Having a garden plot, no doubt, any gardener would want it to not only bring benefits, but also look beautiful. One of the main decorations of the garden is a flower bed. The ability to beautifully decorate a flower bed is also useful to those who want to decorate a small lawn in front of the house or make the view from the window more pleasant. Even if you do not have special knowledge in the field of landscape design, you can build a beautiful flowerbed yourself, for this you need to figure out where to start and how to design it.
The flower beds are of the following types
Regular flower bed
Its distinguishing feature is a strict geometric pattern of plants, which is easily distinguishable using simple, symmetrical shapes, but is much less obvious in the intricacies of abstract figures.
Two distinguishing features:
- All plants must bloom simultaneously.
- The presence of clear boundaries between plantings, emphasizing the absence of any traces of "naturalness" in a regular flowerbed.
Plants are planted in small groups, like frost-resistant perennials in a grassy border. The flowerbed looks more natural, often the planting zones of different plants overlap. The design of the flowerbed is done so that the flowering of one group follows another. This allows you to achieve longer flowering. Perhaps the creation of flower beds with subtropical plants.
Best suited for landing, as It is part of the garden in the full sense of the word and can be large enough to create an impressive composition of flower beds.
This is a method of planting dwarf plants with colored foliage, resulting in complex patterns that resemble an oriental carpet ornament. Such flower beds have disappeared from landscaping, but sometimes they are still found in urban landscaping. These are very decorative flower beds, caring for them is extremely time consuming.
The entire flowerbed or border is planted with plants of the same species.
Vertical flower bed
This is a three-dimensional flowerbed, often used at exhibitions or in urban landscaping, as an exclusive element. Often decorative flower beds are made out in the form of any figure or "wall". Such a screen can be reproduced in your garden.
Flowerbed - panel
This is a decorative element used mainly in urban landscaping. In the flowerbed-panel, various undersized plants are used to create not an ornament, but any specific image, along with decorative plants, flowering flower beds are also used. As an example, Luzhnikov’s flower gardens, the world-famous Geneva flower bed clock, and the clock in the zoo in Chester can be cited.
What is a flower bed plant? Klumbov is called such an ornamental plant that is planted in a leafy state for a permanent place, designed as a flower bed, in open ground or in a container where it is kept for a limited time.
Types of flower beds:
- Heat-loving annuals (snapdragon, zinnia, etc.).
- Cold-resistant biennials (rod-rose, digitalis, etc.).
- Cold-resistant perennials (Erica, delphinium, etc.).
- Heat-loving perennials (violets, pelargonium, fuchsia, which are taken to the room for a cold period.).
- Exotic thermophilic perennials (palm, canna, datura, castor oil, which are taken to the room for a cold period).
- Cold resistant annuals (alyssum, clarkia, godetium, etc.).
Seat selection and landing
First of all, you need to choose a suitable place, and suitable not only from an aesthetic point of view, but also comfortable for plants. It is advisable that the place is sunny and not blown by a strong wind. At the same time, remember that in most cases it is better to make one large flower bed than several small ones, you should not make too bizarre outlines.
As for color matching, first draw some color options for the layout of the flowerbed. Drawing should not turn out too motley. If you want to use colorful combinations, it should not cover the flowerbed completely, but should be separated by monophonic stripes. Also, bright color spots need to be alternated with white or gray.
It is necessary to take into account the height of the plants. Most often, low-growing plants (up to 20 cm) are planted along the edge of the flower bed, most of the flower beds are medium-sized, in the center are tall plants with prominent leaves and bright flowers or even shrubs or small trees.
When choosing specific plants, pay attention to the conditions in which they will grow - the climate and type of soil on your site. Also take into account the timing of flowering. If you do not take them into account, this can play a cruel joke with you: the plants will not bloom at the same time and will not fit into the pattern you conceived. On the other hand, by agreeing on the flowering time, an additional effect can be achieved when flowering plants in the flower bed throughout the season please the eye. Depending on the type of plants, flower beds are divided into annual and perennial.
Solid, or carpet beds look beautiful. Plants are planted very densely in them, usually in a regular circle or square up to 5 meters in size. Most often these are phloxes, dahlias, asters, zinnias. It is better if the flower bed is not flat, so if you use plants of the same height, create a small hill or place the flower bed on an inclined area.
It is necessary to take care of the design of the edges of the flowerbed. It is necessary to ensure that plants do not grow beyond its borders. To emphasize the border between the flowerbed and the lawn, you need to cut a narrow strip of turf around it and fill it with sand, broken brick or other similar decorative material. (In this case, it is necessary to take into account the color compatibility of this material with the coloring of the flowerbed). Closer to the paths, flowerbeds are usually made shorter.
Flowerbed size for perennial flowers
- Tall and widening garden perennials, such as mordovia, need to be planted with a density of one to three plants per square meter.
- Plants of medium height, such as lavender, rudbeckia - 4-5 plants per 1 square meter.
- Low-growing plants, such as periwinkle, are young - 6-8 plants per 1 square meter.
- Creeping plants, such as primrose, tenacious, dwarf iris, hoofed grass - 9-10 plants per 1 square meter.
Most of the garden perennials purchased at the store are planted in pots with a diameter of 9 cm. At the time of planting, the plants look small and unattractive. This entices you to plant them much closer to each other than necessary. In order not to make mistakes, you need to remember: perennials need space for strength and active growth.
Do not worry if there are many voids in the flowerbed as a result of the transplant. You can either temporarily fill them with annual flowers, or immediately purchase larger tapeworms (in pots with a diameter of at least 20 cm).
If you planted perennials too close to each other, after a few years you will be very disappointed: the plants will either intertwine or strong species will clog the weaker ones.
In the event that when you did everything right when landing, after a couple of years, the flowerbed will simply not be recognized - so it will become beautiful.
Time for planting garden perennials
In principle, perennial flowers purchased in a pot can be planted at any time, but only when the ground is unfrozen.
However, there are types of garden perennials that are preferably planted at certain times of the year, and only in this case you will have a guarantee that they will take root.
In the spring plant: catnip (Nepeta), lavender (Lavandula), autumn anemone (Anemone hupehensis var. Japonica), all types of autumn aster (Aster).
Planted in autumn: peonies (Paeonia), poppies (Papaver orientate).
Planting garden perennial flowers
To begin with, loosen the future flowerbed approximately to the depth of the bayonet shovel. Instead of a bayonet shovel, you can use a pitchfork to dig the earth. In this case, the long roots of the weeds will not be chopped into small parts: they can easily be pulled out of the ground entirely.
After you have carefully selected all the weeds, mix the various fertilizers with the ground using a pitchfork. Clay soil will be looser if sand is added to it; and sandy soil will become better if it is fertilized with humus and nutritious additives.
Now smooth the surface of the future flower bed with a rake. Remove rocks and rough clods of earth. The earth should be so well cultivated and loose that you can plant plants with your hands.
Before planting, put the plants in water with a pot for ten minutes. After that, arrange them directly in pots on the flowerbed in the order in which you are going to plant. If you have previously drawn a plan according to which you will plant perennial flowers on the flowerbed, then check it in place.
Then remove the plants from the pots: with one hand holding the plant by the stem at the base, with the other - gently removing the pot. If the roots are too long, trim them.
Dig a hole with your hand or small spatula. The hole should not be larger than the size of the pot in which the plant used to be located. Put the flower in the hole, slightly grab the earth around it and do not forget to water!
Waiting for your advice!