Dwarf Botanical Tulips - Benefits and Best Varieties
Tulips are one of the most beloved spring flowers, and you can hardly find a garden in which they do not grow. But no matter how rich the variety of varieties, we always want something new. I recently discovered dwarf botanical tulips. These charming babies, despite their tiny size, are not only no worse than their tall counterparts, but also surpass them in some respects. In this article, I would like to introduce gardeners to their favorite varieties of botanical tulips.
Features of botanical tulips
Botanical tulips are a special class of tulips that combines the natural species that still grow in the wild in Central Asia, Iran, Turkey, northern India and Eastern Europe. In addition, these are varieties and hybrids created on the basis of these wild-growing varieties.
The class “botanical tulips” basically represents low cultivars, whose growth usually does not exceed 15-30 cm, the size of the flower is also small, and the height of the “goblet” is only 3-5 centimeters.
The appearance of a botanical tulip successfully combines the features of a cultivated plant and wild plants, so they look perfect in gardens of a natural type, and especially organically - in rock gardens and rockeries among the stones.
Biologically, tulips of the botanical class are not much different from other types, therefore they have similar agricultural technology. First of all, for successful cultivation of representatives of this class, loose, permeable soils are needed, as well as good drainage, which allows you to drain excess water from the bulbs.
The place may be sunny or slightly penumbra. Planting time for botanical tulips, as for the classic ones, is from mid-September to mid-October, the distance between the bulbs is from 5 to 15 centimeters, and the bulbs are buried 3 times in height.
Benefits of Botanical Tulips
The bulbs of these species almost always retain the whole outer shell, and spotting does not appear on it. In general, botanical tulips are highly resistant to various diseases characteristic of bulbous plants.
Most species of tulips do not need annual digging. They can grow in one place for 5 or more years and continue to delight flowering annually. But still, about once every 3-4 years, it is better to dig and divide the bulbs. But, depending on the state, some species can not be dug up at all.
Unlike crocuses, which need a lot of sunshine to open flowers, botanical tulips need very little sun. They show their bright midpoints, not even on a sunny day.
Due to their low growth, botanical tulips are ideal for distillation. With sufficient lighting, they do not require a garter and look charming in small pots, like living bouquets. They will not take up much space in the interior and on the windowsill.
Species tulips and hybrids created on their basis, as a rule, bloom very early (in late March-early April) and are ahead of their large-flowered relatives. Also, these tulips will fit into any garden style. Beautiful foliage makes botanical tulips attractive before and during flowering.
The best varieties of botanical tulips
Tulip "Shogun", or "Shogun" (Tulipa Shogun) is my favorite tulip variety among toddlers. Firstly, he has very bright flowers of juicy bright orange color, which are especially pleasing to the eye after winter. This is one of the largest flowered botanical tulips. His "goblet" can reach 5 centimeters, and in the complete dissolution of as much as 10 centimeters! Stamens dark burgundy surround the same color of the pestle. The smell of flowers is very faint, reminiscent of the aroma of a classic red tulip.
The Shogun tulip has absolutely amazing foliage. When it appears from the ground, it is reddish in color with a purple tint and covered with a well-marked fluff. Subsequently, the foliage becomes green, but it remains slightly fluffy. This distinguishes this tulip from most other tulips with smooth leaves.
"Shogun" is one of the best for distillation for spring holidays. In the presence of illumination, the plants turn out to be miniature growth of 10-15 cm. How impressive large five-centimeter flowers look on such “gnomes”! Later, as it blooms, the stems can grow 25 centimeters high.
Another advantage that flower growers celebrate is that this tulip grows especially well, without requiring digging. So with age, bright curtains become more magnificent and magnificent.
Tet-a-Tet tulip (Tulipa tete-a-tete) - one of the few botanical tulips belonging to the group of "peony". The Tet-a-Tet tulip has thick double flowers, consisting of many burgundy-red petals with green flashes in places. Even with complete dissolution in the bright sun, tulips do not lose the shape of a goblet and only slightly expose the brownish middle.
These amazing tulips are real crumbs and do not exceed ten centimeters high. Moreover, the flowers of the tulip are quite large for such babies (3-4 centimeters). So it may seem that tulips can not withstand the weight of such powerful pompons. However, short peduncles are quite durable and do not slope to the ground. Although the flower stalks are about two times shorter than the leaves, the flowers do not hide in the foliage - these tulips have a very narrow leaf blade resembling a green onion on a feather.
The smell of Tet-a-tet tulip is very pleasant and deep, has a spice aroma, slightly bitter, a bit like cinnamon. The aroma intensity is average, the smell is felt only if you purposefully smell the tulip. After flowering, the petals do not crumble, the flowers dry up in the form of miniature pioneers.
This variety is the charm itself. It can be an ideal gift if you also put it in a suitable pot. And, probably, it is no coincidence that the botanical name of this variety sounds like “a beautiful tulip”. From a distance, it can be hard to believe that it is a real living flower, not an artificial bouquet. The variety blooms very early - in April.
Read more about caring for botanical tulips in the article Dwarf Tulip.
Multicolor tulip (Tulipa polychroma), or Two-Tulip Tulip (Tulipa biflora) - an original tulip that you want to look at for hours! Its coloring is truly unique and looks not so much brush strokes as spraying, as if the artist painted it with pastel crayons.
The main tone of the flower is white, and on the outside of the petals you can see several shades of blue and purple. At the base of the goblet there is a yellow spot, which becomes especially bright when the flower is fully opened. There are no bluish tones on the inside of the petals. The pistil is white, the anthers are bright yellow, the petals are pointed, which gives the flowers a very great resemblance to crocuses and lilies of the valley.
When this tulip first bloomed for me, for a long time I could not understand what its marvelous aroma looks like? He seemed to absorb the smell of all spring flowers and a blooming orchard. Nevertheless, the most noticeable in this bouquet I feel notes of lily of the valley. The aroma of a two-flowered tulip is quite strong, but unobtrusive. Most strongly, the smell is felt when the flowers are halfway.
The diameter of the flower is small - 2-3 centimeters, but from one bulb produces 4 or more flowers, two of which bloom almost simultaneously. This feature of the arrangement of flowers further enhances the resemblance of a tulip to lilies of the valley, because it seems that the light little bell flowers are collected in a brush. This tulip is early flowering; it blooms in April.
Tulip "Persian Pearl"
Tulip "Persian Pearl" (Tulipa Persian pearl) - another variety pretty tulip (Tulipa pulchella), which in the wild grows mainly in Iran. Perhaps, including due to its origin, this cultivar received the name "Persian Pearl".
Outside, the color of the petals is slightly matte with a gray-green tint, but it is also quite attractive, and it can be called “pearl”. However, its true beauty is revealed in the sun when the flowers are fully open. Fully opened flowers have a deep purple-raspberry color. The yellow center of the flower makes it brighter and more saturated. Diameter of a flower is up to 4 centimeters.
For a botanical tulip of this variety, flowering lasts quite a long time. The flowers also have a very pleasant aroma. Most of all, it looks like the smell of an apple, but notes of exotic fruits are also felt in it. When distilled in the event of a lack of light, the plant may need a garter. This little tulip is a real gem for distillation and rock gardens. Flowers rise slightly above the foliage.
Tulip Coerulea Alba Okulata
Tulip "Coerulea Alba Okulata" (Tulipa Alba Coerulea Oculata) - Probably the most unusual and exotic botanical tulip. In Latin, its name (ocular) is translated as "big-eyed" and this is no accident. Like many other tulips, in the center of the flower it has a contrasting spot. But this tulip has a very rare color for the tulip - dark purple. His anthers and pestle are painted in the same color.
The basic tone of the petals is pure white, and they look shining, like porcelain. Against the background of snow-white petals, the purple centers appear as dark irises and pupils of the eyes. Thanks to this, it seems that tiny tulips look at us with expressive eyes. The height of the "goblet" is up to 3 centimeters. Petals are dense pointed.
The smell is very weak, it is felt only if you bring the flower close to your face. The aroma has notes of rose and lily of the valley. While this is still a rather rare collection variety, but recently it has been increasingly found on sale. And I strongly advise you to have such a miracle in your garden. Winter hardiness is high: frost resistance zone 3. Flowering time - from the beginning to the middle of spring (end of March-April).
Tulip Batalina "Bright Jam"
Tulip Batalina "Bright Jam" (Tulipa batalinii Bright Gem) Is an interesting cultivar created on the basis of a tulip bearing the name of the botanist A.F. Batalina. In the wild, it is widely distributed in Europe. The variety has a prestigious award from the British Horticultural Society.
This tulip is painted in a warm orange color with a slight tan of raspberry hue. However, the color of the petals of this tulip may change as it blooms, and also depending on the intensity of the light. For example, during distillation without exposure, my tulips turned out to be a very interesting yellowish-lime color. When grown outdoors in a garden, the Bright Gem may look more peachy or have shades of toffee.
Plant height from 12 to 30 centimeters, peduncles grow just above the leaves. It grows easily and forms more and more magnificent curtains every year. It blooms in May.