Medicinal properties of nettle
Nettle (Urtica) - a genus of flowering plants of the Nettle family (Urticaceae) The stems and leaves are covered with burning hairs, which gave the Latin name: uro "burning." The genus includes more than 50 species. They grow mainly in the temperate zone in the Northern and (less commonly) Southern Hemispheres. The most common in the CIS are Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) and stinging nettle (Urtica urens).
- June August.
- It occurs almost throughout the former USSR.
- Grows on the edges of forests, gardens, shrubs, riverbanks, ravines, wastelands, near housing and roads.
- Leaves and roots with rhizomes.
- Leaves are harvested in June - August, roots - in late autumn.
- Dioecious nettle leaves contain formic, pantothenic, gallic acid, urticin glucoside, gum, tannin and protein substances, mineral salts, iron, vitamin C (150-200 mg%), various carotenoids (up to 50 mg%), vitamin K (up to 400 biological units per 1 g), vitamin Bg, protoporphyrin, coproporphyrin, sitosterol, histamine, chlorophyll (2-5%) and phytoncides.
- Stinging nettle has a similar composition, but has not been studied enough.
Stinging nettle - Urtica dioica
Popular names: sting, stinging, stinging (Tver region), strekava (Pskov, Tver region), series-palax (Mordovia), windworm (Chuvashia), seisir, kirtken (Kyrgyzstan), Eginj (Armenia), Tchintchari (Georgia )
Stinging nettle - perennial dioecious herbaceous plant with a long rhizome. Stems erect, blunt-tetrahedral, furrowed, with stiff, burning hairs. The leaves are opposite, ovate-lanceolate, coarse, covered with burning hairs. The flowers are small, same-sex, green, with a simple four-parted perianth. Male flowers with four stamens, female with one pestle, with a sitting stigma. Inflorescences are axillary, long, spiky, hanging. The fruit is an ovoid nut. Height 30-150 cm.
Stinging nettle - Urtica urens
Stinging nettle is a monoecious annual herb with a branched stem. The leaves are ovoid-elliptic, sharp, notched, serrate, covered with burning hairs. The flowers are small, green, with a simple perianth, stamen and pistillate. The flowers are collected in a spike-shaped inflorescence, which is shorter or equal in length to the leaf petioles. In stinging nettle, unlike stinging nettle, spike inflorescences are drooping and longer than leaf petioles. Height is 15-60 cm.
Nettle is widely used in folk medicine in various countries.
Russian medicine used it back in the 17th century and was highly regarded as a good hemostatic and wound healing agent.
Nettle has a diuretic, mild laxative, expectorant, anticonvulsant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, analgesic, "blood purifying", hemostatic and wound healing effect. It enhances the activity of the digestive glands and the secretion of milk in lactating women. Nettle increases the percentage of hemoglobin and the number of red blood cells in the blood. There are indications that decoction of leaves can lower blood sugar.
In Russian folk medicine and folk medicine of other countries, water infusion and nettle broth are used for liver and biliary tract diseases, kidney stone disease, dysentery, dropsy, chronic persistent constipation, colds, respiratory diseases, hemorrhoids, acute articular rheumatism, muscle rheumatism, gout. Nettle infusion is also used as an internal “blood purifying” agent that improves blood composition in the treatment of various skin diseases (lichen, acne, boils). A decoction of leaves with barley flour is used for chest pains.
In a mixture with other herbs, nettle is used for pulmonary tuberculosis. Nettle leaves are a part of various gastric, laxative and multivitamin collections.
A nettle infusion of nettle has long been used in folk medicine for hemorrhoidal, uterine, pulmonary and intestinal bleeding.
Nettle is also used in medicine for uterine and intestinal bleeding in the form of a liquid extract. Clinical examination has shown that it does not cause any harmful effects. The liquid extract also has a diuretic, anti-febrile and anti-inflammatory effect. Nettle extract regulates menstruation and reduces blood loss from them. To increase blood coagulation, it is recommended to use a mixture of liquid extracts of nettle and yarrow. The hemostatic effect of nettle is explained by the presence of a special anti-hemorrhagic vitamin K, as well as vitamin C and tannins.
A decoction of the rhizomes and roots of the dioica nettle in folk medicine is used internally for furunculosis, hemorrhoids and swelling of the legs, and the infusion of the roots is used as a heart remedy.
Sugared rhizomes of nettles are also used for coughing.
Infusion of stinging nettle roots is used to treat pulmonary tuberculosis. Infusion of dioica nettle flowers in the form of tea is drunk by suffocation and by coughing for expectoration and resorption of sputum.
Nettle is not only an internal, but also an external hemostatic and wound healing agent. Infected wounds are more likely to free themselves from pus and heal faster if they are sprinkled with nettle powder or fresh leaves are applied to them. A decoction of the whole plant is used externally for washing and compresses for tumors. Dried and crushed leaves are used for nosebleeds, and warts are destroyed with fresh leaves.
In France, nettle infusion is rubbed into the scalp to grow and strengthen hair when it falls out.
Nettle leaves, due to the content of phytoncides in them, have the ability to preserve perishable food products (for example, gutted fish, stuffed and lined with nettles, lasts a very long time).
Young shoots of nettle (stalks and leaves) are used to prepare green cabbage soup. In the Caucasus, delicious national dishes are prepared from boiled chopped nettle leaves mixed with crushed walnuts and spices.
Nettle is also a very valuable pet food. It stimulates their growth and development. Cows, getting nettles, give milk more and better quality. In chickens, egg production increases.
Mode of application
- 1 tablespoon of dried nettle leaves, insist 1 hour in 1 cup boiling water, strain. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day 1/2 hour before meals.
- 1 tablespoon of dried nettle leaves, insist 1 hour in 1 cup boiling water, strain. Infuse to wet the head after washing and gently rub it into the skin, do not wipe the head. Rubbing apply for several months, repeating them every week. Use for hair loss to strengthen and grow.
- Makhlayuk V.P. Medicinal properties of plants in folk medicine