Sowing and horse chestnuts
The chestnut tree has appeared recently in our country. And how beautiful he is in May color, it is impossible to take his eyes off a blossoming chestnut. Horse chestnut decorates our cities. And sowing chestnut (edible) serves as a decoration for our tables. Both chestnuts have a height of up to 35 meters, and in diameter reach 2 meters. The fruits of these two chestnuts are also very similar. Hiding fruits in prickly “boxes”. The fruits of the sowing chestnut are edible, and the fruits of horse chestnut are healing. Sowing chestnut grows on the Black Sea coast, the Caucasus, in the Eastern Mediterranean. This tree is not grown for decorative purposes, not because of beautiful valuable wood, but because of edible fruits. The fruits of the planting chestnut ripen during October - November. They have a light brown color and a shiny thin shell.
When ripe, their green shell unfolds into 4 leaves, and the nuts fall to the ground. The fruits of the planting chestnut are very tasty. They can be eaten raw, cook, bake, dry, grind into flour. They are nutritious, contain a lot of carbohydrates, starch, fats, nitrogenous substances and vitamins. In the places where they grow, chestnuts are treated like potatoes or bread. Sowing chestnuts have been known to man since ancient times. They began to cultivate it much earlier than cereals. The fruits of the chestnut were included in the diet of the Greeks. The Greeks grew chestnuts for export in their Mediterranean and Black Sea colonies. The inhabitants of ancient Italy were also aware of the beneficial properties of wild chestnut. Ancient authors wrote that the fruits of chestnut and acorns were the food of the first settlers of Italy. In ancient Rome, poor people ate chestnuts. But even on the tables of the nobility one could meet exquisitely prepared chestnut dishes. In the Middle Ages, chestnuts became the main product of Italians. The usual food for Corsican shepherds was milk, cheese and chestnuts. In Tuscany, roasted chestnuts are an obligatory dish on the feast day of St. Simon and Judah. Roasted chestnuts - one of the national symbols of France. Since the Middle Ages, braziers with chestnuts can be found on the streets of Paris. And among ordinary people of Britain, chestnuts were popular, like seeds in Russia. The chestnut participated in all the autumn holidays, and holidays dedicated only to the chestnut were held. At the autumn harvest holidays, chestnut was a symbol of wealth, prosperity and happiness. The proverb - to carry chestnuts out of the fire - “to rake the heat (wealth) with the wrong hands”, is known to Russians, Italians, and French. Chestnut is also present in the ritual of Christian holidays, which occur in the late autumn and early winter season.
Horse chestnut grows wild in the mountain deciduous forests of Macedonia, in the North Balkans. Horse chestnut in its homeland is considered the sacred tree of Heros, the mysterious Thracian horseman. In the Balkans, horse chestnut is honored and considered a sacred tree. The fruits of horse chestnut are similar to the fruits of planting chestnut. They are used to feed horses, they are used in folk medicine, since they have healing properties. In horse chestnut, a leaf plate consists of five to seven long and narrow leaves. In May-June, against a background of foliage, heavy clusters of white chestnut inflorescences-panicles of a chestnut chestnut look beautiful. In the palace parks of Europe, this exotic overseas plant appeared in the 17th century. And in the 19th century horse chestnuts began to be planted on boulevards and streets, in city parks. Chestnut has turned into a tree of European cities. Horse chestnut is hardy, it has taken root in Russian cities. In southern cities, it is a popular decorative tree. Horse chestnuts were brought to Kiev in 1825 from the Balkans and planted not only in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra, but throughout the city residents planted branches of chestnut. If you want to visit Kiev, then choose mid-May. Chestnuts in this city are on every street, in every yard. A waterfall of chestnut flowers adorns Kiev and delights residents and guests of the capital with its indescribable beauty.