8 best indoor filter plants
The importance of indoor plants to the ecosystem in a home cannot be overestimated. They not only bring peace and harmony, but also directly affect the vital characteristics of the environment. Thanks to the processes of photosynthesis, indoor plants emit oxygen and heal the atmosphere, play the role of natural moisturizers and even phytoncides. These are the most natural of all available filters, capable of "absorbing" toxins from the air, chemical compounds and even traces of heavy metals. And among these natural purifiers, there are real stars that can amazingly cope with the task. We will talk about them in this publication.
The most natural air purifiers
Scientists have long and persistently sought to pay attention to the level of air pollution in our homes. According to recent studies, it is several times, and sometimes tens of times more polluted than even on city streets. To the harmful substances contained in the air that we breathe in the open, dozens of factors are added to exacerbate this problem.
All coatings, building materials and even furniture emit toxins and poisons, not to mention plastic products, the consequences of cooking and the use of a variety of household chemicals, allergens and dust.
Formaldehyde, benzene, phenol, toluene, trichlorethylene, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, staphylococci, other fungal spores and pathogenic microorganisms, soot microparticles, combustion products, dust mites, pollen - all these substances are present in the air of any house and apartment. And even with a very strict approach and the choice of environmentally friendly materials and decor, the task of air purification does not disappear.
If the installation of humidifiers or air conditioners with a filter function, special cleaners is not always possible, appropriate or desirable, then the easiest (and, surprisingly, the most reliable) way to fight for clean air is indoor plants.
Harmless, devoid of flaws and not requiring much effort or expense, plants cope with the task of air purification, albeit more slowly, but much more efficiently. Plants do not just absorb carbon dioxide and actively enrich indoor air with oxygen. They effectively fight with volatile chemicals, and with toxins, and with organic compounds.
But do not think that to purify the air it is enough to buy and put one plant in a room. On average, the radius of phytoncidic, cleansing and antibacterial activity of plants covers an area of up to 5 m, and the effect of plants on fungi and bacteria is limited by a distance of 2.5-3 m. But the plant will perform the function of cleaning up allergens at a greater distance.
In order for indoor plants to replace any filters and be able to improve and purify the air in the house, at least one indoor plant is placed for every 10 square meters. Grouping, placing plants in compositions and collections enhances their filtering effect and improves the microclimate. It is better to place filter plants not on the windowsills and not around the perimeter, but inside the interior - so they will more fully perform the cleaning functions.
And not all plants are the same. In some cultures, the ability to absorb harmful substances is more pronounced, others are more active in fighting allergens, and there are also plants that saturate the air better than others with oxygen.
Plants dominate in the room assortment, the effect of which is favorable, but they have practically no filtering, purifying function. But there are real natural filters. Such cultures are different:
- anti-inflammatory and immunity enhancing, soothing, due to the release of essential oils;
- with antiviral and antibacterial activity, due to the release of volatile substances into the air;
- harmful compounds absorbing from the air, absorbing, literally, absorbing them through the leaves.
Plants are still not a universal, “fail-safe” solution to the problem. They exhibit air purification functions as much as possible during the period of active development, but at the dormant stage, their ability to purify air decreases.
Young plants are better filters than old ones, and filter functions in plants are performed by leaves, but not stems or flowers. In almost every plant, the activity of absorption of harmful substances and photosynthesis varies during the day, depending on air temperature and even illumination (for example, sansevieria produces the most oxygen at night, and chlorophytum produces during the day).
For different rooms, completely different plants are suitable. In small ones, compact classical cultures like aloe or peperomia are placed, and in large ones you can use large woody ones - Benjamin's ficus and even citrus fruits. Damp or dry air also plays a role.
Let's get to know more closely the indoor crops that most actively affect the composition and characteristics of the air.
For a list of the best indoor filter plants, see the next page.