A wall of weeds - what to do?
Spring is ending, the time has come for warm weather. The dachas are green from weeds, which in the first wave blocked all the free space in the gardens and gardens. Weed control begins from the first days of going to the cottage in order to “rest”. But there are different reasons for delays (illness, departure, and others) and upon arrival you will have a solid green field. How to be I never use chemicals at my dacha. From my own experience, I propose the following system of work to clean the summer cottage from “uninvited guests”.
How to get rid of weeds?
Mow the tops of weeds as soon as possible so that they do not have time to spread. Leave them in place, let them wither in the sun.
All beds of cultural circulation, occupied by early vegetable and winter plantings, should be weeded with a hoe (boot) for 5-7 cm.
Mowed grass will dry by this time. Collect it and mulch the weeded areas. Under the mulch, weeds will greatly slow down their growth.
You can do differently. Cover the aisles with opaque material (use black film, cardboard, even old pieces of linoleum). Under such a mulch, young weeds, if they sprout, they will die. Photosynthesis will not be available to them.
Weed control under tree crowns
Going back to the garden. I manually weed or reap a sickle with weeds under the crowns of trees, as low as possible. I mulch the mowed lawns with the same mowed grass, which will also stop the growth of weeds. I will gain time for other work.
Weed provocation in beds under seedlings and late crops
The end of May - the first half of June, the time of planting seedlings of eggplant, peppers, tomatoes, sowing cucumbers in open ground, replanting greening seeding. For them, by watering, I provoke seedlings and weed growth on beds, dug in the fall under seedlings and late crops. As soon as the seedlings appear, I spend a small weeding, level the soil and plant seedlings.
I mulch the plantings with humus, dry grass, previously mowed, mature biohumus, and straw. This year, I planted early tomatoes and mulched the mown meadow fescue (the whole garden was flooded with this weed).
There is a third week after landing. The plants in the fescue mulch feel great. Do not get sick with temperature changes (during the day +25 .. + 28, at night +8 .. + 10ºС). The soil under the mulch is moist. She fed with nitrophos.
Freed from planting, I again take up the weeds. At all free sites, mow them to the base and leave them in place. Torn out by hand immediately spread out on the released soil.
One tip! No need to destroy all weeds. A bare garden without greens looks unhealthy. Carefully select the most malicious rhizome, root shoot weeds (for example, creeping wheatgrass, field bindweed and others) from the soil and place it in a compost pit, except for field bindweed. Its roots do not cross over in compost.
If the land is not occupied by anything, plant a pumpkin or zucchini in the holes among the mowed weeds. Their broad leaves will protect the soil from weeds and desiccation.
The second wave of weeds grows very rapidly in August. They are not terrible if the garden and the garden were kept clean all summer. That is, weeds were destroyed at the beginning of growth, all weeds were mulched.
A few words about the herbicides in the country
Some gardeners and gardeners prefer radical weed control measures. It is believed that treating plants with herbicides will solve all problems. Moreover, the recommendations often write that the drugs decompose or pass into a state inaccessible to plants without harming the soil. I am categorically against the use of chemicals and especially herbicides in dachas and houses.
Destroying green plants, herbicides have a very negative effect on humans, animals, birds, beneficial insects. If you have decided to chemically control weeds, then treatment should be carried out only with drugs that act on green plants and before planting garden crops. In no case do not treat weeds with herbicides in the summer in areas with food plants, under fruit trees and in the berry.
At present, hurricane, tornado, and zero chemicals are on sale. These are analogs of the “roundup” effective at high and low temperatures on a large list of weeds, both annual and perennial. The above systemic drugs. Accumulating and moving around the organs of plants, they cause changes in their young cells that are incompatible with further vegetation of the weed.
After treatment with a herbicide, only next year it is possible to plant vegetables on this place. It takes time for the detoxification of the drug to take place, it will become conditionally harmless and will not have a negative effect on vegetable and other crops.
Remember! After treating the weeds with herbicides, it is impossible to plant the plants used for food within the treated areas during the time specified in the recommendations.