Composted “tea” - the best natural fertilizer
Composted “tea” is the secret of many of the best gardeners. Almost all the world records for growing giant vegetables were achieved using this unique fertilizer. When watering with compost “tea”, plants begin to grow well, increasing green mass up to 3 times. Composted “tea” is a super-energetic for plants.
The secret to a healthy soil is the healthy microorganisms abound in it. Organic composted “tea” is literally teeming with beneficial probiotic bacteria. There are two types of bacteria involved in soil biocenosis - aerobic and anaerobic. Aerobic bacteria thrive in oxygen-rich soils. Anaerobic predominate in depleted soil and water.
Aerobic bacteria are friends of your garden. They decompose toxic substances and create healthy products in the soil.
In depleted soils, aerobic bacteria and other beneficial microorganisms are absent. The introduction of chemically synthesized fertilizers, environmental pollution and other adverse conditions deplete the soil and destroy beneficial bacteria. At the same time, optimal conditions are created for the growth of anaerobic bacteria, root rot and other plant diseases appear. Commercial fertilizers incorporate salts that accumulate in the soil and kill beneficial bacteria. Synthetic chemical fertilizers are more profitable in the short term, but harmful in the long term. The use of organic fertilizers, and in particular composted “tea”, will give the soil long-term health.
Composted tea can be prepared in several ways.
Method number 1.
Put the finished compost in the bag, tie the bag. Draw water into a bucket, lower the bag there. Infuse “tea” for several days, stirring occasionally. When the solution has a shade of tea, it is ready to drink.
Method number 2.
Fill the bucket with compost by about a third, add water, mix. Let the compost stand for 3-4 days. Stir the compost solution while insisting. Strain the solution through burlap, sieve or cheesecloth into another container.
Method number 3.
Obtaining aerated compost practically does not differ from the two previous methods, except that during infusion the solution is subjected to enhanced aeration. Aeration is performed using a compressor and aerator stone (sold in aquarium shops).
What is it for? As we said above, aerobic bacteria are important for a healthy state of soil and plants. Without a constant flow of oxygen, these microorganisms will die, they will be replaced by anaerobic harmful bacteria, and the compost “tea” may have an unpleasant odor. Thus, using aeration improves the quality of the resulting fertilizer. Think about why the smell of stagnant water in a pond is unpleasant, and does river water smell fresh. The river is saturated with a large amount of oxygen, which prevents the reproduction of harmful putrefactive microbes.
Method number 4.
For large farms, industrial equipment can be used to make composted “tea”. Such equipment has long been manufactured and used in the United States. You can make it yourself, using a plastic barrel with a crane and a compressor.
For any method of making composted “tea”, it is important to remove chlorine from the water (if you use tap water), since it negatively affects the vital activity of beneficial bacteria. To do this, let it settle or undergo aeration for 2-3 hours.
If the resulting composted “tea” has an unpleasant putrefactive odor, then this indicates that it is saturated with anaerobic bacteria. Such a fertilizer can not be used for watering plants, make a new portion of compost “tea”, following all the rules. In the manufacture of the solution, you can use only fully "ripened" compost. Improving the quality of "tea" will also help its aeration.
If you cannot use composted “tea” right away, store it in a cool place and with aeration.
Ready composted "tea" is used for watering and spraying plants. The advantage of this method of plant nutrition is that you do not add additional soil, as would be the case with dry compost. In this way, it is convenient to feed indoor potted plants. For spraying, compost tea is diluted with water at a concentration of 1:10. Do not spray the foliage on a bright sunny day; plants may get burned. This is best done early in the morning or during sunset.
For watering, you can simply use ready-made concentrated "tea". In this case, you will not harm the plant, as can happen with concentrated chemical fertilizers. The frequency of plant nutrition with compost “tea” is from once a week to once a month.