This original plant in appearance resembles several times increased moss. Therefore, it is grown for the sake of bright leaves, which are hardly even called leaves. The leaves are small, alternate, abundantly cover thin stems. Belongs to the family of plunov. There are more than 700 of its species, but only about 25 are grown in rooms and greenhouses.
If you want to receive a decorative magnificent bush with bright openwork greens, it is necessary to provide it with high humidity. Therefore, at home, this plant is often grown in terrariums or the so-called bottle or aquarium gardens. That is, plants are placed in a terrarium, aquarium, bottle or other glass container. In this way, the selaginella can be provided with sufficient moisture and pest protection.
It is not difficult to make a bottle garden, and such floral arrangements look quite original, especially if you plant there still small bushes of ferns and other hygrophilous plants and add decorative elements - pebbles, shells. Also, selaginella is often used as a groundcover - it is planted around other plants.
For successful cultivation, selaginella is placed in light partial shade or in moderate light, protecting from direct sunlight. Even the northern windows, on which other flowers do not grow, will do. However, excessive shading has a bad effect on growth and decorativeness. The ideal temperature for it is 18-22 degrees, in winter - not lower than 12 degrees. Regular watering, without overdrying the soil. At the same time, excessive moisture can rot the roots. She needs constant spraying with soft water from a finely dispersed atomizer so that drops do not collect on the plant. You can also put the pot in a pan with water.
From March to October, plants are fed every two weeks with half the norm of complex fertilizers for decorative and deciduous plants. Selaginella does not tolerate drafts, dry air. The cultivation earth mixture should consist of turf, compost soil, peat and sand, be loose, and pass moisture well. Drainage must be put to the bottom. The capacity for growing should be wide and shallow, since the root system of the plant is superficial. Shoots are exposed at the base of old plants, so they must be updated in a timely manner.
Propagated by selaginella stem cuttings and dividing the bush with roots. Cuttings are easily rooted in a mixture of peat with sand or another light substrate, or in water.
The plant is resistant to pests and diseases. If the air is excessively dry, a spider mite can damage it.
Selaginella Martens is more common on sale - a species with light green leaves, up to 30 cm in height. There are varieties with silvery leaf tips. There are also very original species, for example, squamous selaginella or, as it is also called, “Jericho rose”. When dried, it looks like a ball of tangled dry stems. But if you pour it and place it in a humid environment, it will turn into a lush green bush with small leaves.
Drilling and drying out of the tips of the stems signals that the air is too dry, the room temperature is too high, and there is a lack of moisture. Such symptoms are also possible due to exposure to direct sunlight. If it becomes soft to the touch and fades, perhaps it is waterlogged or the soil in which it grows is too dense.