Watering and humidity for indoor bulbs
Bulbous plants have always been considered the brightest seasonal stars. In room culture, until recently, they were not so popular and were regarded more as a gift for the holidays than a full-fledged part of the collection. The influence of fashion on bright flowering and small living bouquets in pots expanded the representation of bulbous species in the interior, but did not change their character. Bulbous plants require special care. Miscalculations at these care points can be fatal to them.
- Bulb moisture requirements
- Rules for watering indoor bulbs
- Humidification for bulbs in the interior
Bulb moisture requirements
Bulbous cultures are classified as non-standard indoor plants due to the peculiarities of the structure, development and conditions familiar to them. It is impossible to apply the usual approach to them, to use the universal frequency of watering, top dressing, or to confine oneself to the traditional set of these procedures.
Bulbous plants differ from herbaceous plants, primarily, in their sensitivity to dampness and fear of wetting of the aerial parts. These features affect primarily watering. Bulbs cannot simply be watered carelessly "as necessary." Accuracy, attentiveness, lack of rush become the same important criteria as the degree of wetting of the substrate or the draining of water from the pan.
For bulbous indoor crops, it is very important to remember an individual approach. Each species, and sometimes the variety, has its own requirements for soil and air humidity. Some bulbs are more drought tolerant, others are hygroscopic, and still others need an extremely stable environment. In caring for them, it is best to take into account the personal characteristics of plants.
Watering for all bulbs should exactly match the pace of plant development. The frequency and abundance of watering vary depending on what stage of development the plants are at. Requirements for high or medium soil moisture at the stage of active vegetation and careful watering at the dormant stage or even stop watering for plants that go dry during the winter are considered standard. But in fact, in bulbs, the need for water also changes during the stage of active vegetation, and this should also be taken into account in the construction of schedules and with a timely change in the care program:
- During dormancy, bulbs that do not need a complete rejection of watering should be kept lightly moist. The substrate should be almost dry. Watering is carried out only in order to slightly moisten the ground and prevent the roots from drying out. The frequency of irrigation is reduced by 2-3 times, focusing on the condition of the soil, and the amount of water is more than 3 times.
- When bulbs begin active vegetation, plants are usually transferred to abundant "standard" watering. But the need for water, as well as the rate of its consumption, is quite low at the very beginning of growth. Watering should be renewed gradually, and not sharply. It is at this phase that the greatest risk of waterlogging and rotting of the bulbs is observed. During the initial weeks of growth, irrigation is carried out with a small amount of water, but more often, making sure that the soil moisture remains light, but stable. “Skip” the adaptation period is possible only for a moisture-loving white flower.
- Only after the leaves begin to grow actively, reaching at least half the size, watering is made more plentiful. But even at this stage, it is necessary to ensure that the soil dries in the upper layer, is evenly moistened, there is no constant dampness in the lower soil layer.
Rules for watering indoor bulbs
When growing bulbs, first of all, you should think about the quality of water. No matter what kind of plant you are talking about, you can use only standing, not cold water, the characteristics of which will not lead to the accumulation of salts in the soil.
For all bulb plants, rain and melt water are considered the best. The water temperature should not be equal to the air temperature in the room, but several degrees higher than it. If the plants are afraid of hypothermia or are especially capricious, it is better to raise the indicators by 5-6 degrees. The minimum permissible water temperature for watering indoor bulb plants, below which the values should not fall even for crops wintering in cool weather, is +20 degrees for subtropical and +23 degrees for tropical species.
In the watering procedure for onion, there are many nuances that are also worth paying attention to:
- Watering should be neat, slow and controlled.
- Water can be poured only along the edge of the containers, and not in the center, under the plant, trying to ensure that water does not directly enter the base of the stems, leaves, peduncles, and bulb.
- Watering is carried out so that the water does not spread on the surface, but is immediately absorbed into the soil.
- Watering is best done by dividing the water into several portions, checking how the substrate is soaked after each, and monitoring the appearance of water in the pan.
- Water from pallets for any bulb is drained immediately, and after 5-10 minutes, a check is made for the presence of excess water.
- Watering for bulbs is best done not in the midst of the day and not in the evening, but in the early morning.
- Regular checks of the plant, control of how the soil dries out, is preferable to a strict schedule of water procedures.
For all bulb plants, it is much easier to use lower watering methods than classical methods. Bulbs grow well when using different methods of autowatering, controlling the degree of drying of the soil. The installation of humidity indicators makes it easier to control.
Humidification for bulbs in the interior
Fear of dampness in bulbous plants does not mean that they like dry air. Especially sensitive to unbalanced moisture indicators are all forcing "garden" plants. In dry air, both flowering and leaves suffer, plants are more sensitive to higher temperatures. In addition, bulbs often suffer from pests that prefer a dry environment and increasing humidity is the easiest method to prevent infection with spider mites and Co.
Bulbous plants develop and bloom best with medium or medium-high levels of humidity - from 50 to 75%.
For bulbous plants, spraying is used very rarely. It can not be carried out at the stage of budding and flowering, and many bulbs can not boast a long period of decorative leaves. The installation of water containers, pallets with moss, expanded clay, stone chips will increase the air humidity and stabilize the conditions. Of course, special instruments will provide perfect control, but in the case of bulbs, simpler humidity control measures can be dispensed with.
In addition to increasing air humidity, it is worthwhile to regularly carry out leaf cleaning procedures. In growing bulbs, hygiene is very important. The leaves of plants are wiped with a damp sponge or a soft cloth, preventing dust from accumulating. You need to monitor the top layer of the soil: the accumulation of debris, mold should not be allowed. It is better to loosen the surface of the soil regularly, avoiding the root zone and proximity to the bulbs.
Adhering to the rules of watering and moisturizing described in the article, you can provide your home with onion health and bright flowering.