Soleoli - green ball
Soleirolia, belonging to the nettle family, has been cultivated in our country for over a hundred years. Small, carpet-forming plants with thin filiform shoots on which small oval leaves "sit" are grown in warm regions like a balcony plant. U salt cultivation is cultivated in pots, and it does not form a carpet, but a small "ball".
Kind Soleilia (Soleirolia), or Gelksina (Helksina) (Helxine) Is the monotypic genus of the nettle family (Urticaceae) The only species is the Soleoliroya Soleirolya (Soleirolia soleirolii).
Description of Salinity
In nature, solyrol is found on rocks in humid and shady places on the islands of Corsica, Sardinia. These are perennial herbaceous plants, creeping, with thin, densely leafy shoots. The leaves are small, roundly kidney-shaped, heart-shaped at the base, green, glossy. The flowers are small, single.
The stalks of salinity are densely intertwined, as from each bosom of the leaf during the growth of the plant more and more young shoots appear, forming a thick, pale green rug. The roots are thin, filiform.
Several new varieties of saltworks have been developed not only with green, but with silver and even golden leaves. All of them form compact mounds of no more than 5 cm in height.
In the winter gardens of saltworks, this is a wonderful groundcover; it works well in terrariums and bottle gardens. In the room it is placed in hanging vases, put on tables, coasters, planted in large pots with other plants (but it must be borne in mind that salt can strangle low plants), decorate the corners of the aquarium with it.
Temperature: Moderate, not higher than 25 ° C, in winter not lower than 8 ° C, optimally - about 15 ° C.
Lighting: Soleoli prefers a well-lit place, protected in the summer from direct sun, you can light partial shade. In winter, you need good lighting. It grows well on the northern windows. In a too shaded place, the plant will be poor and not grow densely.
Watering Saline: Abundant in spring and summer, a little more moderate in winter. Water for irrigation is recommended only soft.
Fertilizer: If transplanting saliolysis annually, then you can not fertilize it. It is necessary to feed saline in the period from March to September, every 2 weeks with complex fertilizer for decorative and deciduous plants.
Air humidity: Soleoli requires high humidity. It is sprayed several times a day with warm soft water if the temperature is above 20 ° C. If the temperature is below 20 ° C, you can spray less often - after 2-3 days.
Transfer: Annually in the spring. A container for salt therapy, if one is planted, is wide, not deep dishes. The soil should be loose and moisture-resistant. Composition - 1 part of clay soil, 1 part of leaf and 1 part of sand. Good drainage is required. When transplanting, the earth is not compacted or compacted, it should not lose friability and allow air to pass through well.
Breeding: Solerolia propagated by division in the spring during transplantation. After the separated part of the bush with the roots is planted in a pot with drainage, it is not watered for the first 2 days and kept in a cool place.
Features of growing salinity at home
Salioli prefers bright diffused light, can grow year-round under artificial lighting with fluorescent lamps (without losing decorativeness). May tolerate some shading. The plant should be shaded from direct sunlight, especially in the summer.
A temperature of 18..25 ° C is preferable for salinolysis in the spring-summer period, in winter the plant can be both in a warm room - about 20 ° C, and in an unheated one, where the temperature is above zero (not lower than 8 ° C).
Salting is watered during the growing season with copious, soft, settled water, as the upper layer of the substrate dries. The earthen lump should be constantly moist, without overdrying. It is best to pour water into the pan. The plant can die even from a single drying out. When cold wintering watering is recommended to reduce, water carefully.
The plant is hygrophilous; in warm weather it needs daily spraying with soft, settled water. In winter, in cool conditions, do not spray - rot may develop.
Once every 2-3 weeks during the period of active vegetation, saliolion is watered with flower fertilizer. In winter, they feed only occasionally. Top dressing causes violent growth of greenery.
It is possible to transplant salioli at any time, but it is better in the spring, if necessary. But basically a transplant is not needed, since it is better to re-grow young plants in spring. Dishes should be low (flat), wide. It can be planted in turf soil mixed with sand or small, clean pebbles. Any commercially available land with a pH of 5-7 is suitable. Soleoli grows well in hydroponic culture and on an ionic substrate.
Propagation of Soleroilia
Solyrol is propagated by the separated parts of the plant having roots and cuttings. At high temperature, delicate shoots taken for cuttings are easily rooted. It is necessary to plant a lot of them immediately in one pot. A small lump of earth with stalks from an old plant is transferred to the surface of moist soil in a new pot, and after a while tiny green leaves grow throughout the pot.
Types of Salting
Salioli (Soleirolia soleirolii) Is the only species of this genus, which is creeping ground cover plants. Overgrowing, salinity covers its entire surface of the earth with its greenery and hangs from the pot with a green carpet. The leaves are rounded and very small, about 0.5 cm in diameter. Blooms in small, solitary and nondescript flowers.
Possible difficulties in growing salinity
Even a single drying of an earthen coma can cause the death of the plant.
Stagnant water in the pan causes root decay.
Direct sunlight can cause severe burns to the plant.
After 2-3 years, the plant loses its decorative effect and needs to be renewed.
Damaged by pests rarely.
Soleirolia is a very unpretentious plant that can create a favorable atmosphere in your home.
We wish you success!