Timofilla yellow - a fashionable summer for the container garden
Among garden flyers, timophylla yellow in recent years is considered one of the main fashionistas. And when small daisies, like thousands of stars scatter on a lace bush, you can’t take your eyes off this spectacle. It’s not easy to take care of thymophyllus, it always requires attention, but it is difficult to imagine a flyer brighter than it is.
- Timofilla Botanical Description
- Popular varieties of timofilla golden yellow
- The use of timofilla in decorative gardening
- Timophyll conditions
- Timofill Care
- Timophyll breeding
Timofilla Botanical Description
Among garden summers, timophylla is considered a new, fashionable and outlandish plant, although it has been used in landscape design for a long time, from the beginning of the 20th century. Timofilla fashion came to us from Europe. Attention to this plant was attracted by the tendency to search for new, unexpected solutions and a fashion for the most magnificent flowers.
Very popular today is only one of the thirteen species of the genus Thymophylla - timofilla golden yellow, or narrow-lobed (Thymophylla tenuiloba). Timophylls are colorful plants native to Central America.
The name Timofill is not very popular with us, as are the various nicknames of the plant. Previously, this flyer qualified as Hymenatherum, but in our country this name is almost never found. Timophylls are often confused with dissodia, although they are independent genera in the family Asteraceae and are somewhat different in type of shoots, and in greenery, and in inflorescences.
Timophylls are also often compared to brachycomas and are even called yellow-flowered brachycoma, although plants differ significantly in their color palette and structural details. Popularly and popular nickname - yellow daisy.
Bushy and densely branched, timophylls form amazingly beautiful pillows. Timophylls are limited to a height of only 30 cm, although often the bushes grow less than 20 cm due to drooping shoots. to have fun in the form of a luxurious pillow, hanging slightly.
Thin needle-shaped or filiform lobes of deeply dissected leaves form, together with branches, a continuous openwork mass, as if the whole plant is a continuous lace of small leaves. The same color of greenery and shoots further enhances the feeling of an unprecedented curlyness of the plant. The shade of greens in timophylla is unique: it is not only much darker than most usual summers, but also cold, emerald-bluish-coniferous.
The flowering period of timofilla golden yellow usually lasts from May to July, although with timely pruning and removal of fading flowers, proper care, it can bloom literally until October. This is a small-flowered, but lush flowering summer. On one bush, thousands of basket inflorescences bloom.
Most often, the inflorescences will not exceed 1 cm in diameter, but they are so bright in color and bloom in such quantity that this deficiency is imperceptible. Timophylls golden yellow, even in the best varieties, are always painted only in a bright, sunny-golden tone. Typical baskets with a not very large center of small orange tubular flowers and narrow-lanceolate reed flowers in a circle on the bushes seem like multi-ray stars or miniature suns.
Popular varieties of timofilla golden yellow
In addition to the base plant, today more and more abundantly colored varieties can be found on sale today. In recent years, the amazing variety "Stemschnuppe". This is timophyllum with an even brighter shade of yellow and with a much thicker emerald-grayish green. It seems petite compared to a classic flyer.
With a brighter, more saturated herbaceous varietyGold carpet”, Which seed producers recommend as a border summer, also deserves attention. Like a longer flowering variety "Golden dawn"Or lemon-golden, larger and spreading variety"Shooting star»With flowers from 1.5 cm in diameter.
The use of timofilla in decorative gardening
Timophiles are the golden queens of ampels. They are grown, first of all, in hanging baskets. Despite the fact that the plant can be entered into complex ensembles, combined with other pilots, the plant will fully reveal the beauty in proud solitude.
Timofilla can be used as an edge for large tubular and potted plants, as a filler between perennial potted plants or in flower boxes.
Timofill in the garden is best placed where there is a feeling of boredom or gloom - as a revitalizing, illuminating, brightening accent. It seems to soften large structures and planes, perfectly compensates for massive wooden structures.
Timofilla golden yellow is a real star in the design of balconies. But no worse it looks on the terrace, in the gazebo, on the veranda, in the recreation areas in the garden. This is a typical potted summer. The plant is planted very rarely in the soil because of its sensitivity to moisture and the difficulties of leaving, but recently it has been experimenting with the use of thymophyllum as a curb or ground cover, masking the voids in the flower beds that need regular watering.
The best partners for timofilla are golden yellow: pelargonium, calceolaria, chrysanthemum, lanthanum, geranium, geyhera, brahikoma.
Timofilla golden yellow is one of the most photophilic flyers. Regardless of whether the plant is grown as an ampelous culture or in boxes and pots, timophyllus should always be exposed to the brightest light.
This yearbook loves loose, slightly acidic, high-quality soils containing organic matter. For timophylls, universal substrates for flowering crops are suitable.
If thymophyllus is planted in the soil, then only sunny, protected from drafts sites and neutral or slightly acidic, loose and nutritious loams are chosen for it.
The planted plant in the open ground only at the end of May, when the return frosts pass. Plants in containers in the open air carry out at the same time. Despite the status of a thermophilic plant, adult thymophylls can continue to bloom even when the temperature drops to 0 degrees.
You can’t call golden yellow the most moody timothy, but you need to take care of it regularly and carefully. In addition to the traditional basic care, any timophyll will need measures to stimulate and maintain flowering.
Watering for this summer is carried out not too often, but plentifully. Timofilla quickly loses its decorative effect when the soil dries up, but she does not like waterlogging and dampness. The frequency of these procedures is established by checking how the substrate dries in pots. In summer, the plant needs daily, or even more frequent watering. If the summer grows in open soil, it is more drought-resistant, but still requires systematic water procedures.
Fertilizing for thymophylls is carried out starting from the sixth week after planting in a permanent container and is carried out every 2 weeks with a standard portion of fertilizers for beautifully flowering plants.
The most difficult thing about caring for timophylla is the constant need for cleaning. Seed formation negatively affects further flowering, you can observe a continuous show for several months only if the wilting baskets are regularly removed. Small flowers thymophyllum pluck out. It is better to make the cleaning procedure regular. If the plant bloomed not too abundantly and for a short period, then shortening the shoots, a light haircut (no more than a third of the length of the shoots) can stimulate repeated flowering.
Timofilla in the open air, especially in the garden, often suffers from aphids and powdery mildew. At the first sign of damage, you can try to save the bushes by spraying with insecticides and fungicides. With severe damage to plants, it is better to destroy.
Like most flyers, thymophyllos are propagated mainly by seeds. The plant is developing rapidly, and growing seedlings is quite simple.
Timophyllus seeds are sown since the end of February, changing the timing depending on the desired flowering. The last crops should be limited to mid-April. Sowing in several terms allows you to stretch the flowering before the advent of frost.
For timophylls, they use not standard, but not too nutritious substrates (an abundance of organics often leads to the loss of young plants). Sowing is carried out in low plows quite thickly, without covering the seeds with soil. Seeds germinate at a temperature of about 20 degrees Celsius after 10-14 days.
Pickling seedlings is carried out after the formation of a pair of real leaves, it can be postponed and carried out a month after emergence. Timophyllus is never planted in one plant, they use small groups or heaps of seedlings in order to immediately get sufficiently thick bushes. It is advisable to lower the temperature for young plants to 12-15 degrees Celsius, and it is better to begin hardening as soon as possible.
Planting in containers and pots can be carried out as they grow up, but thymophylls can be exposed to fresh air only after the threat of return frosts has passed (in the middle lane - not earlier than the end of May). When planting seedlings to neighboring plants, you need to leave a distance of about 20 cm, as the bushes expand quite actively.