Perovskia - a modest and hardy Russian sage
It is no coincidence that Perovskiy is compared with the best garden perennial partners: catnip, lavender, Veronica, sage. The appearance of this plant really reminds of the classic blue-colored herbaceous plants that can be found in every garden. But perovskiy is favorably distinguished by durability, and larger sizes, and ease of care. Magnificent curtains of Russian sage are crowned with spikelets of inflorescences for almost half the season. And although Perovskiy is much less used in landscape design, it deserves a special place in modern gardens.
- Fragrant blue sea of blooming Perovian
- Types and varieties of Perovskia
- The use of perovskia in decorative gardening
- Conditions necessary for the Persians
- Landing of Perovskia
- Perovsky care
- Wintering of Perovskia
- Pest and Disease Control
- Reproduction of Perovskia
Fragrant blue sea of blooming Perovian
It is no coincidence that Perovskia is known throughout the world under the name “Russian sage” (Russian sage). The appearance of this beauty really resembles both sage and wormwood, and the plant itself can be put on a par with the best blue-colored perennials.
Perovskiya (Perovskia) - genus of plants of the family Iasnatkovye (Lamiaceae), named after the governor of the Orenburg province Vasily Alekseevich Perovsky (1795-1857).
Perovskia, or Russian sage, is a herbaceous perennial, which has equally attractive shrub curtains and flowering. Although this plant is more appreciated for its long and colorful flowering. In height, the bushes reach 60 cm, and sometimes 1 m. The shoots are numerous, thin and straight, tough, stable. The leaves of Perovsky are narrow-lanceolate or dissected, always elongated, of a dark muted color.
The flowers of the plant are very small and would be inconspicuous if it were not for slender panicles of inflorescences and a cool, bluish-purple color, which gives the curtains a special effect. Due to its color, this plant is considered one of the best crops for imitating water, creating the effect of blue coolness and swaying waves in the garden. Perov bush is really wrapped in blue fog.
All parts of the plant are very fragrant, but they appreciate Perovskiy not only as a source of essential oils and a wonderful fragrant dried flower. After all, both the flowers and the leaves of the plant are edible and can be used both as seasoning and in the preparation of a wide variety of dishes.
The flowering of Perovskia lasts from July to the very first autumn frosts. At the same time, unlike its long-standing competitors, Perovskiy blooms relentlessly.
Types and varieties of Perovskia
There are not many plants in the Perovian genus: Russian sage combines only 7 species. At the same time, only two Perovian plants are grown as an ornamental plant.
Perovskiy wormwood (Perovskia abrotanoides) - a herbaceous perennial from 40 to 120 cm high, which from afar seems to be a relative of lavender. The plant forms rounded, neat and very dense bushes. Shoots are densely leafy with strongly dissected, oblong leaves. Dark blue, with a purple tint, the color of small flowers in crowning twigs of ears of inflorescences creates a spectacular haze above the sod.
Perovskiy Lebedolistnaya (Perovskia atriplicifolia) with semi-lignified shoots belongs to perennial shrubs. This plant is much higher, from 90 cm to one and a half meters in height. The shoots are gray, grow vertically, very thin, and the leaves appear silver and give the whole plant a metallic-velvety texture. Crowned shoots of inflorescences reach 30 cm in length, more loose than in most other species. Outwardly, it seems more massive and elegant at the same time.
The use of perovskia in decorative gardening
- Only in groups of 3-5 copies, never placing plants alone even on flower beds;
- to create low hedges;
- in borders;
- as a delimiter between zones in the garden or a “dotted”, dashed border;
- for the placement of geometric accents, the location of large turfs with “dots” or “chess”;
- in the design of flat rockeries and the foot of an alpine hill;
- on flower beds with a decorative coating of the soil (especially stone mulch);
- as accents attractive in winter;
- for texture contrasts and the creation of vertical dense points of attraction for the eye;
- in the design of modern gardens with a focus on metal effect, water allusions and unusual textures;
- as a vertical structural emphasis in bilateral mixborders and discounts.
The best partners for Perovskia: roses, ornamental cereals, echinacea, lyatris, boltonia, mallow.
Conditions necessary for the Persians
Perovskia is a sun-loving plant. For her in the garden, it is better to choose open, warm areas. In light penumbra, Perovskii blooms well, but the stems of the plant, especially after the beginning of flowering, are prone to lodging and the bushes have to be tied up. The plant is not afraid of drafts, and even on windy areas it keeps its magnificent shape well and does not fall apart.
Increased attention when planting should be given to the soil. Perovskia will not grow in any, especially heavy, untreated, moist soil. Russian sage prefers alkaline soils, but in neutral soil, with the right texture, it will grow very well. Russian sage does not tolerate acidic soils. For the Perovian soil should be not only drained, but also light enough, loose. Most of Perovskiy perfectly tolerate sandy soils.
Landing of Perovskia
Perovskian landing is a standard procedure. Seedlings are placed in individual pits, or when creating large arrays, Perovian is planted in rows. The main key to success is improving the soil before the procedure. Soil at the place of cultivation must be dug up twice, a portion of organic fertilizers is introduced between the procedures (compost feeding is best for the plant). Sand should also be added to the soil to improve the texture, if necessary, lay a drainage around the perimeter of the site.
The distance during planting should be at least 50 cm between the plants. Perovskiy is formed by lush, sloping and dense sods, and it is impossible to thicken plantings for this culture. The landing itself is carried out, carefully preserving the earthen lump around the rhizome of Perovskia and not destroying it even on the sides. The level of deepening for seedlings is kept the same. After planting, young Perovskis need to provide regular watering until they are fully adapted (then the plants are transferred to the usual care schedule.
Perovskia is not afraid of transplants, but in one place it can grow for decades.
This culture cannot be called anything other than easy-care. Perovskia does not require almost any care, is not afraid of heat, drought, or competition.
There is no need to water Perovskiy. Only if very hot days are given out, is it better to water the bushes additionally to maintain the abundance of flowering. A short drought will not cause harm to plants. When watering, you need to be careful: water should not fall on the base of the shoots. If precipitation is too frequent and strong, the soil is waterlogged, it is better to resume the level of drainage by loosening. To avoid the risk of excess moisture and decay will help and mulching.
Perovskys are not needed and top dressing (except for pre-planting soil improvement). Yes, and pruning is reduced to a spring cut of dry turf. Shoots in March or April, before the plants wake up, are cut off literally to the base, leaving stumps about 10 cm high. In autumn, the Perovian is not necessary to cut: gray shoots are one of the most spectacular decorations of the winter garden.
Wintering of Perovskia
Despite the fact that Perovskia is known by various “Russian” nicknames, it will need special protection for the winter. The plant tolerates frosts well, but does not like thaws and instability. Therefore, sods before the first frosts are recommended to be mulched with plant materials and spud with dry foliage. Remove the shelter as soon as possible, as soon as the temperature rises slightly in early spring.
Pest and Disease Control
Perovskiy is ranked as a stable, almost invulnerable garden perennial. Pests and typical problems are not afraid of her, but even the slightest waterlogging of the soil can cause the rapid development of stem and root rot.
Reproduction of Perovskia
Despite its similarities with catnip, lavender and sage, Perovian is far from being as simple as it might seem at first glance. After all, it is impossible to propagate it by simple division of the bush. For this culture, only two breeding methods are used:
Plants obtained by this method bloom only in the fifth year after sowing, so it is much easier to use another method or to get ready seedlings. The seeds of Perovskia are sown immediately in open ground, on seedling ridges or directly in a permanent place.
Sowing is best done as soon as possible, immediately after the soil has warmed up. Sowing to a depth of 2-3 cm is carried out from the furrow. The aisles should be large - about 70 cm. After the shoots have become stronger, the seedlings are thinned out and begin to grow. In the second year (or later), the Perovian sown on ridges is planted in a permanent place.
Read more about growing perovskia from seeds in the article: How to grow perovskia from seeds?
Cuttings are cut from young shoots in early summer, using branches about 7-10 cm long. The lower leaves must be removed from them, and the slices should be treated with a growth stimulator. Root perovskiy in a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts under the hood. Seedlings are transferred to open soil at the beginning of autumn.