Familiar Stranger Dieffenbach
Dieffenbachia is, without exaggeration, one of the most popular indoor plants. But while at the end of the last century, Dieffenbachia seemed outdated and not fashionable, today it is indispensable. Large, sloppy, prone to degeneration and overgrowing dieffenbachia of the old varieties, have long replaced fashionable novelties with improved tillering, original patterns on the leaves and a variety of sizes of leaf plates. The transformation of Dieffenbachia into a motley star, fortunately, did not affect its lack of whims and ease of cultivation.
- New Career Room Dieffenbach
- Home care for dieffenbachia
- Dieffenbachia transplant and substrate
- Diseases and pests of dieffenbachia
- Reproduction of Dieffenbachia
New Career Room Dieffenbach
The popularity of Dieffenbachia even today, when the choice of decorative-leafy stars is almost unlimited, does not decrease, but only grows. The plant, which has become mandatory in almost every home, office interior and public institution, has come a long way in selection and experimentation in order to appear in a transformed form in the new millennium. Dieffenbachia is diverse and beautiful. But they were first of all loved for their complaisant disposition: it is difficult to name another plant that is just as easy to grow, easily forgiving mistakes and mistakes.
Representatives of the genus Dieffenbachia are irreplaceable and easily recognizable at first glance evergreens, famous for the beauty of their foliage. These beauties come from Central and South America and represent the Aroid family.
Large, pointed at the ends, most often broadly oval, of different sizes, the leaves appear thin, delicate, conquer with a contrast of a light basic color with a variety of spots and strokes of white, cream and golden yellow colors - from small ripples to specks, almost graphic patterns and inimitable ornaments modern varieties. But direct, powerful, fleshy and non-woody shoots of Dieffenbachia are an important part of the spectacular appearance of this plant.
In height, this indoor culture can be limited to a modest 40 cm, and grow up to one and a half and more meters. Dieffenbachia grow very quickly and achieve their maximum decorative effect. True, another feature is associated with this talent - the tendency to expose the trunks and the loss of “form”, the need for rejuvenation. As a rule, indoor Dieffenbachia needs to be updated once every 3-4 years.
In room culture, species Dieffenbachia are increasingly superseded by magnificent hybrid varieties. But even plants from more than 40 species of Dieffenbachia that are "familiar" to us are still found. True, almost all indoor Dieffenbachia have been united in one form - both the legendary spotted Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia maculata) and the painted Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia picta) now belong to the species Dieffenbachia Seguine (Dieffenbachia seguine).
Dieffenbachia Seguin (Dieffenbachia seguine) - a plant with the widest leaves and subtle patterns, amazing moisture lovingness and grace. This is a species with lingering old shoots, large glossy leaves, on the surface of which cream, yellow white and emerald green spots mix.
Leaf lengths up to 60 cm with cuttings up to 30 cm turn this dieffenbachia into a giant. But today, somewhat inaccurate, similar to overgrown savages species plants are rare, crowded out by different varieties, differing not so much in leaf size, but in maximum shoot height and ability to form dense bushes.
A variety of Jenmania is often found - a more slender look with large bright leaves, on the surface of which light cream and white stripes and small specks appear between them.
In addition to the most popular Dieffenbachia, the following are also often found:
1. Dieffenbachia Bauze (Dieffenbachia × bausei) - an original look with oval leaves, the maximum size of which is limited to 35 cm. The color is marble, yellowish-green with white dots.
2. Dieffenbachia Oersted (Dieffenbachia oerstedii) - a plant with not very large leaves up to 30 cm long. Oval or heart-shaped elongated leaves show off a clean green color and a prominent central vein with discreet watercolor spots on the leaf blade.
Of the many varieties of Dieffenbach, the choice is not easy. It is always better to focus on aesthetic qualities, personal tastes and interior style. After all, you can find Dieffenbachia with soft color transitions to the "classics", and daring contrasting lines for modern styles, and even subtle nuances of the ornament or shade for the textiles used in the design.
Legendary varieties such as Rudolph Roers, with large, lanceolate-oval leaves with an elongated tip and yellow-green patterns, accentuated by a dark border and a central vein, have given way to modern favorites. Dark green with a central white streak of “Green Magic”, a variety with a glowing streak of light and a watercolor flashing “White Flame” diverging from it, the emerald bright green “Reflector” covered with amazing creamy white marble stains “Vesuvius”, almost white with a dark border "Tropic Marianne" - these are universal favorites.
Home care for dieffenbachia
Resistant, durable, easy to propagate, delightfully well adapted to the conditions of both living rooms and offices, Dieffenbachia pleases with its character. They adapt well to both conditions and care, easily forgive some mistakes, grow quickly and recover. And if you also provide them with the simplest care, then Dieffenbachia is surprised by its high decorativeness and unexpected brightness. Even beginner growers, those who are just getting acquainted with their favorite indoor crops, can grow such a plant.
Lighting for dieffenbachia
This plant feels great even in low light. Dieffenbachia is most decorative in bright, scattered light, but can also tolerate partial shade and even shadow. True, far from always insufficient lighting does not affect leaf patterns and plant height. Dieffenbachia does not like direct sunlight. Diffuse lighting will suit them any - and more intense, and partial shade. The degree of shading can be selected by observing the plant and how it reacts to moving deep into the rooms, individually.
Dieffenbachia turns towards the sun. To achieve a uniform, beautiful silhouette, the plant will have to be regularly rotated and displaced in relation to the light source.
Dieffenbachia feels good in normal room conditions. For her, even in winter, the usual temperatures of living rooms will be comfortable. Optimum rates are from 21 to 25 degrees in the summer and about 18 degrees in the winter. Lowering the temperature below 18 degrees dieffenbachia can endure only for very short intervals, and even the minimum allowable cooling - only 13 degrees. Temperature differences for this plant is not the best option, so the more stable the conditions, the better.
Dieffenbachia is better protected from drafts, which can lead to a partial loss of decorative leaves and the appearance of unattractive details like dry tips. Do not tolerate plants and neighborhoods with air conditioning or heating appliances.
Watering and humidity
The best care strategy for Dieffenbachia is to ensure uniform watering. If you do not overfill and overdry this plant, Dieffenbachia will thank you with its extraordinary beauty, stable decorativeness and even compete with more modern plants in its catchiness. But this culture is not afraid of blunders in leaving.
The main enemy of Dieffenbach is dampness and overflow, excess moisture. Of course, a long extreme drought will ruin Dieffenbachia, but if you make only a few mistakes and immediately correct the care, the plant will only slightly lose its decorativeness, the tips will dry out on the leaves, growth rates will suffer. In summer, dieffenbachia will need abundant, but still not excessive watering; in winter, it is advisable to slightly lower the substrate moisture, adjusting it according to the rate of drying and allowing a larger layer of soil to dry out in the tanks.
For dieffenbachia, it is advisable to use standing, soft water at room temperature.
So that the leaves of Dieffenbachia reveal all their beauty, and the plant itself looks flawless, it is worth taking care of the high humidity. Dieffenbachia loves not only spraying, but also soulfulness. Leaves can be washed as often as required to keep them clean. Spraying is traditionally carried out in the spring and summer, when the culture is actively growing, and in hot weather. In winter, it is better to install humidifiers.
Feeding for dieffenbachia
This plant needs fertilizers only in spring and summer. The classic frequency of top dressing is once a week. But it is better to use a different strategy, applying fertilizer in the spring and summer with a frequency of 1 time in 2 weeks, and in the fall and winter - 1 time per month, using a half dose of fertilizer. This approach will allow the plant to maintain a high decorative foliage before the start of active growth.
For dieffenbachia, complex fertilizers or special mixtures for decorative and deciduous plants are used.
All Dieffenbachia, even fashionable varieties, are prone to exposing the bottom of the shoots and stretching, lifting up as a result of this natural process. Pruning allows you to thicken the plants, re-root the tops and get rid of bare trunks, using them if desired for cuttings. Cutting dieffenbachia tolerates very well, usually from the buds on the "stumps" new leaves begin to develop even before the root takes root. The main thing is to use sharp and clean tools.
Dieffenbachia should not allow flowering, break buds and flowers on time, otherwise the decorativeness of the plant will suffer significantly.
Carrying out any trimming on dieffenbachia, one should remember about its toxicity, work with protecting the skin of the hands, clean instruments and dry them, and then disinfect. After manipulating the plant, the skin must be thoroughly washed, even after gloves.
Dieffenbachia transplant and substrate
Dieffenbachia is equally successfully grown in individual containers, and in mixed compositions in large containers, used for florariums, creating the effect of a forest jungle and various collections. Moreover, this plant can be grown not only in the substrate, but also in hydroponics.
Dieffenbachia is traditionally transplanted annually, but if the plant has not mastered the substrate, then you can transplant less often. Optimal dates are early spring.
This room culture is characterized by a powerful root system, and Dieffenbachia is usually picked up with spacious containers with a height greater than or equal to their width. But the volume of pots increase slightly.
The substrate for Dieffenbachia is easy to pick up: any neutral mixture of soil mixtures, nutritious, loose and high-quality, is suitable for it. If possible, it is better to purchase special earth mixtures for the Aroid ones or for the Dieffenbachs themselves, which have an ideal ratio of components in texture and nutrition.
If you mix the substrate yourself, then add peat or humus to a peat and deciduous soil, a small portion of bone meal or its analogue. The soil reaction should be 5.5 pH. In the soil, if desired, you can add charcoal and brick chips.
The transplant is carried out by slightly deepening the stem compared to the previous capacity to stimulate the formation of additional shoots and roots, the formation of root processes.
Diseases and pests of dieffenbachia
Dieffenbachia rarely get sick, but in badly developed condition or in the vicinity of infected cultures, scale insects, thrips, spider mites or felt can live on them.
In Dieffenbachia, a specific fungal disease is also common, manifested in almost transparent "glazed" petioles, watery transparent areas on the leaves. This is one of the types of bacteriosis that is considered incurable: the plant needs to be quickly removed from the collection.
Typically, such infections are characteristic of new varieties. But on the classic dieffenbachia rot more often occurs. At the first signs of root decay, you need to resort to an emergency transplant with the removal of damaged parts and disinfection of wounds.
Common problems in growing dieffenbachia:
- blanching of leaves in severe shading;
- burns to leaves in direct sunlight;
- yellowing of leaves in the cold;
- leaf wilting during prolonged drought.
Reproduction of Dieffenbachia
Ease of propagation is certainly one of the key qualities of Dieffenbachia's great popularity. The plant is amazingly easy to rejuvenate or propagate, which allows you to get a beautiful decoration of the interior without much cost and effort.
Dieffenbachia is most often propagated either by the tips of the shoots, or by parts of the stems. Such cuttings should retain 1 or 2 buds when rooting the apex and 3-4 internodes when using the shoot. After cutting the cuttings or cutting the top, you should not throw out Dieffenbachia, even if there are only stumps left: new leaves will still begin to grow from the nodes.
The rooting of the tops can be carried out simply in water, and in constantly wet sand, and in any substrate. Moreover, you don’t have to create any special conditions: Dieffenbachia takes root without treatment with a growth stimulant, in ordinary room temperature (from 20 degrees) and in diffuse lighting. To accelerate rooting, it is advisable to increase the air humidity and regularly wipe the leaves.
Stem sections are laid horizontally in the soil after drying the sections and treating them with charcoal. The soil is sprinkled with plants at 0.5 shoot thickness. Rooting stems lasts up to 10 months. All this time, you need to maintain a light substrate moisture and prevent the development of rot.