12 year-olds to keep in winter
Not many heat-loving flowers are able to survive the harsh Russian winter. Most annuals die in cold weather even under the warmest shelter. So it is a pity to leave flowers that pleased us all summer to the mercy of fate ... And there is no reason! How do you like the idea of picking your favorite garden flyers into the house before spring? Wintered in the warmth, they gratefully resume their growth next year and themselves will be “asked” to the street when the sun warms up. After all, being annuals in a harsh climate, many plants, in fact, are perennials in their homeland. In this article I’ll talk about which “summers” can be preserved until spring, and what should be their wintering.
The undoubted advantage of wintering of traditional summers (besides the fact that you preserve the plant itself) is that you get the opportunity to propagate it in the spring by cuttings. As a result, already at the beginning of summer you have ready-made annual flowers almost for free!
1. Gatsaniya (Gazania)
African chamomile belongs to the family of asters and has many motley colors, for which flower growers fell in love. A low plant is absolutely unpretentious to the quality of the soil and watering. But for many years it is only at home, in cold countries wintering for it becomes impossible.
However, preserving the plant in winter is quite simple. To do this, in November they dig the strongest bushes and plant them in pots. The wintering room should be bright, and the temperature in it should be no higher than 10 degrees. It is enough to water only occasionally, avoiding strong overdrying of the soil.
2. Clove "Shabo" (Dianthus caryophyllus var. Chabaud)
Most carnations can easily tolerate even severe frosts. But there are species that are very sensitive to cold. For example, a sophisticated Mediterranean beauty named Shabo. It blooms profusely from June to September, dressing in numerous terry inflorescences.
This moody variety does not like cold winters. Therefore, in the middle lane it is grown only in the summer. At the same time, her sheared bushes winter well in a cool room. The lower the temperature, the less water should be watered. In March, the flower is awakened - put on a bright window, resume abundant watering and feeding.
3. Heliotrope tree-like (Heliotropium arborescens)
This plant is hard not to notice on the flowerbed: it attracts the eye with bright caps of purple inflorescences. Some varieties also have a warm, spicy aroma. Tall shrubs bloom all summer and autumn, filling the garden with a pleasant smell. You can save the beauty of the Peruvian plant if you transfer it to the windowsill for the winter.
In a bright place with relative coolness (up to +15 degrees), the heliotrope feels quite comfortable. The most important thing in the process of winter care is not to overdo it with watering, but also not to dry the roots.
4. Gerbera (Gerbera)
The ubiquitous asters are grown all over the world. Among them is the largest "daisy". On an industrial scale, gerberas are grown to cut for bouquets not only at home - in Africa and Asia, but everywhere. True connoisseurs prefer to admire living gerberas on their windowsill.
In winter, greenhouse conditions are ideal for gerberas. But to provide those is not always possible. In winter, these daisies like to while away in coolness (+ 14 ... + 16 degrees) in good light conditions, and they prefer regular, but not too plentiful watering.
5. Coleus Blume (Plectranthus scutellarioides)
This flower from the family Yasnatkovye is a true versatile person: it is known in indoor floriculture, but has earned popularity in landscape design. Unpretentious, many-sided and very bright coleus becomes the basis of all kinds of compositions. In summer, he adorns flowerbeds, and for the winter is adjacent to the number of indoor plants.
It is important to give the flower enough light, regular watering and moderate humidity. In this case, he will not lose decorativeness during the winter. Coleus grows rapidly, so pruning can be done twice: in autumn and spring. In spring, at the same time as pruning, you can cut the plant, because the coleus reproduces well in this way.
6. Kofeya (Cuphea)
A representative of the honey-bearing family, a bright decorative honey plant, is famous for its abundant flowering. At home - in South America - the genus has more than 250 species with different colors of flowers. In garden compositions, he exquisitely looks in tubs and flowerpots. But with the onset of frost, the cafe is brought into the house.
After flowering, pruning is carried out, shortening the shoots by 1 3. This will make wintering easier and save strength for the plant. The temperature for winter maintenance should be about 10 degrees, and watering under such conditions is minimized. As in the garden, indoors it is worth protecting delicate leaves from direct sunlight.
7. Osteospermum (Osteospermum)
The habitat gave the plant a more resounding nickname - "African Daisy". In nature, it is a voluminous shrub with large inflorescences similar to daisies. Among cultivated varieties there are hybrids with a very unusual petal structure and a very elegant color.
Exotic flowers can withstand temperatures up to -10 degrees, but not lower. In severe winters, the bush is dug up and transferred to a cool room in which it waits for the cold. The key to a successful wintering is coolness (not higher than +5 degrees) and the presence of ambient light.
8. Petunia (Petunia)
The numerous genus from the nightshade family unites an infinite variety of species. But only one of them is found in the northern latitudes, the rest are heat-loving and do not winter in open ground. And yet I do not want to part with variegated flowers! Yes and no need, because petunia can pass the winter on the insulated balcony.
In October, short stems are shortened and a flower pot is placed in a cool room (about +5 degrees). In such conditions, petunia is waiting for February, with minimal watering and gentle lighting. In March, the flower is awakened from sleep - brought into a warm room and watered abundantly.
Similarly, a variety of petunia winters, an ampelous beauty with long branches - surfinia.
9. Felicia (Felicia)
South African guest Felicia, like her own name, is sophisticated and tender. From the usual daisies it is distinguished by large sky-blue flowers. Indefatigable felicia dwells in bloom all summer and autumn, right up to the very frosts. Low annuals decorate borders and grow the plant as a container culture.
With the advent of cold weather, the flower is transferred to a cool room where the temperature will remain throughout the winter no higher than +10 degrees. With enough light, chamomiles can continue to bloom, requiring periodic watering.
10. Korean Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum × koreanum)
Even the smell of chrysanthemums is associated with the arrival of autumn! By the way, in ancient China, this flower is a real symbol of longevity and wealth. Perhaps this is another reason to grow it in your garden? In addition, the number of varieties of chrysanthemums is constantly growing. Among the favorite Korean chrysanthemums, most successfully endure our frosts. Snowless winters with frequent thaws are more dangerous for them - not so rare in the central zone.
If you are afraid that your beloved chrysanthemum will not survive the winter, feel free to take it to the house. Moreover, Korean hybrids are often grown as an indoor crop. Faded chrysanthemum is only slightly cut off and kept in partial shade, at a temperature of up to +10 degrees, making sure that the earthen lump does not dry out.
11. Cineraria seaside (Cineraria maritima)
This extraordinarily beautiful flower is also called the "Ashy Cross". Without undue modesty, he stands on a pedestal of decorative background plants. Amazing carved leaves with silver pile will decorate any flower bed. In wild conditions, cineraria grows in the Mediterranean, and is used as an annual plant in countries with a cold climate.
To preserve a “terry” plant in winter, just dig it up and bring it into the house, placing it away from heating appliances, in diffused light. Watering, as in open ground, requires rare. Even in winter, cineraria continues to grow, but not so intensively.
12. Euriops (Euryops)
Another representative of the astro, who hails from South Africa. This rare and attractive plant forms a large tall bush with narrow leaves similar to wormwood leaves. In summer, the entire bush is strewn with small yellow-orange flowers. In open ground, the heat-loving euryops sleeps until the first frost.
In autumn, the bush is divided, planting in pots. Unpretentious in the ground, it will not cause trouble in the room. A lot of light, relative coolness and regular moderate watering - that’s all he needs to wait out the winter.
By the way, some indoor flowers during the summer months may well become garden. The most tolerant of temperature extremes are balsam and evergreen begonia, and pelargonium can even be planted on a flowerbed in summer. Just have time to return them to the house with the advent of cold weather!
Dear readers! Perhaps you have the experience of a successful wintering of annual flowers, which I did not mention in the article. Tell us about it in the comments. I think all readers will be interested.