Features wintering indoor plants
Probably every florist, and not just a novice, once “lost” his indoor flowers, and this most likely happened in the winter. Cold windowsill, hot dry air from batteries, drafts and excessive watering are common causes of plant death in winter. The improper organization of winter dormancy may not destroy the plant immediately, but will adversely affect its general development and subsequent flowering. Many indoor plants bloom and grow, albeit more slowly, and in the cold season, but most flowers need a dormant period. This article will tell you about the wintering features of our pets.
- Indoor flowers that do not require special conditions in winter
- Indoor plants that need relative winter rest
- Plants requiring complete dormancy in the winter
- Florarium - the best solution for winter plant maintenance
- Diseases and pests of "indoor" in the winter
Indoor flowers that do not require special conditions in winter
Many of the plants in our homes come from the tropical forests of South America and Asia. In these areas there are no sharp transitions from heat to cold - throughout the year, approximately the same temperature and humidity are kept. Therefore, our indoor "Tropicans" usually grow all year round, without respite. The most popular representatives of the tropics in our homes are:
All these plants do not require special winter conditions. However, so that the flowers do not lose their attractiveness, they also need to create some comfort, because the climate in our apartments changes greatly with the onset of cold weather.
In the winter season, many indoor plants do not need fertilizing, therefore from October to March we do not apply fertilizer.
If the flower pot is on the windowsill, you need to provide the roots with warmth. For this it is necessary install containers with plants on the insulating material - wood or foam panel. If this is not possible, remove the flower from the windowsill and place it near the window.
In the cold season, indoor plants often die from excessive watering, since the air temperature is higher than the soil temperature, and the roots that are in the cold work worse. Therefore, an indispensable condition for a successful wintering - reduce watering. Always let the topsoil dry.
Heaters, no matter how beautiful and environmentally friendly they are, dry the air. The dried tips of the leaves indicate the need to increase humidity. Tropical plants needed spray daily and preferably several times a day. To increase humidity, a flower pot can be placed in a tray with water. So that the bottom of the pot does not touch the water, pebbles are poured into the pan and a flower is already placed on it. Many gardeners install open flat water tanks on batteries. The water evaporates from heat, increasing the humidity in the room.
Since tropical plants, most often, continue to grow in the winter - they need good lighting. From a lack of light, the shoots are extended, the internodes are lengthened, and the whole plant becomes pale and frail. Therefore, the south window is an ideal option, and if there is a possibility of additional illumination, then with the help of a phytolamp you can increase the duration of daylight hours, including it by two hours in the morning and evening. Sometimes flower growers use fluorescent lamps, but to achieve the effect you need to place it about 20 cm from the plants, and this is not always convenient.
The optimum temperature for tropical plants in winter is +18 ... +22aboutC. Watering and spraying indoor flowers in the winter should be done with settled water at room temperature or a little warmer.
Plants that need relative winter rest
A large group of indoor plants come from subtropics. Among them there are decorative and deciduous shrubs, and evergreen vines, and beautifully flowering herbaceous plants - a variety of shapes and colors amazes the imagination.
Often, having met similar beauty in a store, an unlucky amateur buys a flower without asking what conditions are required for its maintenance. Meanwhile, this group of plants, regardless of whether it occurs from dry or moist subtropics, needs winter rest.
To bring the wintering conditions of subtropical plants closer to natural, it is necessary to lower the air temperature to + 15 ... + 16aboutC. It is best to put pots with such colors on a window of a non-southern orientation. The bright sun is contraindicated to them, but the humidity should be increased by any means.
But not all colors are suitable for spraying, especially in the cold season. Spots may appear on the leaves, and in rosette flowers, the core often rots from water ingress. Therefore, it is better to use pebble trays filled with water, humidifiers or cover the battery in the room with a damp towel.
Watering with cool contents should be especially careful. It is necessary to allow the soil to dry and always dig the soil in a pot before watering. If the top layer is dry - you can water it.
Wintering in a cool room, flowers do not need additional lighting. Top dressing is also excluded until spring. If all these conditions are met, plant growth will stop, and this is exactly what the dormant period is for.
Popular shrubs and trees whose origin is dry subtropics:
- many types of begonia;
- meaty hoya.
Inhabitants of the desert, succulents and cacti are the most unpretentious, at first glance, pet pets also need winter peace. This group of plants winters well in a cool sunny window with rare, or rather, very rare waterings. This procedure should be more likely to lightly moisten the soil than to water.
Optimal air temperature + 13 ... + 18aboutC, humidity - what it is. If it is not possible to create suitable conditions, then cacti and succulents will continue to grow, and due to a lack of lighting, they will stretch and lose their rich color.
Features of winter dormancy of orchids
Recently, orchids have been very popular in indoor floriculture. Beautiful plants with beautiful long-playing flowers won the hearts of even people far from floriculture. Wintering of representatives of this group largely depends on the type of plant.
Phalaenopsis is the most common type of orchid; in winter, it prefers bright lighting, often with lighting. Air temperature + 16 ... + 20aboutC and rare watering, by immersing the pot in water. Top dressing is given no more than once a month and with a lower concentration than in summer. The same conditions are suitable for other orchids with a mildly expressed rest period - miltonia and Paphiopedilum, dendrobium, Lelia.
Plants requiring complete dormancy in the winter
Some orchids (certain types of dendrobiums, tunia and pleione) need complete rest in the winter. The leaves of these plants die off in the winter, so watering is gradually negated, allowing the earthly coma to completely dry. Ideal air temperature - from 8aboutFrom do10aboutC. Lighting is bright.
Plants such as hippeastrum and gloxinia also need absolute rest in winter. Leaves and stems die off at the end of the growing season, and all processes in tubers and bulbs slow down. After complete drying, the leaves must be removed, and cover the pot with the plant with a saucer or plastic bag with holes and put in a dark place with air temperature + 12 ... + 15aboutC. If there is no such place in the apartment, you can put the container in a black plastic bag and leave it on a cool windowsill, away from the battery.
From time to time, the soil in the pots is slightly moistened to prevent the coma from completely drying out. With the beginning of spring, tubers and bulbs are transplanted into a new substrate, slightly moistened and placed on a bright window. With the advent of sprouts, they begin to give top dressing.
Florarium - the best solution for winter plant maintenance
Miniature flowers can be placed in the florarium for the winter. Often, ordinary aquariums of various shapes are used for these purposes, since special glass pavilions for indoor flowers are very expensive. Most plants in these conditions feel great not only in the winter season.
A special microclimate creates optimal conditions for the growth of flowers - the absence of drafts, high humidity and a stable temperature like most of the house residents. A successfully created composition from various species will become a charming decoration of the interior.
Diseases and pests of "indoor" in the winter
In the winter season, our pets are threatened by diseases and pests. In flowers wintering on cold window sills, various rot may appear, since dampness and low temperature create favorable conditions for the development of fungi. Therefore, careful watering is the main prevention of such diseases.
In rooms with low humidity, spider mites and worms, lovers of dry air, are activated. Therefore, it is necessary to try to increase humidity by all means, and if pests have already appeared, then treat the plants with an insecticide. For indoor plants, it is best to use biological products such as Fitoverm or Avertin N. For humans and domestic animals, these products are slightly toxic, and they are quite effective against pests.
Conclusion For most indoor plants, it is not so difficult to provide winter peace - the main thing is to know where they come from and how they winter in natural conditions. Therefore, when buying a flower, ask the seller how to care for the plant not only in the summer, but also in the winter, and only after that, having assessed your capabilities, make a purchase.
After all, if you are not ready to spend your time and efforts on growing your favorite, but moody plant, you can choose an unpretentious, but no less beautiful flower that will delight you for many years.