Sanchezia (Sanchezia, family Acanthus) is a spectacular shrub that is often grown in greenhouses, but with proper care, sanchezia will decorate any room. On the premises, sanchezia reaches a height of 1 - 1.3 meters. Its leaves look very decorative, they are elongated, bright green with yellow or golden cream veins, the leaf length is 30 cm. The flowers of Sanchezia are collected in vertical inflorescences towering above the leaves. They are tubular, yellow, purple or orange, about 5 cm in size. At home, in the tropics and subtropics of South America, hummingbirds pollinate sanchezia. At the place of the flower, a fruit is tied - a two-nest box, when cracked, the seeds scatter in all directions. In a room culture, one species of sanchezia is grown - noble sanchezia (Sanchezia Nobilis or Sanchezia speciosa).
© Forest & Kim Starr
Sanchezia prefers good lighting away from direct sunlight, but also puts up with partial shade. In summer, the optimum temperature is 20 - 25 ° C, in winter 16 - 18 ° C, it can tolerate a decrease in temperature to 12 ° C. Sanchezia needs high humidity, the plant is placed on a pallet with wet pebbles and is often sprayed from the spray gun.
© Drew Avery
Sanchezia should be watered in spring and summer abundantly, in winter moderately, avoiding the drying of an earthen coma. In summer, the plant requires regular, once every two weeks, top dressing with complex fertilizer. In spring, the bush needs to be trimmed, plants older than 7-8 years require strong pruning. Sanchezia is transplanted annually in early spring. The soil mixture is prepared from sheet soil, humus, peat and sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 0.5: 0.5. Sanchezia is propagated by seeds and stem cuttings. Cuttings root hard, a temperature of at least 20 ° C, lower heating and the use of phytohormones are necessary.
If on the leaves of sanchezia you find cotton-like deposits, then the plant is affected by a mealybug. The pest must be removed with a cloth dampened in soapy water and sprinkled with an actellik several times. Sanchezia does not like sudden changes in temperature, due to which it can discard leaves.
© Björn Söderqvist