Florist calendar for April
In April, a truly active front line of work opens in the life of every gardener. Of course, the remaining frosts, the vagaries of the weather and the not always warm days still affect the pace of action, but you have to do much more activity in the garden itself. Many summer residents call April the most active month. Indeed, right now the garden is coming to the peak, the period of planting of ornamental plants begins, and everything planned for the winter can finally be put into practice. There is so much work that it’s easy to overlook important little things. Namely, they are the key to the health and beauty of the garden during the entire active season.
April is the most active month of landings
April is considered an ideal month for planting ornamental garden plants. And not only trees or shrubs that are best planted as early as possible (as soon as the snow has melted and the soil has warmed up, but the buds have not yet blossomed).
In April also planted:
- classic decorative perennials;
- perennial autumn stars and seasonal accents;
- all garden vines;
- biennials that need to be moved to a permanent place (from daisies to pansies).
And this is not to mention the fact that in April it is better to have time to plant all new roses.
Naturally, if spring is unsuccessful and the weather is too cold, there is no question of any landing. Landing can only begin to be carried out when the soil is freed from the ice that binds it and warms up, thaws to a sufficient depth. But if the weather allows, there is no need to delay the landing.
The main guarantee of success during the spring planting of any plants, both shrub-woody and grassy, is an individual approach. Do not forget that for each plant, for each species and variety you need to select the optimal conditions. Illumination, soil and other important parameters of the growing place create literally for every plant and its requirements. As well as the size of the planting pits, the distance to neighboring crops, the need for laying drainage.
We continue to deal with seedlings
Despite the fact that most ornamental plants were sown for seedlings earlier, in April you can continue to replenish the assortment of balcony and garden seasonal accents. Crops for seedlings can be carried out using conventional technology, and using greenhouses, hotbeds and hotbeds with reliable protection of the film or glass.
March crops in April will take a lot of effort. After all, after releasing the first or second pair of true leaves, tender shoots will need to be peaked. And the frequency of watering, regulated by the degree of soil drying, the first top dressing and pinching for thickening that have begun will make the care schedule more saturated.
In April, decorative annuals such as rudbeckia, lavater, cosmea, sunflowers, sweet peas, marigolds, lobularia and zinnia can be planted on seedlings. And the navyanik, bells, gailardia, aquilegia, delphinium and carnations can be sown in greenhouses.
At the end of the month, if the soil not only warms up, but also dries, you can conduct the first sowing in the ground for the most cold-resistant summers. Early sowing in open soil is permissible for matthiola, nemophila, sweet pea, nigella, decorative flax, malope, eschscholzia, bindweed, reseda, malcolpia, godetia. The early crops are especially fond of the cold-resistant annual poppy, calendula and cornflowers.
For sprouting in April, you can put dahlias, Indian canna, other corms wintering outside the soil. Pre-germination will accelerate flowering and stretch the period for a much longer period. Rhizomes of plants are placed in boxes or large containers with sand or a loose substrate, observing the planting depth recommended for each crop. While maintaining light humidity, exposure to heat and light, plants will start growing long before ordinary tubers are planted in the open soil.
April cleaning in a decorative garden
Clearing the garden, revising decorative compositions and cleaning up all the accumulated debris on flower beds, in discounts, borders, a front garden, rock gardens and rockeries should begin in April. True, the timing has its own nuances: they start harvesting only after the soil dries. While the soil remains oversaturated with moisture after the snow melts, it is not worth stepping onto flower beds, lawns, or any decorative compositions even by accident.
As a result of such walks, even if they serve noble purposes, the soil is too compacted and a lot of time and effort will have to be spent on its restoration. Therefore, it is better to be patient and wait until the soil is dry enough to walk not only along the paths, but also between the plants.
The first step in cleaning decorative objects is a complete cleaning. Old flower mulch, plant debris, the remains of dead clumps and all damaged, decayed, dry parts of plants should be completely removed from flower beds, flower beds and other ensembles. As part of the cleaning, sanitary cutting of shrubs and trees from among decorative species should also be carried out.
After direct cleaning is complete, measures should be taken to restore the texture and characteristics of the soil. For all decorative compositions without exception, it is necessary to loosen the soil, which will allow the soil to return air and water permeability.
The upper compacted layer will not bloom on its own, and aeration should be carried out as soon as possible. Be careful: in plants with a superficial root system, loosening is carried out very carefully, at a considerable distance from the curtains. Particularly work with shrubs and trees.
Pay attention to perennials prone to "lifting" in the soil. Cirrus cloves, primrose, violets and geyhera often spring out of the ground, their root system is exposed. And the sooner you take action, the better. Inspect the turf and slightly cover the plants with soil - so as to cover the raised roots.
After loosening, you should think about top dressing. When choosing fertilizers, you need to focus on the preferences of specific crops. For most perennials, bulbs and biennials in early spring, nitrogen supplementation is preferred, which stimulates rapid and active growth. All bulbs and primroses, spring-flowering perennials and biennials need mandatory feeding.
Finish the April cleaning by mulching - creating a protective layer that will maintain an optimal level of moisture, preserve the texture of the soil, prevent it from overheating, compacting and changing characteristics.
For flower beds and workers use a 4-cm layer of mulch from organic fertilizers - peat, compost or humus, crushed bark or any other materials available to you. Without fail, the mulch is laid out where it was last year.
But cleaning is not only about colorful ensembles. It is necessary to remove garden garbage and take care of the surfaces of platforms and paths, check garden furniture and, if necessary, treat it with protective materials, clean glass and remove dust and dirt accumulated over a long cold period in virtually every corner.
Exclusive treatments for flower garden stars
Most garden perennials growing in lush ensembles in April need to be prepared for the new season. This month is well suited for transplantation and separation, rejuvenation of scabiosis, echinacea, rudbeckia, petite, heichera, New England aster, feverfew, goldenrod, and lychnis.
It’s getting closer and closer when magnificent fragrant irises can arrange a real watercolor parade. But in order to enjoy one of the most beautiful shows, in April it is worth taking care of the health of rhizomes. As soon as the weather allows this, reduce the risk of bacterial rot due to decay by simply digging the soil from the “neck” of the rhizomes, freeing irises from excess soil by simply exposing the top. Of course, in unsuccessful seasons, the procedure is carried out later.
The beautiful peonies in April, after the snow melts, will gratefully respond to the earliest possible feeding. Dolomite flour (100 g per plant) is scattered under the bushes this month and liquid fertilizer is added with nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizer.
An unusual procedure will be needed in April and all winter-green cultures - saxifrages, Julia's primrose, periwinkle, liverwort and Co. In order for the plants to start growing and renew faster, immediately after the snow melts, you need to pour them with warm water. The optimum temperature is 30-40 ° C. Such warm watering will benefit both coniferous crops and roses. But for them it is better to add growth stimulants to the water.
Preparation of new flower gardens and compositions
If you did not have time to complete the work in the fall, then at the same time, when you can begin to clean decorative compositions, you can still prepare for planting plants for new flowering ensembles and decorative groups. Where you plan to plant new flower beds and flower beds, flower beds, islands, dig the soil - the first time to a considerable depth, the second, after applying organic matter and fertilizers or adjusting the composition and acidity - fluffing and leveling the soil, preparing it for planting.
Finding the perfect time for pruning roses is not easy: they are pruned before the active growth of the buds and after the complete thawing of the soil. Frozen, blackened, damaged, dry shoots or parts of healthy branches are removed from garden queens. Pruning on roses is always carried out to the first overwintered, healthy kidney on the outside of the shoot. Powerful, strong branches shorten, thinned or too old - delete. The formation is carried out in accordance with the type and characteristics of the variety. You need to complete spring pruning of roses with top dressing and spout.
This month you have the last chance to trim the crowns and hedges. For evergreen hedges, traditionally the main forming pruning is traditionally carried out (especially likes the April thuja hedge trim).
In April, or rather, in its first half, if the plants have not yet swollen and buds have begun to open, you can take the last opportunity and carry out the formation and cleaning of the crown from ornamental shrubs and woody.
Uncovering Covered Crops
Traditionally, in April they complete the process of liberating decorative crops from winter shelters. But in this matter it is better to rely on specific weather conditions: if the frosts are still strong, then you need to continue the airing begun in March and layered release from non-woven material and lapnik. It is better not to rush with shelter from dry foliage and a spout: only when the temperature rises at night will it be possible to rake them from the turf.
But delaying the removal of the shelter is dangerous: if you drag out the process, an already sufficiently active sun can easily cause reheating. After releasing lianas and other plants in need of garter from shelter, do not rush to fix them on a support: let the branches straighten up, adapt, and only then tie them up.
This month, it is better to remove the shelter from clematis. Between the different stages of unraveling - removing non-woven material and removing spruce branches - you need to wait 1.5-2 weeks. After the final removal of the shelter for clematis, they immediately fertilize, loosen the soil and protect the plant by mulching to optimally moisturize and protect the roots from overheating.
Many gardeners, even in unstable weather and unfavorable frost conditions, prefer to complete the opening in April for all plants. True, for this it will be necessary to provide temporary protection, which will replace dense hilling. As soon as the snow melts, clematis, roses and other heat-loving plants are gradually released from all layers of protection, replacing it with a simple cover from non-woven materials, which can be easily removed on fine days.
In April, the amount of work on the green lawn is directly dependent on the weather. It is strictly forbidden to move around and carry out any work on a wet lawn after snow melts. Only after the soil has dried, the lawn is first cleaned, aeration is carried out, if necessary, they are engaged in the correction of turf, new grasses are sown in bare areas.
It is advisable to carry out in April:
- alignment of hollows or hillocks;
- spring top dressing with special mixtures of fertilizers;
- correction of the edge of the lawn.
April is one of the best months for laying new lawns, creating impeccable green lawns.
What to do with potted and container plants?
The April sun is already warming up with might and main, but its warm rays should not mislead you: air temperature even in the most stable years does not allow you to take out indoor plants and landscaping terraces and balconies in April. Unless in the warmest days you can decorate tables with blooming onion in pots, fuchsia and geraniums, carefully picking them up for the night. This month, it’s better to continue preparations for the real boom in May. For example, you can deal with transplanting winter crops in the premises of garden crops, which can be reloaded into new containers and change substrates.
If the temperature stabilizes at the end of April, then you can try out several boxes and containers, fill them with plants for the balcony. Pelargoniums, lobelia, petunias, Drummond phlox, lobularia can be brought to the balcony first, but it is better to focus on the weather, and at least in the first weeks to reliably protect plants from the slightest drafts and to cover when there is a risk of cooling.