Felt Cherry Growing
Felt cherry is a small-sized shrub and reaches a height of about two meters. In the spring, when everything blooms around, all branches of the cherry bush are strewn with white and pink flowers.
Felt Cherries (Prunus tomentosa) - type of cherry, section Microcherry, genus Plum (Prunus).
Felt cherry resembles a sea buckthorn. It is also sprinkled in the summer with juicy oval or round fruits that fit tightly together. Felt cherry in itself is a very fertile plant, and already in early July you can collect a plentiful crop. After six years, the productivity of felt cherries drops sharply. Berries appear only on young overgrown branches, and old branches begin to die.
Pruning Cherry Felt
Starting from the sixth year, it is necessary to begin to carry out the so-called anti-aging pruning of felt cherries. Annually, cut off one old twig, and leave the most developed young shoot (annual). If your annual young shoots do not grow by 20-25 cm each year, then you also need to trim, which stimulates the growth of young shoots. In this case, you need to shorten two or three branches per year. Due to this, you will harvest a crop of felt cherries annually.
There is also sanitary pruning of felt cherries, which is also necessary for our plant. It consists in removing old, dried or damaged branches. With good and proper care, the crop can be harvested for ten, or even fifteen years. After that, the old bushes are best removed.
Planting felt cherry with a bone
Felt cherry propagates by sowing seeds directly into the soil, immediately to a permanent place. This is best done in late autumn, before winter. Bones extracted from ripe berries should be dried a little, but not in the sun, but in the shade. Mix them with sand slightly moistened with water and store in a cool place until sowing.
In October, the prepared seeds of felt cherry are sown on a bed in grooves, the depth of which is 4-5 cm. Sprinkle with sand, and then cover with a layer of earth. Shoots germinate the next year. Already in the first year, the height of young shoots reaches a height of 40-50 cm. Next year, the seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place.
Felt cherry planted with stone fruit method begins to bear fruit after three years, but maybe in the fourth. Such seedlings form a regular, dense and beautiful crown, which is the key to collecting good crops.
Seedlings of felt cherries easily take root. But it should be borne in mind that it does not tolerate groundwater close to the surface. The root system may get wet and begin to scrub. In consequence of which, the aboveground part dies. Loves felt cherry light places.
Protecting felt cherries from disease
It is very important to remember that before swelling of the kidneys, it is necessary to treat felt cherry with preparations containing copper (Oksikhom, Khom). And the same thing to do after flowering. This is necessary to protect the plant from diseases such as moniliosis (damage to buds, flowers, young leaves), verticillous wilt (wilt). These diseases are especially dangerous for felt cherries.
Protecting felt cherries from frost
Felt cherry winter-hardy, withstands frost from -25 to -30 degrees. But he does not like the winter-spring period - thaws, and in the wake of them unexpected frosts. But in order to make it easier for the felt cherry to endure these adverse conditions, before melting the snow, throw it under the bushes and trample it well. Lay straw or sawdust on top. Due to this, under the cherry bushes the earth will remain frozen for a long time, the roots later begin to nourish the plant. The bush later awakens and blooms after the May frosts have passed.