Secrets of flower garden design
The most formal, bright, plentifully flowering, suitable for experiments and saving from boredom - such flower beds from summer books have long been for every gardener. Despite the fact that annual plants need intensive care, they have no equal in ability to bloom from early summer to autumn frosts. Flower beds from seasonal plants are truly inimitable precisely in the splendor and palette of their flowering. Even taking into account all their shortcomings, at least one flower garden from summers should be arranged in any garden. Moreover, this type of decorative ensembles is the easiest to arrange and use.
Not quite temporary flower beds
Flower beds from summers are often called temporary flower beds, but it would be more accurate to call them mutable. Indeed, despite the fact that each version of the flower garden exists for only 1 season, it is not necessary to transfer it from place to place or replace it with another object in the future. In most cases, the plot for the flower garden from summers and the basis for its design remain unchanged, and from year to year they are only filled with new plants. Therefore, "temporary" is not a very accurate epithet. Of course, flower beds from summers can also be broken in place of future long-term “permanent” compositions, as a seasonal camouflage artist at the stage of arranging a garden, but more often flower beds from summer-houses are separate objects with their special purpose.
In the design of the garden, flower beds and flower beds, in the design of which only annual or seasonal cultures are used, play many roles. They are also an ideal choice for those who do not think enough of ordinary and modest flowering of perennials and shrubs, fans of an abundantly colored show that lasts the whole season, and those who want to decorate the garden with the brightest color spots, and fans of those cultures that cannot winter in our climate .
Whatever the task for such a flower garden, it is a quick and luxurious way to transform and decorate the garden, not requiring serious measures and efforts at the design stage, but in need of constant care.
Flower beds from summers are not so simple and hassle-free
Flower beds from summers can hardly be called soundless and easy to design, if seedlings for such flower beds are grown on their own. They really can be created without hassle, only if you use purchased seedlings or ready-made plants. In this case, the floriculturist has only one task - to successfully place crops over the area of the flower garden and prevent mistakes during planting. If you grow all the plants from seeds or cuttings, then you will have to work hard before arranging the flower beds. But the result will also be unique, the varieties will be exclusive, and in the assortment of types and colors you will not be limited by anything. So for those who like to engage in seedlings, this process will be a pleasure.
A variety of flower beds from summers knows no bounds
Flower beds from summers are very different. Some are flat, others suggest a relief vertical structure, a combination of short, medium, and tall plants. Mono-species solutions and “solid” spots are by no means more common than flower beds, in which several different species are mixed together and actually repeat the design motifs of ordinary flower beds. Not to mention the fact that today some flower beds from pilots are not broken at all in the horizontal plane, but in the vertical, using various designs to create flower beds. And in each individual case, one should choose the form and content for the flower garden from summer books, not forgetting about the basic principles and norms:
- laws for the construction of garden compositions;
- garden style;
- tastes and character of its owners;
- color concept of design as a whole;
- a decorative task (compensating for a lack of color or lush flowering, masking, introducing ceremonial elements, revitalizing boring areas, emphasizing the style, giving the garden fullness at the very beginning of the arrangement, etc.).
All flower beds from summers can be divided into several categories:
- large flower beds of a large area - solid, of strict geometric or natural shape and content, carpet or embossed;
- small flower beds, islets;
- serial or modular flower beds in which small fragments are repeated, separated by paths or borders;
- mixborders with a mixed composition of plants;
- narrow borders.
Small islet flower beds can be made from one type of annual plant, but for the beauty of the composition, it is best to combine from two to five different types of annuals. They are usually made in the form of relief compositions with an interesting game of the height of the elements that enliven the lawn or fill the voids and glades.
Large area flower beds from summers open up the most unlimited possibilities for searching design ideas. Thematic or simple, such flower beds from summers can be performed by realizing your wildest fantasies. In large flower gardens it is allowed to use from 8 to 10 species of annual plants. In such a flowerbed, you can play on a harmonious or contrasting color palette, dilute flowering plants with calm leafy spots, create various ornaments and patterns. Not to mention the fact that you can make a large flower garden carpet, plant plants in it of approximately the same height, or, conversely, play in contrasts, using the same as on ordinary flower beds from perennials, low, medium and high crops, translating carpet plots into lush thickets and placing vertical accents.
Various fairy-tale and geometric motifs, interesting contours and unusual solutions with clearly visible patterns and ornaments are very popular today. Flower beds from summer-houses, made on the principle of a cake or a watch’s face cut into pieces, the use of chess sections, smooth lines as if streamers of white-flowering or ornamental-deciduous plants running through flower beds, a combination of different geometric shapes “inscribed” one in another, imitation of a fish or bird's tail, various animals, insects and silhouettes on a contrasting background, etc.
Mixed rabatki or mixborders from flyers are usually performed at buildings or fences, in the form of narrow ribbon flower beds and dividers. Mixborders can be multi-level, classic, with one-sided or two-sided review, in which the whole composition is perfectly viewed from different angles. From annuals, you can create carpet mixborders. A clear gradation from tall and gigantic annual plants in the background or in the midline to the carpeted foot of the foreground with medium-sized aggregates allows you to create complete and expressive ensembles
Borders from pilots always look like lush and spectacular framing lines and add fabulousness to the whole design. Most often, narrow borders from a single species of plants are used to frame garden paths or around a recreation area, but planting them with unusual smooth lines or curls will make it possible to diversify the pattern of a lawn or meadow with groundcover no worse than classic island flower beds. Borders from pilots today are increasingly popular in regular styles of landscape design as a means of quick correction and placement of geometric accents where the style is not expressive enough.
A modular or serial flower garden today is no longer considered a traditional element of only regular gardens and has long become one of the fashion trends of all modern projects. Divided into separate cells or sectors, flower beds open up a completely new perspective on design. Serial flower beds always look smart, neat and smart. Clearly defined boundaries allow you to take risks with the choice of colors and their combination. For modular flower beds, traditionally use summers of approximately the same height. Flowering and deciduous plants can be freely combined with each other. Individual sectors of the serial flower garden are traditionally filled with one yearbook, creating unique cells of different colors. But you can fill in fragments of serial flower beds and compositions of 3-5 different plants, planting them ornamentally or strictly, creating an even greater effect of a patterned flowerbed.
Flyers from small to large
A huge assortment of annual plants allows you to use not only different paints and textures, but also cultures with completely different heights. Their selection is sufficient in order to diversify the vertical structure of compositions from summer books, to achieve various effects and effects on the surrounding space.
Favorite carpet species of annual plants or the most undersized summers allow you to create a dense texture of flower-carpets and various contrasting patterned transitions. Annual dahlias, miniature varieties of coleus, evergreen begonia, seaside cineraria, ageratum and other low summers create amazingly beautiful compositions in the sectors of modular flower beds or in the foreground flower beds.
Medium-sized annuals - expressive, bright, plentifully flowering - are indispensable as the main plants for almost all types of flower beds from annuals. The favorites of modern design are cirrus cirrus, verbena, marigold, calendula and many other species.
Among the annual crops there are also giants who will perfectly cope with the task of placing accents and creating visual peaks in any flowerbed. Amaranths, Cleome, Lavater, and castor oil, truly impressive in its size, are just a few of the names of popular and fashionable cultures.
On the flower beds from summers you can use annual creepers - bright morning glory, nasturtium, decorative beans, sweet peas, turgeria, kobe, etc. Liana can be planted not only as a groundcover, but also placed as accents on pyramids, obelisks or other species curly supports.
Flowering and non-flowering seedlings require a different approach
In choosing seedlings for a beautiful flower garden from summers, there are many nuances.
It is preferable for planting to use already flowering strong plants with shaped bushes. And, of course, those varieties and species in the flowering dates of which you are sure. When using already flowering flyers, you can easily, right on the spot, draw up a color concept, check the combinations and place the cultures in such a way as to reveal their beauty most effectively. In addition, with seedlings already beginning to bloom, one can quite objectively evaluate the dimensions of the plant and the density of the composition and not be tormented by any doubts.
If you use younger seedlings, on which the first buds have not yet formed and the first flowers have not opened, the bushes are still far from the maximum size, then you will have to carefully check all the information on the size of the plants, carefully sketch the sketches and calculate the color scheme "on paper", check plates on seedlings, so as not to get confused when planting it.
Sketches should not be ignored.
Never save time on planning and sketching. Even if we are talking about the simplest scheme, the time spent on it will more than pay off with an impeccable result. To compose a sketch, it is not necessary to have artistic talent. Simple colored spots and symbols will help on paper to create a prototype of the future flower garden and to avoid major mistakes in combining flowers and plants.
The timing of flowering is easy to select
Difficulties with the selection of flowering dates when using classic summers usually do not arise. After all, all annual crops bloom almost simultaneously: from the end of spring or the beginning of summer to the very frosts. The only exception is the use of other seasonal plants that do not winter in the soil (tuberous, tuberous and other cultivated crops) on flower beds from year-olds, the flowering period of which is limited in time. As well as flyers blooming just a couple of weeks. In this case, the flowering period of the soloists must be taken into account in the overall composition, noting when the planned planting will reach the peak of its flowering, which partners will better reveal their beauty.
Do not thicken or thin out - the main task
When planting summers, it is very important to consider the recommended distance to neighbors for each individual plant species. If placed too rarely, such a flower garden will look messy and careless; if it is too dense, the plants will develop poorly, get sick, and may not bloom at all. For each individual species, it is necessary to check what the average value for the recommended distances is and do not deviate from these parameters by a centimeter.
In flower beds from summers, the strength of the plant's influence on composition, the disclosure of color and beauty, impression and image are very important. Plants never plant one at a time: the larger the group of identical seedlings will be (and by the group here you can understand the line in one row), the better the beauty of the plant will be revealed.
The diligence shown in the selection of the distance between the seedlings and in their placement as spectacular groups as possible will allow you to get the most colorful compositions.
Landing is the easiest
Creating flower beds from summers is quite easy to practice. The main thing is to take care of the precise marking of the territory of the flower bed and lay all the drawings in advance, limit the landing zone with a thick cord or twine. Keeping the necessary distance, first place seedlings on the flower garden in their places (if it is already blooming, you can easily adjust the plan on the ground), and then plant plants individually in individual planting pits, monitoring the planting depth for each species and watering the plants .
It is better to complete the arrangement of the flower garden from summers not only by abundant watering, but also by mulching the soil, which will greatly simplify maintenance and save time on weeding, loosening the soil and increase pauses between watering.
Think about the curb
If we are not talking about a flower garden, already framed by paths or paving, modular flower beds, then it is worth thinking about the design of the edges. After planting the main plants, they are engaged in the installation of a decorative border around the flower garden from summer plants or planting plants along the contour of the flowerbed, which will create a beautiful plant frame.
Small and large decor
In compositions from annuals, accessories are never superfluous. From special lighting, which will emphasize both the color scheme and the structure of compositions, will attract attention to flower beds at night, to unusual decorative elements in the form of garden sculptures, large boulders, driftwood, old repainted utensils or several containers with summer trees growing in them - any accents that better reveal the purpose of the composition and make it complete, can be considered appropriate.
Standard requirements for growing conditions and not exactly for care
Without exception, flower beds from summers require almost identical conditions at the place of plant growth and are characterized by universal, averaged requirements for soil and lighting, with the exception of some nuances.Plants that need different conditions never combine among themselves, selecting species in such a way that the flower garden environment is comfortable for any crop.
For flower beds from annuals, you can choose only open sunny and warm areas. Despite the presence of lovers of partial shade and shadow, most pilots still remain photophilous plants. And a full-fledged magnificent flowering composition of shade-tolerant annuals is unlikely to be created.
The soil on the flower bed of annuals should be well-developed in advance. It is not only dug up and loosened twice, but also necessarily added organic and mineral fertilizers to improve the soil, which will provide the plants with all the nutrients they need to start growing and flowering. At the same time, the choice of fertilizers should be carried out taking into account the dislike of almost all annuals for fresh manure and compost (it is necessary to use high-quality and mature organics). But the soil reaction is selected in accordance with the requirements of the entire plant community, selected for it.
Caring for a flower garden from summers cannot be called super complicated, but it must be permanent. Not a single annual plant, even from among drought-tolerant species, will refuse watering during the hottest time of the year, and most plentiful-colored favorite crops require regular water procedures. To maintain the stability of flowering until the arrival of the first frosts, it is necessary to provide each species planted on the flower garden with the necessary fertilizing. Removing fading flowers or obligatory pruning after the first flowering wave also does not simplify the maintenance of such flower beds. In the absence of mulching, both weeding and loosening of the soil will be needed.