Cranberries large-fruited Red Star
They say and write that such a popular berry as cranberries was not enough to satisfy the needs of the population, not to mention the processing industry. And the berry is really useful, because cranberry fruits contain an increased amount of organic acids, vitamins, enzymes, microelements, antimicrobial substances and other biologically active elements. In addition, cranberry fruits retain their presentation for a very long time. They improve the functioning of the stomach and intestines, increase the strength and elasticity of the walls of blood vessels, promote the absorption of vitamin C.
Doctors recommend eating cranberry berries in food for atherosclerosis, hypertension and other diseases associated with increased permeability and fragility of capillaries. Drinks made from these berries enhance the effect of antibiotics and sulfa drugs. Cranberry juice is a proven adjuvant in the treatment of urinary tract infections. It is also used to prevent the formation of certain types of kidney stones.
If cranberries are not enough as wild gifts of nature, then this means that you need to grow it in culture. And our gardening enthusiasts are already growing. They grow different varieties who like what. Some people prefer to bring cranberries to the garden directly from the forest, believing that it is more useful and is, it seems, a traditionally Russian berry. Others grow cultivated varieties of domestic or foreign selection at their sites as the most effective.
Among the latter varieties, Red Star cranberry variety stands out. He is considered the best variety of garden cranberries in European and world selection. This cranberry is appreciated by gardeners because of its excellent harvest and good adaptability to the most unexpected weather conditions. But its main advantage is its exceptional frost resistance (up to minus 30 degrees and more). Red Star is characterized by an increased growth rate, its bushes grow rapidly and enter the fruiting season. This cranberry and flower growers as ornamental plants for alpine hills or the coastline of their reservoirs.
Cranberries Red Star has a bush height of 15-20 cm with stiff shoots. Berries up to 2 cm in size, large, dark red light with a slight waxy coating, sweet-sour. The plant is characterized by abundant fruiting. Growing this variety of cranberries, it should be remembered that the place for planting should be sunny, only then it will bear fruit well. Cranberries prefer loose, light and acidic soils (peat). Slightly acidic or neutral soil should be periodically acidified. Before planting, it is recommended that the container with the seedling be immersed in water for 15-20 minutes so that the substrate is well saturated with moisture. The depth of the planting pit can be 30-40 cm, diameter 50 cm. Nutritious peat mixture is poured onto the bottom of the planting pit. After that they put a bush there, straighten the roots, fill it with earth and condense. Water abundantly. Planted plants must be shaded from the bright spring sun.
Some cranberry gardeners make a separate flowerbed exclusively with acidic soil: they dig a shallow trench, spread non-woven material in it to separate the cranberry planting from everything else, and fill it with acidic soil. For growing cranberries, you can use separate flowerpots and containers in which the cranberry feels great, because its roots are superficial. Other gardeners go even further, growing cranberries on vertical beds, placing containers on slightly tilted racks of vertical beds. It seems that this is a good idea for designers to grow cranberries as an ornamental plant, combining, as they say, pleasant with useful. Significant land savings are obtained along with the decorative decoration of the land.
Further care for cranberries consists in periodic top dressing, watering, loosening the soil and removing weeds. Cranberries are recommended to be fed with mineral fertilizers, but only in small doses. Watering is very important, especially in dry and hot periods, since it protects the roots not only from drying out, but also from overheating. Watering is combined with spraying the entire bush. However, excessive irrigation or stagnation of water leads to the displacement of air from the ground, which can sometimes cause the death of plants. More detailed information about the fertilizers used: ammonium sulfate (7-8 g / m2), superphosphate (8-10 g / m2), potassium sulfate (20-25 g / m2), magnesium sulfate (10-12 g / m2). It is recommended to plant the cranberries with sand (a layer of 1-2 cm about once a season). Of course, peat should be mulched planting regularly. Collect large Red Star berries can be immature, in September-October, giving them the opportunity to ripen during storage.
It would be wrong for the Botanichka reader interested in cranberry cultivation to limit it to a single variety of large-fruited cranberries, depriving him of a creative choice. The following are cranberry varieties recommended for cultivation in the Moscow region.
- «Ben Lear"- the berries are large, 18–20 mm in diameter, roundish, maroon, almost black, glossy, with hard flesh, ripen in late August - early September, and are used mainly for processing and freezing.
- «Black vale"- medium-sized berries, 15-18 mm in diameter, oblong-oval, dark red, ripen in early September, are used both fresh and for processing.
- «Wilcox"- medium-sized berries, up to 20 mm in diameter, oblong-oval, bright red, ripen in mid-September, used fresh and for processing.
- «Franklin"- oblong-oval berries, 15-17 mm in length, 13-15 mm in width, dark red, ripen in mid-September, are used fresh and for processing.
- «Pearlles"- the berries are large, oblong, up to 23 mm long, dark red, without gloss, sometimes with specks, with dense flesh, ripen in mid-September, are used fresh and for processing.
- «Stevens"- the berries are large, rounded oval, with a diameter of 22-24 mm, dark red, dense, very well stored (up to 1 year), ripen in late September, used fresh and for processing.
- «Mc. Farlin"- the berries are round-oval, dark red, with a dense wax coating and hard flesh, of excellent taste, ripen in late September - early October, are well stored, used fresh and in processed form.
For those gardeners who are interested in domestic varieties of large-fruited cranberries, we report some of the most common.
- Gift of Kostroma - The berries of this variety are the largest, with an average weight (1.9 g), acidic without aroma, not damaged by pests.
- Sazonovskaya - a cranberry variety with medium-weight berries (0.7 g) of a round-oblate shape. The berries are slightly ribbed, sweet and sour.
- Northerner - Cranberry variety with very large berries (1.1 g) of red color. Frost resistance is high.
- Sominskaya - Cranberry variety with large berry (0.93 g) of red lemon-shaped form. the grade is frost-resistant. Amazed by the "snow mold".
- Khotavitskaya - red and dark red rounded berries of this variety of medium and large size cranberries (0.86 g). The taste is sour, without aroma. Grade advantages - frost resistance. Amazed by the "snow mold".
Late ripe cranberry varieties
- Scarlet Reserve - Bush is undersized, berries are large (0.8 g). Winter hardiness is high.
- The beauty of the north - the berries of this variety of cranberries are large and very large (1.5 g), round-oval, pink, sour taste.