7 secrets of professionals to help make your garden special
The gardens, designed by professional designers, are impressive at a glance. They seem to breathe harmony, and their creators seem to be almost magicians who own secrets and secrets. But in fact, the basics of garden art are not at all so inaccessible to ordinary gardeners and gardeners. After all, the basis of harmonious, colorful and individual projects are quite simple principles. And in order to put them into practice, it’s enough not to take the time to evaluate and plan and not be afraid of bold decisions.
Selected Tricks for a Simple Beautiful Garden
Applying professional tricks in practice is not such a difficult task. And no matter how confusing the principles of landscape design may seem, just try them once in practice - and you will see that in fact they are based on the simplest logic and elementary laws of composition. And they do not contain any information “for the elite”. And in order not to make mistakes, not to get confused and never lose the “thread”, do not forget about the main rules:
- always, in any circumstances, even when choosing a specific plant variety, do not forget about the general concept - the theme, style, motives for arrangement, the mood that you want to create in the garden and, of course, the budget;
- Do not be afraid to plan and evaluate once again, draw sketches, write down ideas, compare and “figure out” on the ground, take photos to always be confident in your actions;
- always move from the general — form, style, color scheme, etc. — to the particular — to specific plants and their varieties, and not vice versa (subordinate all your actions to a single idea);
- never forget to evaluate the composition and objects in the garden for practicality - the required care, wear resistance, durability; aesthetics is very important, but it’s even more important to create a garden that you can admire that matches your rhythm of life and your abilities.
If you think that your garden lacks professional gloss, completeness and integrity, evaluate it according to 7 main professional criteria - the “tricks” and “secrets” that make the project harmonious and attractive. Putting them into practice when re-arranging old and breaking down new objects, you can give your site a completely new image and the very highlight that will crown the design and connect all the elements together.
Secret 1. Form loves certainty
Form is not just one of the terms in the language of professionals and a general designation of contours. This is the most important tool that can both make the garden unique and literally destroy the project. Indeed, it is the basic correlation of forms that determines the harmony of perception of both individual compositions and the site as a whole. And if you want your garden to look “professional”, decide on the form that underlies the entire arrangement. And never backtrack on her. Using the selected form in the arrangement of paths and grounds, in flower beds, and in discounts, and in the "little things", you will take the main step towards a holistic look of the garden. It is form and its constancy that underlie garden harmony.
But do not be afraid: it is more about a motive, rather than a specific figure at the heart of compositions and objects. The choice of form does not mean at all that if you have a long rectangular path, then all flower beds should exactly repeat the ratio of its sides. You just need to choose from two concepts and their basic elements:
- flowing lines, or fluid form, which can be represented by bends, curving lines, smooth transitions (such forms look at ease, natural);
- straight lines, or a geometric shape that involves straight paths and the use of a square, circle, oval or rectangle as the basic "shape" in the design (while geometric motifs can be mixed or not together). Classic straight lines and strict geometry make the garden look solemn, ceremonial and somewhat strict.
For those who equip a new garden, starting from scratch is easier: they can make their own choice. If you want to improve the existing garden, then you need to determine the dominant form:
- evaluate whether natural or geometric motifs dominate your garden and choose a "leader";
- change objects that do not correspond to the central motive, give them naturalness or severity with a new border, accent, etc.
Within the framework of the chosen central motive, one can play with a specific form, as well as “connect” the volume, splendor, scale, texture for greater expressiveness.
If you do not adhere to the design of the chosen form, then the integrity of the garden cannot be achieved. The only exception is the separate, structurally and visually completely separated areas in which special objects are divided - for example, a heather garden or a meditation corner.
Secret number 2. Zoning without fail
A separate area in the garden is not just a favorite corner, highlighted as a special one. This is a vital element, a functional unit of garden arrangement that defines the whole design. Zoning is necessary for every garden, it should be definitely at the stage of project development or compensated in the future. At the same time, zones are not allocated according to the principle of designating particularly important or favorite places. Zoning provides for the division of the entire territory of the site into territories of different sizes, which are functionally, both in their use and in design, allocated in a separate part.
So, they separate into a separate zone the part of the garden in which there is a pond, vegetable garden, orchard, territory near the house and terrace, an area with main flower beds, a rock garden or a corner for relaxation, a large lawn. And if you wish, a thematic walking zone, a series of flower beds, a rose garden or an iridary, etc., are separately equipped.
Functional areas in the garden must be separated from one another, indicating transitions. There are arrangement options when each zone is decorated in a separate style, separated from the rest of the garden. But this approach is rather the exception. Different zones in the predominantly most projects are divided by conditional, only denoting the transition boundaries - a small fence, a curb, a line on the lawn, an arch with a vine, decorative elements or objects of small architecture, discounts and pottery gardens, leaving gaps and gaps, without losing connection between the individual parts the garden. You can completely limit yourself to just changing the shape of the zone or paving material (for example, the color of the grass of the lawn, the transition from a trimmed lawn to a meadow from ground covers, a combination of a paved area and gravel or lawn, etc.).
Secret number 3. The unity of buildings and plants
In order for the garden to be perceived as a harmonious, completed and expressive project, it is necessary to achieve a balance not only in the concrete structure and each composition, but also to create a sense of unity, community between all architectural elements and landscaping. First of all, you need to connect the house and the garden.
In order to achieve a sense of harmony, it’s enough to design the very “fad” that you need to focus on when making any decision, add the main characteristics of the house - the materials used in its construction and the main lines that determine the style of construction. When choosing the option of decorating paths and platforms, creating borders or decorating ponds and rock gardens, it is worthwhile to dwell on materials common with the house.
But unity cannot be achieved only by searching for the same types of stone or choosing a tree. The garden and the house are “connected” with each other with the help of plants, paying attention not only to creating beautiful flower beds and using large tree and shrubs in the garden as a “counterweight” to the house, but also decorating the facade itself. And there are no options for such a green decor:
- the use of vines for upholstery at home;
- installation of a support for a beautiful flowering vine at the entrance to the house;
- the use of "green guards" at the door and putting a pot garden around the house;
- the design of rabatoks and ribbon borders, narrow flower beds with tall plants along the walls of buildings and on the "residual" soil strips;
- breakdown of lush compositions by the terrace;
- decoration by pilots of window sills, a veranda and a balcony, etc.
Secret number 4. The main thing is a comfortable rest
Any designer will say that an attractive garden is, first of all, one where you can comfortably relax and enjoy communicating with nature. Today, without a terrace, it is almost impossible to imagine a single country house. But the cozy patio adjoining the building does not at all limit the recreational functions of the garden. Places for rest are the main, most important objects on any site. After all, they not only give the opportunity to relax, admire the relief created with love and appreciate the fruits of their efforts. It is they who make the garden complete, individual, attractive. And it’s yours. Indeed, it is through the corners for relaxation that personal tastes and preferences of the owners of the site are revealed.
There are no excess corners for relaxing in the gardens. The more places you can place, the better. In addition to the terrace, even in the smallest garden, it is imperative to set up at least one “remote” corner for relaxation. And since they are very different, there is always an appropriate design option. After all, to attach a small wooden bench by a hedge, to shelter a small seat under a rose twined arch or to install several chairs at the end of the path is simple. And this is not to mention the large recreation areas under the family tree, in the middle of the lawn, by the pond, recessed on flower beds, refectory with barbecue, gazebos, pavilions, where there is something to unfold.
The main thing is to protect such a recreation area from prying eyes, choose furniture, plants for potted accents and accessories. And do not forget about additional protection. After all, a complete rest is possible only where the atmosphere of detachment from the world, comfort and security prevails. And the means for this can be used different - short sheared hedges, screens and screens, portable lianas on trellises, a flower bed. In addition to the protective function, such a “fence” for a relaxation corner should also perform other functions - create a colorful panorama, give a feeling of “drowning” in colors and aromas.
Secret number 5. Surprise effect
Only the garden is perceived as interesting, unique, original, and you never get tired of opening and inspecting it. One of the main features by which it is possible to accurately determine high-quality professional projects is the aura of mystery, secrecy, secrecy, that special atmosphere that does not allow interest to fade from day to day. Making a garden a mystery is not so difficult - it’s enough to make the most interesting secret, hidden from prying eyes.
The most boring gardens are those that can be taken literally with one glance. At least one “secret” should be even in the most simple in structure and modest in size garden. A relaxation corner, a bench buried in a hedge, a cozy gazebo, a small deck chair at your favorite pond, a beautiful garden sculpture, an outlandish plant, a pharmacist's garden or a decorative garden - any object in the garden can be used as a "secret". They should appear suddenly, unexpectedly, hiding behind lush plants until the path turns or you find yourself in another part of the site while walking. These are “hidden treasures” that make your garden attractive and boring.
To hide a secret cozy corner from prying eyes, you can use a hedge that curls a lattice with a vine or lush rabatka with tall perennials and shrubs, and sometimes a potted garden. The main thing is to place the plants in front of the object so that it is not visible what is hidden behind them. And even if you walk around the garden every day, you will never get tired of discovering such hidden objects. They give a sense of novelty, multi-layered design, attractiveness and mystery, in addition to colors and comfort, fill the areas with a premonition of discoveries.
Secret number 6. Do not “get stuck” in the details
The main problem of "amateur" gardens is the lack of an orderly selection of plants. Each gardener more than once had the opportunity to buy seedlings or perennials of perennials “falling in love at first sight” or be tempted by a new variety. And there will probably be a place for a colorful novelty in the garden ... In this approach, the first mistake lies - you need to choose not a place for plants, but plants for a particular place.
The general concept, purpose, design motive, the chosen image and the desired look should always be in the first place. And plants should be considered as a tool to achieve a higher goal, and not as the main source of inspiration. Often, even when breaking down a simple flower garden, they start with the plant, choosing your favorite, most colorful, liked ones. But if you want your flowerbed to look professional and holistic, you need not to get confused in the details, but think over the concept of a flower garden, and only then find the ideal plants for it. The goal is above the means of achieving it, and the general idea is more important than specific tools.
Always, under any circumstances and in any decorative composition, consecutively think over and plant in turn:
- woody plants;
- tall shrubs;
- small shrubs;
- large herbaceous perennials;
- medium and small herbaceous perennials;
- soil protectors;
- seasonal accents and miniature "stars".
Moving on the principle of "from wood to crumbs", you will not make mistakes even when making a ribbon border. Plants that are not used in a particular composition are simply skipped - and proceed to the next step.
The regularity of such work in sequence is especially pronounced when breaking down new gardens: first, places are placed for tall tree shrubs, then for solo tall shrubs and groups of tree and shrubs. Then - they outline the contours of flower beds, and only then fill all the compositions with plants. And even in the process of planting carpet mixborders, they always move from large to small, from miniature shrubs to ground covers and summers.
Do not think that this approach leaves no room for your favorite spontaneous purchases or new discoveries. Simple and they should be appropriate: leave room for a special "experimental" flower garden or select one discount on which you will try new species. Perfectly as a universal platform, flower beds for pilots and flower beds, islands, populated by pilots every season: several perennials can always be planted on them.
Secret number 7. Wealth vertical structure
Despite the fact that the central attention in the design of the garden is always given to the area and its division - zoning, placement of flower beds, paths, lawns, etc. - another plane that is difficult for direct assessment is also more than important. The vertical structure of the garden determines the spatial depth, harmony, the interaction of elements, the balance between buildings and lush flower beds, turns a flat relief into an expressive landscape. And it is the game at different heights - the most elusive of landscape skills.
The choice of garden plants is diverse, including height.Low ground covers and lawn grasses that literally weave green or flowering carpets, perennials, summers of various sizes, shrubs and trees from “mini” to “maxi”, vines that can drape surfaces to multi-meter heights are all tools that can add depth to any design . And the game with the height of plants is one of the most interesting garden shows. But the terracing of the garden, and supporting walls, and various versions of alpine hills, pedestals, socles are also “included” in the game. The relief of the garden should not be boring, flat and banal, and even smooth impeccable lawns should be emphasized with lush and high surroundings.
Finding the right balance of contours and verticals is not easy, but quite possible. The universal rule of the "golden mean" states that the main thing is balance. The area of flat areas, lawns and other horizontal elements should be approximately equal to volumetric compositions, vertical elements. And in each composition, in each zone of the garden, one must strive for the same principle - on any "plane" to provide for its own vertical "counterweight". The nature of the transition between low and high elements can be chosen according to the motives and forms that dominate the garden, to make them smooth and natural or contrasting. After all, you can use plants of different heights in different ways.
Smooth transitions from a low foreground to a high background, visual peaks in lush compositions, equal-sized rabatki and hedges or “slices” similar to a cardiogram, soft “waves” or contrasts of giants and dwarfs, bright solo giants dot the bright “dots” - everyone can find favorite motive. But the harmonies of the vertical structure cannot be broken.