seed.
Seeds are 2 mm long, almost black, oval, slightly tuberous in a mature state and distinctly tuberous in a young state, especially along the back.
Stellaria cereal - Stellaria graminea
It grows almost throughout the country, except Transcaucasia.
Creeping perennial with branched, tetrahedral stems 10-40 cm tall. The leaves are opposite, linearly lanceolate or lanceolate, up to 4 cm long, ciliate along the edge. The inflorescence is spreading, multi-flowered. It blooms all summer. The fruit is an oblong box. Toxic.
In culture, a golden form with yellow flowers is usually used. The natural form is very aggressive.
Stellate lanceolate or stiff-leaved - Stellaria holostea
Distributed in Europe, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, Iran and Western Siberia. It grows in deciduous, coniferous and coniferous-deciduous forests on fairly fertile soil.
Perennial herb with a creeping thin branched rhizome. Stems up to 15-40 cm tall, tetrahedral, uplifting, smooth brittle. Leaves sessile, narrow-lanceolate, acute 4-7 cm long, sharply roughened along the edge. The flowers are white in loose paniculate inflorescence up to 1.5-2 cm in diameter with up to half bifid petals. It blooms in May-June for 15-20 days. The fruits ripen in June-July. The plant is characterized by high vegetative mobility due to its high speed and long growth. Adults can grow in breadth to a distance of 1 m per season.
The lanceolate asterisk is used to decorate large spots among trees in places where the sun's rays glide from time to time. It quickly fills the free space, has beautiful dark green leaves that go green in the winter, but usually die off during the winter. The plant is spectacular during flowering due to the abundance of fairly large flowers.
The healing properties of woodlice
Mokrica has pronounced anti-inflammatory, hypotensive (aimed at lowering blood pressure), antianginal properties; moderate choleretic and diuretic.
As an antianginal agent, asterisk medium increases blood flow to the heart, while reducing its oxygen demand, which is extremely necessary for the prevention or relief (removal) of angina attacks. The basis of this property is due to the presence of flavonoids in combination with ascorbic acid and vitamin E coronary-expanding and antihypoxic effects of stellate.
The use of wood lice in medicine
In medicine, wood lice, or medium starlet, are used raw, in the form of infusion and broth.
Fresh grass of woodlice is used to treat chronic liver diseases, cholelithiasis and urolithiasis, and inflammatory diseases of the bronchi and lungs. The infusion prepared from it is prescribed for the treatment of hypertensive heart disease, especially in the initial stage, with coronary artery disease. The juice of the plants is washed by inflamed eyes. Broth is drunk with aches in the bones and cough.
Use wood lice for therapeutic and prophylactic baths. It is good to add nettle, chamomile, leaves of mountain ash, black currant, viburnum, birch, burdock and other herbs to such bathtubs, so that the bathtubs have a hygienic and restorative effect on skin metabolism.
Dressings made of steamed grass or with a decoction are recommended externally for rheumatism, radiculitis, wounds and acne.
1 tbsp. a spoonful of raw material is poured with 1 glass of boiling water, insisted for 30 minutes, filtered through 2-3 layers of gauze, squeezed and adjusted to the original volume. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day before meals.
2 tbsp. tablespoons of raw materials are poured with 1 cup of hot water, boiled in a water bath for 30-40 minutes, filtered hot and adjusted to the original volume.
The nutritional value
They use fresh stellate grass in their food, from which cabbage soup, mashed potatoes, seasonings, salads and pie fillings are prepared.
In its raw form, asterisk is best used in salads, combining it with watercress, young dandelion and radish.
We wish you good health!