5 main rules of spring care for indoor plants
With the approach of spring, indoor plants gradually come out of their dormant state and start growing. After all, in February the day becomes significantly longer, and the sun warms up completely in the spring. How to help flowers wake up and prepare them for the growing season? What do you need to pay attention to and what measures should be taken to ensure that plants are healthy, bloom, multiply and delight? We will talk about what indoor plants expect from us in the spring in this article.
1. Spring lighting
Spring often comes unexpectedly and abruptly - after cloudy snowy days, the bright sun suddenly peeks out and begins to burn mercilessly. At this time, it is important to provide indoor plants with a gradual awakening. If the flowers are on the sunny windowsill, they need shading, even if they are sun-loving plants.
On a clear day, the sun's rays will warm not only the glass, but also the windowsill, and with the batteries working, the air temperature can rise significantly, which greatly complicates the life of plants. If possible, it is better to clean the flowers in a fairly lit place, but away from direct sunlight.
2. Trimming and rejuvenation
Many indoor plants continue to grow in winter. The lack of light in winter has a deplorable effect on the appearance of some flowers - their shoots are stretched, and the leaves turn pale or partially showered. Spring is the time to put such copies in order.
The long shoots of many plants can and should even be shortened, giving the bush or tree a regular shape. They respond well to pruning vines. The shoots of scindapsus, syngonium, hoya and many other plants stretch strongly during the winter, giving the plant an untidy look. Shortening such shoots will help the flower build up a new green mass and restore its former splendor.
This applies not only to vines. Ficus, bougainvillea, pelargonium, tradescantia, and many others, both flowering and ornamental-deciduous indoor plants, are very positive about pruning. An exception is plants in which flowering occurs on overwintered shoots - continuous pruning is contraindicated for such flowers. You can only slightly adjust the shoots, if necessary.
Many older plants may require anti-aging treatments and are also best done in the spring. For some, rejuvenation will consist in a strong pruning - as a rule, these are adult plants that have grown and lost their shape. And flowers such as, for example, old Reo or chlorophytum cannot be rejuvenated with any scraps. We have to replace the old instance with rooted layering. In the spring, the children take root very well and, after a short period of time, turn into beautiful well-groomed plants.
The best time for transplanting indoor flowers is March – April. Transplantation is, first of all, necessary for young plants, because starting in growth, the root system will require more space and nutrients. Therefore, for young plants, a larger capacity is needed, and a new fertile soil. Adults that have well wintered plants do not need an annual transplant. It is enough for them to replace the top layer of the earth - this will make it possible to transplant flowers once every two to three years.
Many indoor plants do not tolerate winter well - dry warm air from heating appliances and, often, cold window sills do not affect the best way. The leaves turn yellow and fall, and the plants themselves appear oppressed. Such instances are transplanted in the first place.
If there is a suspicion of overfilling, then, replanting, it is necessary to clean the roots of the old soil and wash them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then plant in a clean pot with fresh soil.
Do not transplant flowering plants, and many still bloom at this time. Nothing terrible will happen if orchids, late Decembrists, hibiscus or bougainvillea are transplanted after flowering - in early summer.
In late February and early March, tubers and bulbs are taken from cool storage. Often by this time the first awakening buds already appear on the tubers. Such plants are planted in containers with soil, moistened and placed on a bright window.
Gloxinia, calla lilies, cyclamen, house sour, some species of begonias, waking up in the spring, will require some attention. In order for the tubers to start growing, a certain soil moisture is necessary, but overflows are dangerous at this time, so watering should be taken with full responsibility.
4. Watering and feeding
Awakening plants will require increased watering, but this is best done gradually. Water for all colors should be soft, room temperature. With the same water, you can spray plants, but only those who need it.
In March, top dressing of indoor plants usually begins. An exception to the rule are transplanted flowers. The new soil contains everything you need for nutrition, so after a transplant you can forget about feeding for a month.
When choosing a fertilizer, it is important to pay attention to what colors this or that drug is intended. Ornamental, deciduous and beautifully flowering plants need different compositions. Nitrogen contributes to the rapid growth of shoots, and potassium and phosphorus - the formation of buds and lush flowering. Therefore, it is best to purchase a special fertilizer for specific colors and adhere to the recommendations in the instructions for the drug.
And their choice is huge today - and powder, and tablets, and liquid. And especially for those who are very busy, they came up with fertilizer sticks - put it in the ground and forgot. From my own experience, I would recommend liquid remedies, alternating mineral and organic top dressing. With this method, the plants will receive everything they need in an easily accessible form, and how many and what exactly will give the sticks is not yet known.
5. Propagation - cuttings, division, sowing seeds
Reproduction for enthusiastic gardeners is the most interesting stage in growing indoor plants. And this is also best done in the spring, because it is at this time that the plants awaken, and take root, take root, they are also best at this time.
During anti-aging pruning of some plants, cuttings can be prepared. To do this, cut shoots are divided into parts so that each has at least 2-3 internodes.
Hard-rooted cuttings are preliminarily placed in an Epina or Zircon solution for 3-4 hours, then rinsed with clean water and dipped in Kornevin powder, immersed in a prepared container with moist soil. The soil around the handle is lightly pressed, carefully watered and, having covered the container with a film in the form of a greenhouse, they are cleaned in a warm bright place. The greenhouse is aired daily and monitored so that the soil always remains moist.
In this way, cuttings of Benjamin ficus, hibiscus, bougainvillea, myrtle and other plants with woody shoots are well rooted.
Indoor vines, pelargonium, dieffenbachia easily give roots in water. The main thing is not to pour a full can of water, otherwise the roots that appear will suffocate without air. Cuttings should be immersed in water no more than 2-3 cm. In this case, it is necessary to monitor the amount of water that evaporates quickly in a warm room.
With a spring transplant, many adult plants can be divided and young seedlings obtained. In this way, aglaonema, ferns, reo, asparagus, violets, bilbergia and many other plants are most easily propagated.
Leaf propagation, rooting of a part of the leaf, air cuttings and sowing seeds - each plant has its own method of propagation, but for almost all the optimal time, of course, is spring.
Which indoor plants are easy to grow from seeds, read the article 13 indoor plants that are easy to grow from seeds at home.
Dear readers! In the spring, the next stage in the life of indoor plants begins and it is important to give them a little attention at this time - this will save you from serious problems in the future. Many flowers at this time come out of a state of dormancy and a change of conditions should occur gradually. Everything, as in nature - every day a little lighter, a little warmer. Watering is also gradually increasing. Well, transplanting for potted plants is a necessary and natural procedure.