Bougainvillea - a gorgeous Brazilian beauty
Both avid plant growers and people who are not at all keen on plants will not be able to remain indifferent to the beauty of the charming plant of Bougainvillea (sometimes spelled Bougainville, lat. Bougainvillea) Plant of the nictagin family (Nyctaginaceae) is represented most often by small trees, vines or in the form of shrubs.
Today, there are about 14 species of lush exotic beauties. Bougainvilleas are characterized by creeping and clinging shoots, vines covered with thorns. The plant is widespread in South America and Asia, but now you can grow it almost anywhere. Bougainvillea adorns gardens and loggias, architectural structures and buildings. However, you can grow it at home on the windowsill.
Features of Bougainvillea
Despite the brightness, the flowers of the plant are quite small and nondescript. The bracts give the beauty and luxurious look of bougainvillea. They can be of various bright colors: white and cream, pinkish and violet, as well as red and purple hues. There are plants of two colors. The stem of the flower is lignified, but in the vines the shoots are very flexible, which allows them to be formed into a variety of forms. The leaves are dense and covered with fluff, have an ovoid shape. In different conditions, the plant can reach different sizes.
In the garden and in natural conditions, they can grow up to 15 meters in height. At home, of course, less. Flowering occurs several times a year, almost continuously.
Caring for bougainvillea at home
Bougainvillea loves the light. In order for the plant to grow and bloom well, it is necessary to observe a certain temperature regime. During it she feels good at a rather high temperature, up to 30 degrees. In winter, at rest, the temperature should be room temperature, but not higher than 12 degrees. At this time, it is better to transfer the plant to a dark place.
Watering should be moderate and regular.
The air should be humid. In the summer and in dry air in the winter, you need to regularly spray the vine with water. Once a week, it is necessary to feed the flower with fertilizers. In winter, bougainvillea is at rest, it is not necessary to feed it at this time.
Transplantation and reproduction
In the spring, the plants take root pretty quickly. A transplant is needed once a year if bougainvillea grows at home. It is necessary to transplant carefully, by transfer from one pot to another, without damaging the lump of earth.
The plant propagates in the summer period by cuttings or aerial layering.
In the spring and after each flowering, pruning must be done, otherwise the bougainvillea loses its shape, thins and badly branches.
Pests and diseases of bougainvillea
Bougainvillea can get sick. Then it begins to grow poorly, the leaves begin to fall off. This occurs with waterlogging, or with a long stay of the plant in a draft. The plant may die if the water stagnates. Aphids or mealybugs can infect a flower. This will create some difficulties, but they are quite treatable.
Chic Brazilian decorative beauty will transform any room. Especially if several types of plants are combined into one colorful composition.