Ferruginous vineyard in the middle lane - my growing experience
Representatives of the Vinogradov family are very welcome plants in my garden. These lush, cheerful vines with elegant carved foliage unwittingly immerse themselves in the atmosphere of distant lands with a mild climate, and life seems like a fabulous vacation. In this article, I would like to talk about a relatively rare representative of the Vinogradovyh in our area - the iron-vineyard. This exotic liana has been growing in my garden for many years, pleasing the eye with a dazzling appearance. Is exquisite exotics suitable for middle-sized gardens, and what should flower growers who have laid eyes on him expect?
There are many varieties of vineyards that grow wild in different parts of the world. The most famous species: aconitol vineyard, Japanese vineyard and glandular vineyard. The latter has many other names, for example, short-stemmed vineyard, Ussuri or glandular ampelopsis, which corresponds to its scientific name Ampelopsis glandulosa.
Vineyards are the closest relatives of grapes cultivated and girlish. Even the name "ampelopsis" is translated from Latin as "similar to grapes." Like their relatives, ampelopsis grow in the form of vines and form antennae on the stems, bloom with small inconspicuous flowers, after which they tie violet-colored berries.
With its foliage, the natural form of the glandular vineyard resembles a small copy of the well-known Isabella grape. Very popular varietal form of ampelopsis of glandular variegate Elegance (‘Elegans’) is distinguished by a more carved lobed foliage, and most importantly - by the presence on the plate blades of chaotic patterns in white, cream and silver. With good lighting, the leaves even turn a little pink. It is the Elegance vineyard that grows in my garden.
Such elegant foliage looks especially attractive against the background of bright crimson young stems and the same color of antennae and petioles. Leaf blades are medium-sized (5-10 centimeters), and like grape leaves are very dense, matte and slightly rough. In good conditions, the liana can reach 2-x-3 meters.
Ampelopsis can be compared with grapes and ivy, but bearing great resemblance to these plants, its bright appearance is not identical to either one or the other. His leaves remind me of reduced watermelon foliage, and numerous cream, white and pink touches are very pleasing to the eye.
But the main advantage of the liana, in my opinion, is simply amazing fruits, which, perhaps, not a single plant can match with the color of the middle lane. Who else will you find a shade of aquamarine that is present in the fruit of the vineyard?
In addition, the berries of ampelopsis are chameleons: the fruit that has just set in has a light green color, then (as it ripens) they acquire a soft pink and lilac hue. After - amazing turquoise. But the fully ripened berries are very saturated blue-violet, almost indigo. And such a game of shades can be observed even on one single cluster, since the fruits ripen unevenly.
Thus, each bunch is a kind of skillful gem decoration. An additional resemblance to semiprecious stones is given by the semi-matte surface of the berries with a slight sheen and small dark blotches under the skin.
Conditions and care for the vineyard
According to the encyclopedia of plants, the glandular elegance “Elegance” belongs to the frost resistance zone 5b. That is, the minimum winter temperature that the plant can tolerate is -26 degrees. It follows that ferruginous ampelopsis is not the best option for growing in the middle lane. Nevertheless, if there is good snow cover, the ferruginous vineyard winters well in regions with more severe winters, and with little shelter of the tree trunk - even without it.
However, it should be borne in mind that these figures are true only for the root system of the plant, but the frost resistance of the vineyard wood is much lower. In the middle lane, stalks are almost impossible to maintain even with maximum shelter. Thus, it is possible to grow a ferruginous “Elegance” vineyard in regions belonging to the 3-4 frost hardiness zone, however, you always need to be prepared for the fact that in a frosty snowless winter you can completely lose the plant.
The glandular vineyard is also grown in room culture. Read about it in the article Vinogradovnik, or Ampelopsis - a liana with colorful berries.
The glandular vineyard is not picky about the soil, and can adapt to different living conditions. But it will best develop on well-drained, moderately fertile loamy soils of a slightly alkaline reaction. The most important thing is to choose a place for plants where water will not stagnate during thaws and after heavy rains, since the root system does not withstand stagnant moisture.
The vineyard is glandular shade-tolerant and feels rather well in partial shade, it is most favorable to create conditions favorable for most vines — shading of the root zone and adequate illumination of the shoots. Bright sunlight is especially important for the Elegans variegate form, which is best planted in a sunny place so that the elegant ornament on its leaf blades appears as brightly as possible.
Care consists in timely watering and sprinkling in the dry period and, if necessary, protection against diseases and pests. However, in general, this is a very hardy plant and diseases and insect attacks are extremely rare. Like most vines, in the first three years the Elegans vineyard grows the root system, and the shoots grow relatively slowly, after which a more intensive development of the aerial part begins.
The experience of cultivating the Elegance vineyard in the middle lane
I purchased a grape vineyard “Elegance” in the form of a small two-year-old seedling brought from a European nursery. This vineyard has been growing on my site for more than five years. Unfortunately, during this time he never turned into a lush vine, like a girl’s grape or at least clematis, but did not freeze, which is also a reason for joy.
No matter how I try to keep the stem (removed from the support, laid and wrapped with non-woven material, built an air-dry shelter), I have never managed to save the shoots. Therefore, I concluded that in the middle lane the wood of the glandular elegans vineyard does not winter.
But the root system of the creeper is more winter-hardy. In the first years I covered him with straw or sawdust, but one day I was not able to arrive at the cottage in time in the late autumn, snow fell, and the plant went into the winter uncovered. Nevertheless, the liana woke up alive and healthy in the spring, after which I stopped somehow hiding the vineyard for the winter.
This plant grows with me in the form of an overgrowth culture, that is, the stems die completely during the winter. But in the spring, new shoots depart from the root, which manage to bloom and set fruits over the summer. Usually my bush expels two or three shoots, and by autumn they can climb to a height of 1.5-2 meters. Despite the fact that in our area, culture does not reveal its full potential, I remain a big fan of this plant, because it has a very exotic appearance.
Many flower growers, seduced by vivid images of the Elegance vineyard in the catalogs, are wondering if it is worth buying this exotic plant for middle-sized gardens. I will answer this question this way - it depends on what you expect from this unusual creeper, for what purpose do you want to buy it?
If you plan to use the plant for vertical gardening and expect the vineyard to decorate the grid or fence, then it will definitely not suit you. It has small, sparse foliage, low scourges dying for the winter, and in temperate latitudes it will never grow into a dense lush bush. But if you are a collector and connoisseur of plants, then the vineyard will really delight you with variegated foliage and extraordinary berries. And it does not cause much trouble.
In the latter case, it is better to plant the vineyard not at the fence, but in a ceremonial place, for example, placing it in a tub on a small obelisk, making it the center of the container composition. Planting in a container will also allow cultivating the Elegance vineyard as a “culture”. By cleaning the room for a winter with a low, but not critically low temperature for it, it will probably be possible to preserve not only the roots, but also the lignified stems of the vineyard.
But if you need a more stable vine with variegated leaves, then I advise you to take a closer look at the girl grapes of Star Shauers ("Star Rain").
As for the care, it can be said that I have a ferruginous vineyard "Elegance" growing "by itself", like an ordinary girl's grape. We have quite fertile chernozem soils, and when planting, I did not add any fertilizers for it, and in the future I did not carry out any top dressing.
Pests and diseases on the plant for all this time were not observed and typical fungal ailments of cultivated grapes also passed it. The only care is watering only in the dry period, so the plant can be called completely unpretentious, despite its exotic appearance.