Gooseberry Autumn Care by the Rules
Do you know that just recently, about a hundred years ago, gooseberries were much more popular than currants? And the sphere library, which is often called powdery mildew, knocked him from a distance. In those years, the sphere library, appearing after the Colorado potato beetle (it is believed that from the American continent), began to destroy gooseberries in hectares, affecting everything: shoots, leaves, fruits, delicate growths. The bush simply rotted in front of the owner, and the latter could not do anything about it.
Fortunately, thanks to the hard work of breeders, sphere-resistant varieties and those that, although they suffer from powdery mildew, have appeared to a lesser extent. Yes, and no one canceled the treatment with fungicides, so the gooseberry gradually rises. And in order to help gooseberries catch up with at least currants in their squares, it is necessary to properly care for them. And not only in spring and summer, but also in the dank and rainy autumn period.
- The main measures for the care of gooseberries - briefly
- Removing debris from the gooseberry bite in the fall
- Gooseberry weed control in autumn
- Digging in the gooseberry near-mouth area in autumn
- Moisture charging watering of gooseberries in autumn
- Gooseberry top dressing in the autumn
- Gooseberry pruning in autumn
- Gooseberry aisle processing in autumn
- Mulching gooseberries in the fall
The main measures for the care of gooseberries - briefly
Few people know, but gooseberry is a culture that is literally eternal and very productive, so a Malachite bush can exist productively for at least a decade and a half, annually increasing a kilogram of berry products. Thus, from a well-developed gooseberry bush, which you looked after properly, you can collect up to a dozen kilograms of both tasty and large berries at the same time, which can be stored for a long period, far transported, and consumed both fresh and recycled. Do not forget that the "royal jam" of gooseberries is still in fashion.
So, let's first briefly just list the main activities that we need to conduct during the autumn period with gooseberry bushes, and then we will describe each of them in more detail so that you have an idea of what and how to do, and at the same time you have would have a minimum of questions.
First of all, you need to pay attention to the gooseberry near-mouth area, having cleared it of foliage and branches. Then you should weed out all the weeds, then dig up the near-chest zone, then carry out water-loading irrigation, then carry out autumn feeding, closer to mid-autumn, crop, then pay attention to the row-spacing, thoroughly digging or even digging them and, finally, carrying out preventive processing, mulch the surface of the gooseberry cushion area.
Removing debris from the gooseberry bite in the fall
What's wrong with her? On it are a bunch of gooseberry leaves that have already crumbled, various sticks, crushed, rotten and whole, but starting to rot fruits and other garbage. That's all you need to be very careful so as not to hurt your hands on thorns (after putting on tight gloves) and run away with a rake, rake to the side, away from the gooseberry bushes. And with other leaves and branches, burn it all down to ash. By the way, the resulting ash is a very valuable natural fertilizer. It is impossible to write off wood ash from the accounts, and in no case should you just throw it in a garbage container.
Gooseberry weed control in autumn
After the gooseberry near-mouth area was clear of fallen leaves, branches and other debris, only weeds weeded by the rake remained on it. Very often wheatgrass prevails among gooseberry weeds. Know that it strongly oppresses this culture, therefore it is absolutely necessary to fight with wheatgrass.
Of course, it is possible to apply herbicides with contact action, that is, which act only when the poison comes in direct contact with the plant. Such herbicides should not be written off, they are often used even in areas where medicinal plants grow. In our case, if the gooseberry bushes are few in your area, then after rain or heavy watering, armed with a small scoop, you can try to dig out the unfortunate wheatgrass from the soil with the maximum amount of its root system, because even if one centimeter of it remains in the soil, the wheatgrass will revive again .
Digging in the gooseberry near-mouth area in autumn
There are two ways - to dig or not to dig. Look, if you are a resident of the center of Russia, where freezing of the gooseberry root system is a rarity and additional mulching (in this case, only sheltering the roots with mulch) is not required for this culture, then it is quite possible to dig the prikustnoe zone, placing the shovel along the root growth and not deepening it is more than 5-6 cm. When digging the gooseberry near-mouth area in autumn, it is important that the lumps of land are turned upside down but not fragmented, but it is also important to prevent the gooseberry root system from being exposed, otherwise the roots may be damaged even in your area. Digging will make it possible to turn out the wintering stages of pests and diseases to the surface, and those will die, elementarily freezing in the winter period. In addition, digging will enhance air and water metabolism and allow excess moisture to evaporate on warm and hot autumn days, and allow the roots to breathe and grow normally: after all, even during leaf fall, small moisture-absorbing roots continue to develop.
Moisture charging watering of gooseberries in autumn
After the soil is loosened, it is possible to carry out a moisture-charging autumn watering of gooseberries. What is it for? Just like for fruit and other berry crops, the moisture content in the soil will not allow it to freeze to a very great depth, and in the winter during provocative thaws, it will thaw, and also to activate the growth processes of plants. In addition, in moisture-rich soil, gooseberry roots absorbing moisture will develop as efficiently as possible before frosts, they will absorb maximum moisture in plants and they will not be afraid of winter drying when even a slight but evaporation of moisture is observed on sunny days from the surface of gooseberry shoots . And if in autumn there will be very little moisture in the soil, and the plants do not have time to accumulate it, then the shoots can dry out corny. Although this does not happen often, it happens.
Gooseberry top dressing in the autumn
Now (in autumn) it is important to do without the use of nitrogen, which can activate the growth processes of the aerial parts of gooseberries, and all the grown parts of the shoots and flower buds starting to swell will simply die in the very near future, because winter is coming.
Usually, dry phosphorus and potash fertilizers are applied under the gooseberry in the autumn. Under a bush younger than five years old, 15-20 g of superphosphate and 10-12 g of potassium sulfate are added; for older plants, this dose can be safely doubled. You can also make wood ash, 250-300 g of wood ash are allowed to be applied to each bush, the gooseberry does not require other fertilizers and winter well without their use.
Gooseberry pruning in autumn
Around mid-autumn, you can completely trim the bushes without any fear for the crop. It is advisable to arm yourself with a very sharp secateurs and thick gloves for protection against spikes. It is also advisable to take some alcohol with you to moisten (for disinfection from infection) the sharp blade of the pruner when moving from one bush to another. First of all, carefully inspect the gooseberry bush, usually the branches that prevent it from developing normally catch their eye, in other words, they are clearly visible.
Cut into a ring all the gooseberry branches that were broken during the harvest period, all those that lie directly on the ground or are inclined to it so low that the berry touches the soil and begins to decay. Next, pay attention to thickening shoots: they usually grow strictly in the center of the gooseberry bush, which leads to thickening, from which it stops being blown by the wind, fungal diseases form, and the crop goes to the periphery of the crown (that is, the quality of the crop and its quantity decrease ), therefore, such branches need to be cut, and the places of cuts should be covered with garden varnish or garden paint.
Try to remove gooseberry shoots that are more than five years old, you can break any pruning shears, so it’s better to use a garden file and cover all sections with garden varnish or garden paint (just in case).
Ideally, after an autumn pruning of gooseberries six or seven years old, no more than five or six of the strongest and most well-developed lateral shoots should remain in the bush, which should be the strongest, strongest, youngest, bear fresh lateral growths and, of course, evenly spaced, diverging radially from the bush. It is these gooseberry shoots next year that will give both good growths and a full-fledged crop.
Gooseberry aisle processing in autumn
For those who have several rows of gooseberries, you need to take care of the aisles, be sure to dig the soil there and you can not mulch it in any of the regions. Digging must be combined with weed removal and treatments against possible stages of pests and diseases.
Preventive treatment of gooseberry plants and soil between rows
To protect gooseberries from possible wintering stages of pests and diseases, it is best to treat the plants with 2% Bordeaux liquid, and the soil with 3% Bordeaux liquid. You can treat the plantings and soil with foundationazole or topaz at your own risk and risk, but you already know everything about them.
Mulching of the gooseberry cushion area in autumn
Finally, if you are not a resident of the central, but an inhabitant of the more northern regions of the country, then you need to mulch the root system of gooseberry plants. To do this, a dry and healthy leaf litter that needs to be covered with fir spruce branches so that it does not scatter around the site, as well as needles, sawdust (but note that they acidify the soil a little), humus (by the way, in spring you can not remove humus and loosen it and it will be an additional spring natural fertilizer), and you can also use new-fashioned non-woven covering materials. As a rule, there is not much need for covering materials; it is enough to cover with them only the near-mouth zone.
The main thing, remember that in the spring, the covering material must be removed on time, because under it the soil warms up for a long time, and we absolutely do not need this.
That's all we wanted to tell you about how to care for gooseberries in the fall. In principle, this culture is unpretentious, but it suffers from the same powdery mildew or leaf necrosis quite often, so do not forget about the appropriate treatments in the spring.In the meantime, we are waiting for winter and the first snow that will cover the gray earth for a long six months.