September. Folk calendar
The astronomical beginning of autumn - September 22 (23) - the day of the autumnal equinox, the end - December 21 (22) - the winter solstice. Forecasters and agronomists consider the beginning of autumn from the period of stable transition of the average daily air temperature below 10 ° C heat - on average from September 15. Phenologists attribute the beginning of autumn to the time of the first frost and the beginning of leaf fall - August 26, the end is associated with the establishment of a solid snow cover. The first to drop a leaf are linden, birch, elm, bird cherry, aspen.
Autumn duration 93 days: from August 26 to November 27.
Consists of four phenological seasons.
Beginning of autumn — 29 days: from August 26 to September 24.
Golden autumn — 21 day: from September 24 to October 15.
Deep autumn — 8 days: from October 15 to October 23.
Pre-winter — 35 days: from October 23 to November 27.
The upcoming fall was judged as follows:
- If ripe oats turn green another time, autumn will be rainy.
- Yellow leaves appear untimely on the trees - by early autumn.
- If there is little tenet, wild geese sit down, and starlings do not fly off - autumn will be long and dry. (Tenitnik - small spiders flying on the web)
- A lot of snarling for Indian summer - to a clear autumn and a cold winter.
- The web spreads over the plants - to heat.
- Autumn tenet - on clear weather, on a bucket.
- There is a lot of mountain ash in the forest - the autumn will be rainy, but if not enough - dry.
- If the cranes fly high, slowly, and "talk" - there will be a good autumn.
- Thunder in September portends a warm autumn.
- While the leaf from the cherries has not fallen, no matter how much snow falls, a thaw will drive it away.
A lot of rains:
- Autumn is coming and it is raining.
- Spring rain from the clouds, autumn rain from the ash.
- Spring rain grows, autumn rain rots.
- Spring rain soars, and in the fall it’s wet.
According to the signs of autumn, winter was judged:
- Wet summers and warm autumn - to a long winter.
- A lot of acorns on the oak - to the fierce winter.
- If the leaf does not fall cleanly from the tree, it will be a cold winter.
- If the leaf fall passes soon, we should expect a cool winter.
- Late leaf fall - to a harsh and long winter.
- It will be a severe winter, if the bird together went flying away.
- In autumn, birds fly low - to a cold, high - to a warm winter.
- Large ant heaps from autumn - to severe winter.
- The emergence of mosquitoes in late autumn - to a mild winter.
- If the protein until Pokrov (October 14) is cleanly faded, then winter will be good.
- Moles and mice make large reserves - to a harsh and snowy winter.
- If a mouse pops a nest in flax, then in winter there will be big snow.
- If mice tear holes to the warm side (south), then winter will be harsh.
- Hens begin to molt early in the fall - to a warm winter.
- Bees in autumn fall more densely with lettuce wax - for a cold winter, leave it open - for a warm winter.
Among the ancient Romans, September was the seventh month of the year and was called septem, which means seven. After the calendar reform carried out by Julius Caesar in 46 BC. e., September herd of the ninth month, but did not change its name.
The ancient Russian name for September is howler (from a roar during the rut of moose, deer). Another nickname is heather (heather blooms at this time). In the Ukrainian, Belarusian and Polish languages, September is now called Veresen. In the people this month is called differently: deciduous, goldflower, autumn blush, evening of the year, frown (early twilight).
The average air temperature is 10 °, with fluctuations from 32 ° (1890) to minus 8.5 ° (1881). Average September has 15 days with a temperature of 18 °, five days 15 °, nine days 11 °, one day over 25 °. In the autumn, a nice summer time lasts about 40 days. Precipitation is 57 mm with fluctuations from 7 mm (1882) to 171 mm (1885).
In September - Indian summer from September 14 to 21. The drier and warmer September, the later winter will come.
September Seasonal Events Calendar
|Rooks gather in packs||September 3rd||July 26 (1905)||September 26 (1904)|
|The first frost on the soil||4 September||August 14 (1897)||October 8 (1890)|
|The years of the autumn web begin||4 September||August 2 (1937)||October 15 (1953)|
|Last thunderstorm||12-th of September||August 20 (1931)||October 13 (1970)|
|Air temperature transition below 10 °||September 15th||—||—|
|Leaf fall begins:|
|maple tree||September 14th||August 23 (1928)||September 26 (1936)|
|hazel (hazel)||September 15th||September 1 (1921)||September 25 (1929)|
|aspens||September 19th||September 5 (1923)||October 1 (1938)|
|Full leaf fall:|
|bird cherry||September 22nd||September 15 (1923)||October 4 (1938)|
|limes||September 24th||August 31 (1938)||October 14 (1940)|
|The first freeze in the air||September 24th||August 31 (1885)||October 21 (1923)|
|Autumn span of cranes||September 27||August 14 (1912)||October 21 (1964)|
Popular proverbs and signs of September
- September - zarevnik, frown: cold and siverko.
- In September, the leaf does not hold on the tree.
- In September, the forest is less frequent and the bird's voice is quieter.
- In September, one berry, and then a bitter mountain ash.
- In September, a fur coat stretches for a caftan.
- Chilled father-September, but feed much.
- In September, the earth dresses up in green.
- In September, the tit requests autumn to visit.
- September is the time of mushrooms, mushrooms, saffron milk cap.
- Thunder in September portends a warm autumn.
- A lot of cobwebs for Indian summer - to a clear autumn, to a cold winter.
- Leaf fall is coming soon - the winter will be cold.
- While the leaf from the cherries has not fallen, the snow that has fallen melts.
Detailed folk calendar for September
September 1 - Stratilate-warm.
- Father Yuga blew wind on oats.
September 5th - Luppa-lingonberry day. Lingonberry matures, flaxes ripen, serious frost sets in.
- If the lingonberry ripened - and the oats “dropped” (ripened).
6 September - Evtikhiev day. The day should be quiet, calm, otherwise flaxseed will sprinkle.
September 7th - Titov day.
- Tit last mushroom grows.
- Mushrooms with mushrooms, and threshing is not behind him, because on this day they say: "Titus, he went to thresh."
8 September - Natalya-fescue, autumn Peter and Pavel-mountain ash. Mowing oats: "Oats will not grow - you reel up to tears." They ripped off the mountain ash and hung the brushes under the roof.
11 September - Ivan is a lean, flight pilot. The real summer finally ends and the Indian (old) summer begins - from September 12-14. On this day did not eat a modest.
- Ivan the Lent came, stole the red summer.
- Ivan the Lenten - autumn godfather.
- A man without a caftan doesn’t leave Ivan lean.
- Ivan the Baptist drives a bird over the sea far.
- A day after Ivan (September 13), late potatoes are being dug.
September 13th - Kupriyan's day. Crane fly.
- On Kupriyanov’s day, the cranes are about to persuade the swamplands to keep a way to fly to warm waters.
September 14th - Semen the flight attendant. The first meeting of the fall. In pre-Petrine Russia, the New Year began on September 1 (September 14) at Semyon Day. The completion of many field work was timed to coincide with this day: "on Semyon-day before lunch this-pasha, and after lunch on a plowman walki wave." They didn’t remove the ears of corn - consider them missing. The beginning of the present (old) Indian summer. It lasts only one week - from September 14 to September 21.
- Semyon-conductor young Indian woman sees off the summer, and the old - leads.
- It’s clear on Semyon Day — Indian summers are warm.
- If the first day of Indian summer is clear, then autumn will be warm.
- Indian summer is inclement - autumn will be dry.
- There are a lot of shadows on the Semenov Falls - the fall will be long and dry.
- Dry autumn, if the seeds are dry.
16 of September - Domna. On Domna women clean up all the junk in the house.
September 17th - Vavila. The pitchfork is celebrated on Babylon, lying in vain (idle).
September 19th - Michael. The first Mikhailovsky frosts. The day was shortened by 5 hours.
September 20 - Bows day. The second meeting of the fall. On this day in the villages began to trade onions.
- Bow and bath all rule.
September 24th- Cornelius, Fedor. Every summer is over. From this day on, “the root in the earth does not grow, but chills.”
September 27 - Exaltation, the third meeting of the fall. The first winters. Cut cabbage. On Exaltation, the first lady is cabbage. Youth on such an occasion started a party - a skit, in the villages gatherings began.
- The shift will shift the heat, and the cold will push.
- Exaltation - the last cart from the field moved, and the bird went into flight.
- Exaltation - a fur coat with a zipoon moved. From this day the bear lies in the den, and the snakes hibernate.
September 28th - "Husseprolet Hussar." Pull turnips, shear sheep.
- The women did not doze off on the day of reporters.
- Geese are flying - they are dragging the winter on the tail.
September is the beginning of autumn. After the first freeze, usually in the second decade, leaf fall begins.
Flowering plants and fruit ripening continue. In water plants - the formation of winter buds.
The grass turns yellow, but chicory still continues to bloom, mountain ash - tansy, in the fields - pansies, buckwheat.
There are butterfish, mushrooms, honey mushrooms, ceps and other mushrooms. Opal nuts and acorns are a holiday for squirrels, jays, water rats, mice, which prepare supplies for the winter; Bear, boars, and moose regale themselves with them.
The flight continues to the south of city swallows, ducks, waders. The flight to the south of the osprey begins. In the middle of September the departure of curlews, lapwings, quails, turukhtans. The flight of cranes is usually delayed until the first frost. High in the clear sky they have training overflights.
- V.D. Groshev. Calendar of the Russian farmer (National signs)