What not to forget to do in March to the gardener?
“March is the best month to prepare the garden for the coming of spring,” Karel апapek wrote in his work “The Year of the Gardener”. Handbook of every summer resident, I think. Because - about us, about the garden, about the happiness that comes when "... you catch a barely audible tread of an endless procession of kidneys." In general, read at your leisure, if you have not read it. But the article is not about that, but about what to remember to make a gardener in March. After all, in order to prepare the triumphal procession of spring in the garden, you need to redo a bunch of things and not forget anything.
Part of the seedlings is already growing, warming the soul and occupying the head with eternal problems: how would it be more convenient to place all this in a limited space, where to put what you still need to sow and pick. And in March, sowing seedlings and picking gain momentum.
Since in our large country there can be no single recommendations on the timing of sowing, it is better to focus on the age of the seedlings being planted. Age is considered from the moment of germination, and not from sowing!
Eggplant and celery need 70 days, tomatoes, pepper, onions - no more than 2 months, cabbage - 1.5 months, cucumbers and melons - 1 month. For greenhouse seedlings, a week should be added to these terms.
Until the end of the month, you can still sow annual flowers for seedlings: petunia, asters, zinnias, marigolds, annual phlox, godetia, clarkia, snapdragon, cloves, etc. If window sills do not allow, but greenhouses and greenhouses allow, it is more convenient to sow there - by the time overgrowth of tomatoes and cucumbers all this will already be planted. Southerners can sow it all right away into the ground.
In the course of seedling growth, one must not forget about picking, hardening, watering and even lighting and ventilation.
The sun in March is already good, bright, and it is time for the owners of the southern windowsills / balconies / loggias to take care of the shading. Because too bright sun and high temperature seedlings are not at all good. It is good to use regular tulle.
Germination of bulbs and tubers
Another March joy / sadness: germination. Joy, because sprouts, and sadness - because there is nowhere to put. Gladioli, cannes, callas, dahlias, potatoes, sweet potatoes - depending on the region, are laid out for germination at the beginning or at the end of the month, and somewhere in April. The term, again, is considered from the moment of germination.
Gladiolus, feces and gangne need 40 days before planting, dahlias and potatoes have enough months. Sweet potatoes in moist sawdust will produce fully conditional sprouts for planting after 3 weeks, but north of Rostov it is advisable to grow up to 30 cm and “root” in water. For everything - about a month and a half, it is necessary to plant in the ground "lying".
And also take care of what they bought by this time, because ... it's impossible to resist! Everything that is bought and sprouted must be put in pots, if it is still sleeping - in a cool, dry place, and let it sleep until April.
Snow is such an inconsistent value across the country that events have to be carried out completely opposite. Where there is little snow - accumulate, where there is a lot - take care of water diversion during melting.
In March, snow, where there is a lot of it, sets very hard, being covered with a dense crust from above and remaining relatively loose inside. This “blanket with a blanket” prevents the earth from warming up, so the beds that are needed for early sowing should be cleaned from snow and sprinkled with ash - the soil will warm up and enrich. You can cover it with black material, although, in my experience, it is more effective than a simple film. Under black material, after a week of almost full sun, the soil turned out to be colder than not covered.
In those places where there is little snow, it is better to just throw it on the beds. Ash here also does not hurt, right on top of the snow.
Preparation of beds in a greenhouse and open ground
Those who did not reach the greenhouses in February need to renew their attempts to work with them. Greenhouses and hotbeds in March need a thorough pre-sowing preparation - repair, cleaning, disinfection, tillage. And it’s necessary to throw snow there.
March is a swift month: before the holiday, snow was poured into the greenhouse, after the holiday it is possible to sow a radish with lettuce, and by the end of the month it is already possible to plant part of the seedlings in some regions. In the south, by this time, greens were already raging in greenhouses, and in Siberia and in the north, they still did not touch greenhouses.
Parnitsy also process and repair before the season. If it’s warm, you can plant summers on seedlings and cold-resistant greens.
To establish arcs on the beds and cover with a film - the snow will melt and in a week the first weeds will appear. Remove the film, plow up the earth and leave it open - the weeds will die. The operation can be repeated, then at the beginning of summer weeding almost does not have to. Or you can plant lettuce, radishes, spinach, Chinese cabbage. After the emergence of seedlings, replace the film with a covering material, so as not to worry: plants were cooked, not cooked in the sun.
It is very appropriate in March to clarify the layout of plantings in order to ensure crop rotation and vegetable circulation (for example, radish + lettuce, and then in the same place - bell pepper or eggplant).
Work in the orchard in March
In the garden, work in March is growing like a snowball:
- pruning trees for those who could not do it in February;
- treatment of cracks, rot of trunks and branches;
- fruit inoculation in those regions where sap flow in plants began;
- installation of hunting belts - pests wake up and begin to climb up the trunk to swollen kidneys - they have nothing to do there; you can cover the trunk circle with a film - the soil warms up, most of the pests can not get out; but then the tree can bloom a little earlier and get frozen; here - according to the situation.
Where it is still or again snowing, and in March it is most often wet, trees and shrubs should be shaken off from adhering snow.
By the way, about wet snow: sculpting snowmen is a good way, rolling clods, to make passages where necessary, and the snowman himself is a reservoir of slowly melting water, and the one installed on the edge of the plot can drain excess water. So children and grandchildren have something to do.
Ornamental Garden Care
Trimming shrubs - sanitary, shaping and rejuvenating. After the winter, dried up, broken, diseased twigs are found, well, and something not cut from the fall. Shrubs blooming in the second half of summer (waking up, for example) are also trimmed and shrubs requiring rejuvenation are severely trimmed (1/3 of the length of the skeletal branch). Pruning is also carried out on fruit and berry bushes.
Winter this year in the European part of the country is such that everything sheltered must be aired monthly. In March, this operation becomes mandatory for all regions where snow cover allows access to sheltered plants. First open from the ends, so as not to mold and ventilate. And in cloudy weather in regions with steady temperatures just above 0, you can open completely. If the sun shines and there are no clouds in the sky, replace the winter shelter with a shading net or the thinnest covering material.
The bright March sun, both in itself and in conjunction with snow that did not melt somewhere, somewhere unexpectedly fell, is a serious test both for decorative conifers and deciduous plants planted in the fall, and for winter-green plants. In sunny weather and here shading materials will be appropriate. When cloudy days occur or with variable cloud cover, they can be removed.
By the way, if there is no snow, it was decided to remove the foliage, and under it young leaves of perennials crawled out - the sun will also burn them. So it is advisable to clean the foliage on cloudy or cloudy days.
The lawn, which thawed from, also requires care in March - to walk on it with a fan rake, comb out the excess and give the opportunity to breathe fresh spring air.
When visiting the site, in addition to children and grandchildren, it is very useful to take pets with you - let them run to all accessible places, leave traces and smell - so that the mice are afraid. At the same time, traps and mousetraps in all rooms before departure will not hurt to be installed at all - by spring, the mice are completely unbelted.
Dear readers! March, in a way, is a “low start” for gardeners / florists / gardeners. You have to be in shape! Good health and inspiration!