Oxygen Fruit, or Ekremokarpus - exotic liana
One of the most spectacular horticultural creepers has fully earned its status as "capricious exot." True, it is ranked among demanding plants not because of special care, but because of low frost resistance. Oxyfruits as a perennial are grown only with a dig for the winter from the soil or as a container plant. But in grace and grace, the ovary does not know competitors. This is a beautiful vine with original fiery flowers, exotic and elegant at the same time.
Fast-growing and colorful creepers
Among the garden vines, which today from the rank of rare plants for growing on pylons have turned into real design stars, universal, tireless, allowing you to fill large areas in a short time, there are boring traditional species and real exotics. One of the latter is the ovule fruit, little known by its botanical name as ecremocarpus. These are fast-growing perennial creepers native to Chile, which are grown all over the world as annuals. Beautiful foliage and abundant flowering does not detract from the grace of the plant, one of the most graceful of openwork climbers.
Ovaries, orEkremokarpusy, or Ekkremokarpy (Eccremocarpus) - creeping grassy perennials reaching a height (or rather, a length) of at least 2-3 meters. Despite the fact that 4 species of plants are included in this genus, a single species is grown as a decorative culture - Orygody rough, or Ekremokarpus grungy (Eccremocarpus scaber).
This is a very elegant look, producing almost straight thin lashes, delicate and elegant, beautifully curling along the support. He is able to cling to almost any support, tiny, but numerous antennae ensure its reliable engagement. The ovum is rough, even in an annual culture capable of reaching heights of up to 5 meters. The liana itself seems airy and weightless. But despite the apparent fragility and delicacy, the ovule fruit perfectly protects from the wind and creates continuous coatings that protect against prying eyes. The leaves are complex-pinnate, sit opposite, consist of 3 to 7 small lobes, give the crown a delicacy, curl and weightlessness. Dark, saturated color only emphasizes the beauty of foliage. It is difficult to distinguish individual leaflets in the “carpet” of the ovum; it is as if the greenery “ripples” in the eyes. At the edges of leaves, leaving the central veins, there are branched, seemingly inconspicuous at first glance antennae. Tuberous liana develops.
The luxurious lace of the plant is not inferior in beauty to flowering, but it is the beauty of the latter that is considered the best characteristic of the vine. Graceful, small tubular flowers, painted in fiery colors, are collected in loose brushes of inflorescences at the very ends of the branches. They are located opposite to the foliage, due to which they stand out even more against its background. The tube is narrow, the pharynx is almost closed. Flowers seem strokes, splashes, scattered on the openwork background. After flowering, greenish fruits similar to spears or mini-peppers begin to ripen, beginning to ripen in August. The formation of fruits in place of withering flowers negatively affects the abundance of flowering.
The oxycarpous color palette includes only fiery shades - red and orange in various bright combinations, often mixed together in variegated flowers.
The flowering of this vine lasts a very long time, takes at least 2.5 months - from July to the arrival of the first frosts. And if greenery fades in the cold, then the flowers of the first cold weather are not afraid.
In addition to the base plant, breeders have developed improved garden forms of the ovule. They differ from the base plant in color and more abundant flowering. The decorative forms of the ovoid are rough:
- “Tresco Scarlet” - orange-red, bright variety with yellow throat and red tube base;
- "Tresco Gold" - a beautiful liana with golden, radiant flowers in denser inflorescences;
- "Tresco Rose" - catchy, variegated variety with a cherry shade of pink flowers and a bright orange pharynx;
- Multi-colored mix "Tresco";
- Salmon, with beautiful golden edges, the grade "Pink Trumpets";
- Charming golden-color variety "Aureus".
The use of ovary in garden design
The ovary is one of the most exotic lianas for decorating various supports, protecting resting places, creating colorful screens, masking and vertical upholstery. It looks great on the fence, grate, gazebo, arches and even the walls of the terrace, houses, awnings. Especially beneficial is the beauty of ekremokarpusa in the background, in the role of openwork background.
The ovary will grow equally well in the garden, and on the balcony, and on the terrace. The main thing is to choose a warm, bright location for him. At the same time, the liana can be used both for temporary decoration (for just one season), and as an original permanent soloist in potted gardens and decorative compositions.
Oxycrops Growing Strategies
At home, the liana renews annually due to the large rhizome, but the tubers are susceptible to frost, winter only in temperatures above 0 degrees. Only horticulturists of regions with very mild winters may not worry about how the ovule is wintering in the garden. For the middle zone, this culture is too sensitive, and a little winter-hardy vine will not only have to be covered, but put away in a non-freezing room.
It is most convenient to grow oxyfruit in large containers. This way it is easier to provide both stable soil nutrition and irrigation necessary for the plant. But you can plant seedlings directly in open soil.
3 strategies for growing oats:
- As an annual vine - with sowing seeds for seedlings and carrying young plants in open soil or containers.
- As biennials, with sowing in late summer or early autumn in cold greenhouses, wintering in a frost-free room and planting in the garden next year.
- Like a perennial plant that is cleaned indoors for the winter.
Conditions Required by Ekremocarpus
Oxygenates do not tolerate wetting too well, especially during the flowering period. Therefore, the liana is placed in places where it will be protected from precipitation. When grown in containers, finding a comfortable location will not be difficult. But when landing in the ground it is better to choose the most protected, secluded corners. As for the lighting, then for the ovum, it should be the brightest. Solar locations, walls and slopes of the southern orientation in the warmest places of the garden are the best places for this creeper.
For oxycarp, you need to carefully select the soil. This liana is suitable for loose, moist and loamy or sandy loamy soil (and preferably sandy-clay soil at all). It is especially important to ensure high soil fertility by additionally adding a portion of complete mineral fertilizers and organic matter before planting. The substrate for the containers is selected from among the loose universal earth mixtures.
Seedlings of lianas in a permanent place or in large containers for the garden and terrace are carried out only in May, after the threat of return frost has passed. Ekremokarpus placed at a distance of 30 cm between plants: he has a compact rhizome, this is a tuberous plant, which does not need much space.
Before planting vines in the soil, organic fertilizers must be applied. When planting seedlings, it is better to keep the soil lump intact. In containers, a thick drainage is laid at the bottom of the tank. The procedure should be completed with abundant watering and mulching.
Oxygen Fertility Care
It is very difficult to grow Ekremokarpus without watering. This liana from the number of exotics in both containers and soil requires constant soil moisture. Systemic irrigation is not required, but even small droughts are best compensated by moisture. Of course, ekremokarpus growing in tubs and containers is watered regularly, in the summer - daily or more often.
It will be required oxycarpus and top dressing. For container ovocarp, they are applied weekly using complex fertilizers for flowering plants or any mineral fertilizers. Start the procedure from the moment of planting in the soil or carrying to the garden and continue until August. 2-3 growing fertilizers are added for the growing ovaries in the active season — one month after planting, at the budding stage and at the very beginning of flowering. You can use another strategy - to fertilize twice a month. For this vine, it is also better to use full mineral mixtures or fertilizers for flowering ornamental plants.
For a lover of stable conditions for growing ovocarp, it is better to provide mulching of the soil. For this creeper in any form of cultivation, all plant materials and decorative mulch are suitable.
Ekkremokarpus forms a huge number of small antennae, which cling well to the support. But the shoots themselves still need to be guided, tied up, “intercepted” as they grow, so that the ovum is more actively climbing the support.
In order for the ovary to bloom relentlessly and really admire the fire bells from May to October, it will be necessary to regularly remove the fading inflorescences and not allow the fruit to ripen. But the main guarantee of lush flowering is timely pruning. In order for the ovule fruit to actively develop, reach large sizes, show off with large inflorescences, it is necessary to shorten the long shoots even before it is brought back to the garden.
You can save the liana for the next year only by transferring it in containers to the room. When oviparous growing in the soil, when digging, it is advisable not to destroy the soil coma around the tuber. Before taking the plant away for the winter, the shoots are shortened. Luxurious ovaries should winter in a cool, but not too cold room. The optimum wintering temperature for this creeper is from 5 to 10 degrees heat (maximum - 15 degrees). But the main parameter is not temperature at all, but access to light. In order for the ovary to retain its beauty and not to be conceived, it must even be kept in a bright place even in winter.
Pest and Disease Control
Oxycarp is a fairly persistent plant that does not suffer from fungal diseases and is rarely attacked by pests. The only exception is aphid, which, in the vicinity of infected plants, can spread to this openwork vine. It is only necessary to fight it with insecticides.
Methods of reproduction
This vine is grown not only through seedlings, but also by direct sowing in open soil (in May, after the soil has warmed up), but this option is ineffective for the middle lane. Seeds for seedlings are sown in a nutritious, loose substrate in February or March, in cassettes or common containers. The seeds are small enough, so for sowing them, it is better to mix them with sand or earth. Before sowing, the substrate is gently moistened. From above, the seeds are covered with a thin layer of soil, sprayed from the spray gun and germinated under glass or film. In general, the process of emergence of seedlings takes 2 weeks, during which you need to ventilate the crops daily. The pick is carried out in peat pots or individual containers at the stage of the appearance of the third real leaf. For plants, it is better to immediately put a support. From the beginning of May it is better to start seedlings to temper. Once the threat of late frost has passed, it can be transported to containers for the garden or open soil.
When preserving lianas for the winter, growing as a biennial, the ovule fruit can also be propagated by root cuttings, separating them at the beginning of autumn. You need to root the cuttings in a loose substrate, under a cap, and then grow the plants in a cool room during the winter with an air temperature of 12 to 15 degrees Celsius.
On a note: oxyfruit seeds ripen even in the midland during successful fall. But if they still do not have time to ripen, the fruits can be "brought" in room conditions by hanging them in a bright, ventilated room. After a month or a little more, the seeds ripen and you can get your own supply of creeper seeds.