Celery is a herbaceous plant with cirrus dark green leaves. In the first year, the plant gives abundant greens and forms a spherical root, and in the second year it blooms and bears fruit. Celery blooms from July to August with small white umbrella flowers. Ribbed two seed seed are the fruits of the plant.
The homeland of celery is the Mediterranean. He was held in high esteem by the ancient Greeks, depicting a plant on coins. Celery was considered a panacea for all diseases, and the Greeks took it in all cases. In Europe, celery began to spread from the fifteenth century. The French cooked various dishes from celery root, leaves and seeds served as an inexpensive seasoning. In Russia, celery became known in the eighteenth century, where it was immediately widely recognized as a medicine and food product.
Celery Growth Conditions
Celery is grown to produce leaves, roots and petioles. Three types of celery are known, each of which has its own purpose. Leaf celery gives beautiful delicate greens, root celery is a juicy root crop, and petiolate gives wide plates and long petioles. Celery loves light, moisture, tolerates cold relatively well. It can tolerate frosts to -7 degrees. Celery prefers humus-rich, neutral soils. It is best to plant celery in a place where zucchini, potatoes, cabbage, and cucumbers were grown before.
The plant is either sown or planted with seedlings. Seeds are sown in early spring, after soaking them. In order to get a large root crop, you need to constantly feed the plant, carry out loosening of the soil and watering. With the seed method of sowing, seedlings appear after 15-22 days, so it is preferable to plant celery seedlings. Celery leaf grows beautifully in indoor and greenhouse conditions.
Celery contains a large number of useful and aromatic substances. In the leaves and root of the plant there are organic acids, minerals, phosphorus, proteins, pectins, essential oil, carotene, vitamins C, B1, B2, PP. The highest content of essential oil is in the fruits of the plant.
Celery contains minerals that have a positive effect on the nervous and cardiovascular systems. Celery has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the kidneys, accelerates wound healing, improves metabolism, and improves tone. The plant has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. In traditional medicine recipes, celery is used as an aphrodisiac, like a diuretic, for constipation.
Root juice is used to treat kidneys, gout, urticaria, celery leaf juice helps with rheumatism, dropsy, scurvy. Celery products are recommended by many doctors, since it has many useful properties. Celery contributes to the removal of toxins from the body, so it should be included in the diet.
In cooking, what is called “tops” and “roots” are used. Fresh herbs are added to salads, vegetable and meat dishes. Root crops add special taste and aroma to soups and marinades.