Over the years, various directions for growing dwarf plants have been formed and stylized in Japanese art Bonsai. There are a great many, but the main ones are about twenty. To successfully grow a dwarf tree, you need to adhere to a certain chosen style.
Bonsai Styles for Freestanding Plants
Chokkan Style or the correct upright style. Suitable for conifers and some fruit trees. In this style, the crown shape of the plant is in the form of a triangle, due to the fact that the branches of the tree are directed in different directions. The roots and trunk with a cut on the tree should be visually visible, for this this part of the tree is freed from branches. The container or vase for the plant can be oval and rectangular in shape. The branches and leaves of the tree should not be too thick and evenly spaced. The upper tier of the tree branches should be shorter than the lower tiers. This style is very simple, and is the basis of Bonsai art.
Moyogi Style or straight tree style. It is very reminiscent of a shakan, but the barrel in style is much more curved. The top and base of the tree is located on one vertical line, but the middle of the trunk is abruptly curved to the side. The tree has silent branches and they are located asymmetrically on different sides of the trunk.
Hokidachi Style or broomstick style. In it, the tree has a straight trunk with branches directed in different directions, in appearance resembling a small broom. The bottom of the trunk branches are removed.
The most common art style of bonsai is kangai styleor cascading style, named for the location of the crown of the tree. In this style, the tree trunk is abruptly bent in one direction, almost to the very base of the pot or vase, sometimes even lower. The branches in this case have a direction towards the bend. To balance such a composition, one branch is left on the opposite side of the trunk, having the opposite direction from the bend.
Han-Kengai Style or semi-cascading style. He is a lite version of kangai. At the beginning, the tree grows directly, then sharply leans to the side, hanging over the vase. Visually, it looks like a tree bent over a precipice. For harmony, a box for this style is better to use a tall or elongated vase.
Bankan Style. It is not easy to execute; in this style the tree has a trunk twisted by a bundle. The location of the branches is only in the upper part, everything else is deleted. When removing unnecessary branches, you need to be careful not to damage the tree bark.
Neagari Style. This is a sophisticated banana style. In this style, the roots of the plant are twisted, not the trunk. The roots themselves protrude high above the ground and rise above it. The nzagari style is one of the most original and unusual styles in Bonsai art.
Tarimiki Style (Sharimiki). A rather unusual style for Bonsai art. The trunk of the tree in this force is cleared of bark and the plant itself resembles the dead with an external, rather unusual appearance.
Bujingi Style (Bunjingi). To grow a tree in this style is very difficult. The trunk of the tree is strongly curved at the apex, and this is very difficult to achieve. This style is very ancient and is the most decorative of all others. It is an elite destination in Bonsai.
Seikijoju style (Sekijoju). This is a tree grown on "rocks", to create this effect, you need to pick up several large stones and place them on the surface of the soil in a container. The roots of the tree over time braid the stones and go deeper into the ground. For this style, you need a plant with a powerful root system and a well-branched crown. Maple and pine meet these requirements and are great for this style.
Style Ishitsuki (Ishitsuki). It is a kind of style on the rocks. In this style, the roots of the tree do not flow around the stones, but penetrate their crevices. To create a tree in this style, you need to find suitable stones with wide crevices. The roots in this style should be long and reach the ground. Therefore, when replanting, the roots of the tree are not removed.
Shakan Style or the wrong rectangular style. It resembles a tekkan style. In this style, the tree has a slightly sloping shape, the roots must peek out from the ground to create the effect that the tree has been torn out of the ground by strong winds. The branches have a direction in one direction, visually the tree looks as if it resists wind gusts.
Fukinagashi Style. In this style, the tree has branches directed in one direction, in appearance it resembles a tree growing on the seashore. It has a height of up to 25 centimeters. In order to grow such a tiny plant, you need to carefully select the type of plant or purchase in a greenhouse. For this, trees with thick short trunks, very small leaves, fruits and flowers are well suited. Such a miniature Bonsai is grown in small tanks with a small amount of soil. Therefore, a plant of this style grows very slowly. The requirements for caring for such a tree is regular watering, because of the small amount of land in the tank, it dries quickly and therefore you need to monitor the soil moisture in the container.
Ikadabuki Style (Ikadabuki) This bonsai style imitates a natural phenomenon that occurs in nature when new trunks grow from the trunk of a fallen tree. Young trees can have both straight and branching forms, and also be of different heights. In Ikadabuki bonsai, new stems grow on a straight trunk and therefore are on a relatively straight line.
Youse-Ue Style. This style is also called a grove. It resembles the style of kabudati. Trees are selected of various types and harmonious among themselves having common conditions of care. The goal of this style is to give trees the appearance of a small forest.
Sokan Style. This type of composition is made of two trees with fused roots. Each of the plants can be given a different shape in height, in the form of a bend, in accordance with any Bonsai style.
Kabudati Style. This is a composition of several tree trunks. To create this style, you need to plant an even number of shoots of the same species in a vase or container, and their location should be very close to each other. When the trees become large they can begin to form in a single style. Such a tree looks visually as a single unit of two tree trunks.