9 simple rules for haworthy care
Among compact succulents, haworthia is the No. 1 favorite. Hard leaves in patterned rosettes look bright and bold. And at the same time, haworthia offer such a choice of species and varieties that for any task there is a special plant. Some haworthia will easily decorate florariums, others will settle in kindergartens for succulents, and others will simulate a miniature desert landscape. Despite the fact that each haworthia is in many ways unique, all of them are so unpretentious that they require the same conditions and care. It is enough not to forget a few general rules - and there will be no problems with this succulent.
So different but similar haworthia
Haworthia (Haworthia) form rosettes of short, fleshy, stiff, lanceolate or triangular leaves. They can be pointed or with a blunt tip, dark or bright, decorated with white growths that form stripes and patterns, or almost smooth. The diameter of the outlets varies from tiny 5 cm to almost 30 cm.
Haworthia flowering is inconspicuous and flower stalks are best removed, because the rosettes in most plants die off after flowering.
Haworthia is called a compact, colorful and more varied in color alternatives to aloe. But they do not deserve comparisons, but a special status. The diversity and variability of haworthia is both their main advantage and main problem.
Many species that are now included in the enormous genus Haworthia were considered separate and “different” as far back as the last century. The classification of these succulents is constantly being reviewed, forcing them to seek an individual approach to caring for them.
Read more about the types of haworthia in the material of the 5 most fashionable succulents for modern interiors.
But in the basic requirements, haworthia are similar, and common “denominators” of species are easier to find than they seem. It is enough to remember 9 rules of basic agricultural technology, universal for all species without exception.
1. Care must be taken with all care procedures.
When working with haworthies, you should be very careful. Dust removal from sockets, replanting and even irrigation should be carried out carefully, with minimal contact. It is especially important not to allow the sockets to get wet, to accumulate moisture in the socket. For havortia, it is better to irrigate along the very edge of the pot, so that the water does not flow without pouring water into the center of the outlet or onto the leaves.
It is worth remembering the toxicity of haworthia: contact with the milk juice of this succulent is no less dangerous than with milkweed.
2. No bright sun
Light-loving haworthia can survive in the deserts. But houseplants partially lost their complete invulnerability. Havortia do not tolerate direct sunlight very well, it often leaves large burns on varietal plants or leads to the loss of contrasting patterns and a beautiful dark color.
When choosing a place for haworthies, the southern windows should be chosen only if it is possible to scatter the direct sun at lunch. But on the eastern and western windows, the haworthia is more comfortable.
3. Moderately high temperatures
Haworthia are able to cope with any temperature. They are not afraid of heat, drops and do not react too well only to sharp cooling (below 10 degrees).
But if you collect rare species and varieties, especially specimens with brighter colors and patterns, you should make sure that in summer the air temperature does not fall below 22 degrees and does not exceed 25 degrees. In such conditions, any haworthia will reveal its beauty more fully.
4. Cool wintering, if possible
Haworthia remain compact for many years, produce strong children and do not lose the decorativeness of old leaves under one condition - a cool winter. But it is not obligatory for plants. Havortia are hardy and winter well, even in rooms with very high temperatures. And not even much affected by this.
But real fans of Haworthia are well aware that there is a significant difference between a warm and a cool winter. The optimal temperature range for the plant in the winter are indicators of about 12-14 degrees of heat.
5. Watering reduced to a minimum, even in summer
Haworthia grows with unusual rosettes - their lower leaves literally lie on the soil, constantly in contact with the substrate. And if it is wet, rot will quickly spread throughout the plant. Havortii are not something that they do not need, but are extremely afraid of high and medium humidity.
The topsoil should remain dry, and the substrate inside the pot should be slightly moist. Watering for haworthia is carried out so that the amount of water is sufficient for uniform soaking, but not very wet.
Determining the frequency of watering is quite simple: during dormancy, from mid-autumn to March, haworthia should be watered once a month or less (if haworthia is kept cool, they can be hardly watered). But in the warm season - from spring to mid-autumn - the plant is watered with the usual frequency for succulents 1-2 times a week.
Irrigation is carried out with a small amount of water, dividing it into small portions for more uniform soil penetration, even without a short-term excess of moisture.
6. Haworthia love fresh air
Haworthia are often related to other indoor succulents and even recommend growing them like cacti. But in one thing they are exactly different: haworthia love fresh air. Of course, in spring, autumn and winter they are content with standard hygienic ventilation of rooms and do not suffer at all. But in summer, the more often airing, the brighter these succulents will look.
7. Forget about air humidity
Havortii do not like tropical indicators of humidity. They feel much more familiar in dry air and the usual conditions of apartments. They are happy everywhere - and you can not think about controlling these indicators, even for this plant.
8. Minimum feeding
In order for the haworthia to retain their decorative effect for a long time, not to grow too rapidly, but not to lose their characteristic patterns, it is worth paying more attention to the recommendation about meager dressings.
Like any houseplant, haworthia needs fertilizer. But top dressing should be low concentrated and not frequent. It is best to carry them out once a month, reducing the dosage indicated as the standard manufacturer of a particular drug by exactly half. And not forgetting that from mid-autumn to spring, haworthia should in no case be fed.
Choosing the type of fertilizer is also very important. Despite the unpretentiousness, haworthia can not be fed with any universal fertilizer. Only special fertilizers for succulents and cacti with a special balance of macro- and microelements are suitable for them.
9. When breeding, make clean cuts
Haworthia is not in vain considered one of the easiest succulents to breed. They let out babies right at the base of the mother’s outlet, and they easily breed in separate leaves. But only if you adhere to impeccable hygiene.
Both root siblings and individual leaves must be cut very carefully, without squeezing, without injuring the tissue, with a very sharp and disinfected blade, getting a clean, even cut.
In order for children or leaves to take root, you need not only to dry the slices, but also treat them with charcoal. You should not rush to the rooting plant: drying for 2–3 days is the best option.
You can propagate haworthia and seeds. But to buy them is very difficult, and fussing with miniature plants, extremely afraid of high humidity, as a rule, is not worth the effort. It is too easy to get new havortia by vegetative methods.
Haworthia cuttings should not be rooted in water: they are planted in separate pots in light mixtures or clean sand. And they carefully monitor light humidity to avoid decay of tissues.