Alocasia - Poisonous Beauty
Alocasia (Alocasia, family Alocasia attracts attention with its large, up to 70 cm long leaves, on long fleshy stalks. The leaves have an elongated heart-shaped shape, in some species they are broad-arrow-shaped. The bright veins that stand out against a dark olive background give them an elegant look Alocasia flowers are white, small, inconspicuous, collected in an inflorescence - brush. All parts of the plant are poisonous.
The most common Amazonian alocasia (Alocasia amazonica). The lower surface of the leaves of this species is purple, the upper shiny, as if covered with wax, with wide silver veins. Alocasia Sander (Alocasia sanderiana) has green leaves with a metallic tint and serrated edges. Copper-red alocasia (Alocasia cuprea) is the owner of luxurious oval-ovoid leaves with a lilac shimmer on the upper surface, while its light veins are surrounded by dark purple stripes. Alocasia thick-stemmed ‘Variegata’ (Alocasia macrorhiza ‘Variegata’) has matte leaves with white and light green spots. In addition, you can find on sale such types of alocasia as alocasia capybara (Alocasia cucullata), alocasia hybrid (Alocasia hybrida), alocasia useful (Alocasia odora) and alocasia lead-gray (Alocasia plumbea).
Alocasia prefers well-lit places, but also tolerates partial shade, although in this case, the color of the leaves will partially lose its brightness. The plant is thermophilic, the temperature should not fall below 18 ° C in winter, in summer it is preferable to temperatures above 20 ° C. Humidity requires high alocasia. It is good to put the plant on a pallet with wet pebbles, you need to spray the leaves and the air around them often.
Alocasia is watered with soft water, abundantly in the summer (the soil should not dry out), and moderately in the winter. When the plant is kept in a room with a low temperature and excessive humidity in the cold season, root decay is possible. In this case, you should increase the air temperature and dry the ground. Alocasia is fed every two weeks with full mineral fertilizer or fertilizer for cacti. Transplanted every 2 years in the spring. The substrate is required acidic and light, prepare a mixture of leaf and coniferous earth, humus, peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 2: 1: 1. You can replace coniferous land with dry needles (about a handful of needles in a medium-sized pot). Alocasia is propagated by root offspring (divide the bush during transplantation) or pieces of the trunk.
If the leaves of alocasia turn yellow and fall, then this can be caused by pests - aphids, scale insects and spider mites. Carefully inspect the plant, in case of detection of insects, treat it with soapy water, karbofos or actellik. Increase room humidity.