Lobularia - relentless flowering until the end of the season
At the height of summer, the number of colorful annual stars available is simply mind-blowing. Most garden plants that live just one season are more like blooming clouds. But the closer to fall with its gold and purplish, the fewer lush plants remain on the garden scene. Some are afraid of precipitation, others - of the first cold weather. And only selected cultures come to the fore in time for the end of the season. One of these pilots is lobularia. Modest and easily lost in the company of other pilots, from August it becomes the main star of pottery gardens and seasonal ensembles.
Let's get acquainted with marine lobularia
Despite the fact that in the family lobularia (Lobularia) there are many separate types of plants, in landscape design they appreciate and actively use only one species - marine lobularia, or seaside lawn (Lobularia maritima) This is an amazing summer book, which is rightly considered to be an autumn one. True, not at all because the flowering period begins in anticipation of autumn. Lobularia blooms from the very beginning of summer, like most of its competitors. But she is so afraid of heat and drought that she usually stops blooming in early August. And thanks to the stimulation the second wave of flowering begins in time for golden autumn - and lasts tirelessly, until October and the first breath of winter.
Marine lobularia is an annual herbaceous type that forms amazingly sprawling or, conversely, compact, ideal, lush and dense bushes. In height, it does not exceed 30 cm, but branches so densely that it seems powerful and voluminous. Small lanceolate foliage is unremarkable, but thanks to the cold, greenish color and amazing density of location on the shoots, it creates a magnificent “crown” and seems very massive. Lobularia inflorescence brushes are not the most spectacular, but very nice sight. Fragrant, atypically honey in aroma, flowers of the correct form, albeit small, but due to the purity of form and color, seem very catchy. After flowering, brick or yellow oval fruit pods with a sharp top are tied.
The color scheme of lobularia is classically limited to white, lilac, and purple. But the varietal palette is actively expanding and today the seeds of more and more original lobularia appear more often than the classic basic forms of the plant.
Flowering lobularia with classical seeding for seedlings starts in May, closer to summer. And it ends in October, when the garden already covers a hunch of winter and the cold stops the flowering of even the most persistent late perennials. The presence or absence of pauses in flowering lobularia determines the weather and the characteristics of each particular year. If the summer is cool, rainy, lobularia itself will bloom relentlessly, but may end the parade earlier. But if summer is very dry and extremely hot, then flowering will stop in July or August. But such a pause is not only a drawback. Indeed, thanks to her, lobularia will bloom and the truth before the advent of frost. After a simple haircut, they begin a second, often more abundant flowering wave and achieve maximum decorativeness in the fall.
The best varieties of marine lobularia and hybrids based on it are considered:
- basic forms: compact (up to 15 cm high with snow-white flowers), variegated (leaves decorated with white border), open (with creeping shoots) and snow-white Bentama (up to 40 cm high);
- “Salmon” - lobularia with salmon color, fashionable and magnificent, about 10 cm high;
- “New Apricot” - a variety with a unique very light color of flowers, in which a light apricot hue gives an unusual touch;
- "Schneesturm" - a variety up to 25 cm high with large white flowers;
- “Carpet of Snow” - a snow-white variety with a very strong aroma up to 15 cm high;
- “Paletta” - a variety with multi-colored inflorescences, in which the corollas of flowers can be white, brown, red, raspberry, lilac and variously pink, looking somewhat nostalgic and compact, only up to 10 cm in height;
- "Wise Risen" - a good cut white variety with large flowers;
- "Easter Bonnet Pink" - a small-colored purple variety;
- “Easter Deep Rose” is a short and overly flowering variety with a rich pink color;
- "Tiny Tim" - miniature, up to 8 cm high with excellent ground cover qualities, with flexible creeping shoots and the unique ability to completely hide under the cover of snow-white foam inflorescences;
- "Violetkonigin" - a miniature, up to 15 cm tall variety with increased branching and purple flowers;
- "Schneeteppich" - a densely branched dwarf variety with white flowers collected in short brushes;
- “Rosie O’Day” up to 10 cm tall with deep pink flowers;
- “Königsteppin” is a compact variety with purple color of rather dark flowers;
- “Tetra Schneetraiben” is a variety with a height of about 25 cm with large white flowers.
Lobularia in landscape design is used for:
- creating colorful puffy curbs;
- decorations of alpine hills and rockeries;
- introducing autumn flowers into flower beds and rabatki;
- spectacular framing of small flower beds;
- filling voids and bald spots in decorative compositions;
- for decorating terraces, balconies and relaxation areas.
Lobularia can grow in almost any environment
This flyer is enough to pick up good lighting. To all other characteristics, the places of growing lobularia are not demanding. Find the sunniest, openest and warmest place for the beauty, avoid damp and cold places - and you will certainly enjoy the beauty of the flowering of this summer.
Hardy and naughty, lobularia is undemanding to the soil. If the soil is not waterlogged, there is no risk of stagnation of water and waterlogging - the place is suitable for it. Neither acidity, nor nutrition, nor the composition of the soil for lobularia is of particular importance.
This flyer is planted in small individual pits. The soil before planting can be improved by increasing its friability and water permeability, but usually a simple digging is enough.
The optimal distance when planting is about 15-20 cm between plants (even for dwarf varieties). Lobularia is afraid of thickened landings, blooms poorly with insufficiently active air circulation and in cramped conditions, and becomes vulnerable to diseases. Therefore, never plant lobularia too thick.
Minimal care for a full-color beauty
Caring for lobularia actually comes down to pruning. No, even the most thorough care with systemic irrigation will not prevent flowering from stopping in an unsuccessful and too hot year, and flowering will not suffer from a lack of moisture. Therefore, lobularia growing in open soil is not watered, except in the extremely protracted hot and dry months as a general supportive measure and the first weeks after transplanting seedlings into the soil.
For lobularia, you can forget about top dressing. It is not demanding on the nutritional value of the soil, does not like excess fertilizers and on ordinary garden soil is content with a supply of nutrients in the soil.
Lobularia is cut off only when the flowering wave stops at the plant. After the first stage of flowering is completed, it must be cut low. Lobularia will quickly start to grow, restore lush bushes and in anticipation of autumn will bloom again, even more abundantly. Many modern varieties do not require pruning and independently resume flowering after the air temperatures drop to comfortable. When buying seedlings or seeds, be sure to specify this parameter, because, perhaps, even such minimal care for lobularia is not needed.
A little more complicated is the care of potted and container lobularia. These beauties will need regular watering and weekly dressing, timely shortening of thinned or knocked out shoots. But even in potted form, lobularia is not as capricious as other pilots.
Pests and diseases
Lobularia is one of the most persistent flyers. If the bushes are too thick, lobularia will be vulnerable to powdery mildew and other fungal diseases. Fight against them by removing the affected specimens and preventing the spread to neighboring plants. But if lobularia is already blooming, then you can try to save the plantings by treating fungicides.
Reproduction of lobularia
Even growing lobularia from seeds is quite simple and requires minimal waste of time and effort. This summer is best sown directly in the soil, at a permanent place of cultivation. Of course, you can sow lobularia and seedlings, but this method is more suitable for ampelous and future potted lobularia.
Lobularia can be sown in the soil both in spring and in winter:
- in November, as late as possible;
- in late April or early May.
When sowing before winter, lobularia wakes up early and the crops need to be protected from frost with non-woven materials or a greenhouse over the garden. It is also believed that lobularia sown in November are more sick than those sown in April.
Sowing seedlings is usually carried out in March, and it is better to use not containers or boxes, but greenhouses. Seed germination takes 4-10 days. Seedlings are grown with thinning or diving, maintaining a constant soil moisture. Lobularia can be transferred to a permanent place in May; this summer is not afraid of light frosts after hardening. Lobularia blooms 40-50 days after sowing seedlings or emergence in open soil, and new varieties - even a little earlier.