Chrysalidocarpus is a golden fruit
Chrysalidocarpus is a palm tree that is quite common in indoor culture, which is not difficult to find on sale. The genus got its name due to the yellowish color of the fruit. Translated from the ancient Greek chryseus - “golden”, karpos - “fruit”. The homeland of chrysalidocarpus is the territory of the Comoros and Madagascar. Sometimes palm trees of this group are called the obsolete name of Areca.
Description of Chrysalidocarpus
Betel palm tree, or Areca catechu (lat. Areca catechu) - a species of tree plants from the genus Areca of the Palm family. Sometimes the betel palm is called an areca palm or simply an areca, which is not entirely accurate, since Areca catechu is only one of about fifty species of the genus Areca.
The genus Chrysalidocarpus (Chrysalidocarpus Wendl) has 20 plant species and belongs to the areca family. In modern taxonomy, the genus is synonymous with Dipsis (Dypsis Noronha ex Mart.). Representatives distributed on the island of Madagascar.
These are single-stemmed and bush-shaped multi-stemmed palm trees up to 9 m high. The trunk is smooth, in rings. Cirrus leaves, with 40-60 pairs of lanceolate leaves dissected at the apex. Plants are monoecious and dioecious.
Used in the design of both a single plant and in a group. Cultivated in warm rooms.
Temperature: Moderate around 18-22 ° C. Winter minimum 16 ° C
Lighting: For chrysalidocarpus, you need a bright place, shading from sunlight. But do not place this palm in a shaded place. In winter, lighting should be very good.
Watering: Watering should be uniform, plentiful in spring and summer, and moderate in winter. A pot with a plant is placed on a tray with water, because chrysalidocarpus consumes a lot of moisture. The soil should not dry out.
Fertilizer watering is carried out from March to September after 2 weeks, with special fertilizer for palm trees or with any liquid fertilizer for indoor plants.
Air humidity: Loves spraying and showering.
Transfer: Chrysalidocarpus is transplanted annually or two years later. Soil - 2 parts of light clay-turf, 2 parts of humus-leaf, 1 part of peat, 1 part of rotted manure, 1 part of sand and some charcoal.
Reproduction: Seeding without a problem. Seeds germinate after 30-40 days, it is advisable to use indoor greenhouse and soil heating for seed germination. Young seedlings are kept at a temperature of 18-22 ° C.
Chrysalidocarpus is able to tolerate direct sunlight, prefers bright light. Suitable for placement near the windows of the southern exposure. Shading is required only in the summer - from the midday sun. The plant is able to grow near the windows of the northern exposure, tolerates partial shade.
Keep in mind that bought a plant or a plant that has not stood in the sun for a long time should be accustomed to direct sunlight gradually to avoid sunburn.
In the summer, chrysalidocarpus prefers air temperature in the region of 22-25 ° C. In the rest of the year, a warm content of 18-23 ° C, not lower than 16 ° C, is preferable for palm trees. At all times, the palm should be provided with fresh air, avoiding drafts.
In the spring and summer, palm trees are watered abundantly with soft, settled water, as the upper layer of the substrate dries. From autumn, watering is reduced to moderate, without bringing the earthen lump to full drying. In autumn and winter, you should ensure that there is no overflow, this is very dangerous for the plant, especially during this period. Watering should be during this period 2-3 days after the top layer of the substrate dries.
The air humidity of chrysalidocarpus in summer is preferable to increased. In summer, the plant should be regularly sprayed with soft, settled water at room temperature. In autumn and winter, spraying is not carried out. Chrysalidocarpus should be regularly washed with leaves (at least twice a month in summer).
Chrysalidocarpus needs fertilizers not only in the summer, but also in other periods. Palms are fed with mineral fertilizer of usual concentration, in the summer 2 times a month, in other periods - 1 time per month. The palm tree responds well to fertilizing with organic fertilizers.
After transplantation, chrysalidocarpus should be fed and begin after 3-4 months with conventional mineral fertilizer.
Chrysalidocarpus hardly tolerates transplantation, so it is replaced by transshipment with the replacement of drainage and the addition of land. Young actively growing specimens should be transshipped annually, adults after 3-4 years; in tubular specimens, instead of transshipment, the top layer of the substrate should be changed annually.
The following substrates are used for chrysalidocarpus:
Sod (2 parts), leaf or peat land (1 part), humus (1 part), sand (1/2 part). With age, it is allowed to increase the percentage of humus in the mixture.
For adult plants
Sod (2 parts), compost (1 part), humus (1 part), peat or leaf land (1 part) and sand.
Palm trees can hardly tolerate transplantation, so it is replaced by transshipment with the replacement of drainage and the addition of land. At the bottom of the tank provide good drainage.
Propagation by seed, spring-summer, and branch offspring.
From the lower adnexal buds of the plant, shoots (offspring) are easily formed, at the base of which roots develop. These shoots can be separated from the mother plant, which is advisable to do in spring and summer.
Possible difficulties in growing chrysalidocarpus
Lower leaves turn brown and fall off due to natural aging.
With too dry air, too cold content, lack of moisture, the tips of the leaves turn brown.
With a lack of moisture or an excess of sunlight, yellowing of the leaves occurs.
Types of Chrysalidocarpus
Chrysalidocarpus yellowish (Chrysalidocarpus lutescens)
It is found on the island of Madagascar in the coastal zone, along rivers and streams, enters the interior of the island, rising no higher than 1000 m above sea level. There are several trunks, up to 7-9 m high and 10-12 cm in diameter; young trunks and petioles of leaves yellowish, with small black dots. Leaves 1.5-2 m long and 80-90 cm wide, arcuate; leaflets in the number of 40-60 pairs, 1.2 cm wide, durable, not drooping - photo. Petiole 50-60 cm long, furrowed, yellow. The axillary inflorescence is densely branched. Dioecious plant. Very beautiful palm tree. It grows well in warm rooms.
Chrysalidocarpus madagascar (Chrysalidocarpus madagascariensis)
Found on the northwest coast of Madagascar Island. The trunk is one, up to 9 m tall and 20-25 cm in diameter, slightly widened at the base, smooth, with well-marked rings. Pinnate leaves; leaflets bunch-shaped, glossy, up to 45 cm long and 1.8 cm wide. The axillary inflorescence, 50-60 cm long, densely branched. Highly decorative palm tree. Cultivated in warm rooms.