Not just iris
Despite the fact that these irises belong to the iris family, they have certain differences. Traditional garden plants are rhizome plants, while iridodictiums are bulbous. The plant propagates in small, flaky ovoid bulbs. And thanks to the early flowering, they are also called snowdrop irises. In height, plants reach only 15 cm. True, only before flowering. Then the leaves begin to grow intensively and by the end of flowering reach 50-60 cm. In summer, the aerial part completely dies.
The complex name was given to these colors due to a combination of two Latin words: “diction” - mesh and “iris” - rainbow. Flowers with a diameter of 5-7 cm bright and very original color inherent in all irises: purple, pale blue, blue, blue, white, pink, red, purple, orange with fancy ornaments of stripes and spots. You can admire the flowers of iris for a long time, enjoying and admiring the creation of nature. In addition, some flowers exude a delicate, delicate aroma.
The fruits of plants are large capsules that crack when ripe. Seeds are sown immediately after harvesting to a depth of 2–4 cm. In early spring, friendly shoots appear, but such plantings bloom only after 4–5 years. In addition, with the seed method of propagation, the characteristics of the variety are not preserved. If you do not plan to propagate iridodictiums from seeds, the flowers should be removed after flowering.
Care for these irises is much the same as for tulips. For successful development, iridodictiums require nutritious, well-drained, light soils, open sunny places. Raw cold patches are not suitable for growing, as bulbous irises are afraid of moisture and often get sick from its excess. True, they need regular hydration during the formation of buds. Inorganic fertilizers or well-rotted humus and compost are used for feeding. These plants are quite winter-hardy.
Bulbs begin to divide no earlier than approximately 4-6 years after planting. Do this in June, when the leaves dry. After digging for 2-3 weeks, the bulbs are dried at a warm temperature of about 20-25 degrees in a place protected from the sun. Then they are stored in a dry rather ventilated room.
Like other bulbs, iridodictiums should be planted in early autumn. This is indicated by the appearance of roots on the bulbs. This usually coincides with the time of planting tulips. Large ones are planted to a depth of about 8 cm, small ones to a depth of 4-5 cm. The distance from the bulb to the bulb is 7-10 cm. Planting is best done in groups, since single small plants will be lost.
Plants multiply rapidly. For 2-3 years, one plant can form a whole nest of bulbs. Children may appear next year. There are only 11 types of iridodictiums. The most popular are Netted and Dunford.
Iridodictiums are great for landing on alpine slides. They blend perfectly with other early flowering perennials. And also amenable to distillation at home.